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Questions and Answers about Antigone and Her Impact on Greek Art and Culture

Questions and Answers about Antigone and Her Impact on Greek Art and Culture


Sophocles and Antigone

Question: Judging by the play Antigone ended the author Sohpocles had his own opinion regarding the law. What did Sophcles say?

Answer: He said that ideals of law existed and that we ought to compare real laws to these.

Question: When and during what time era was Antigone written?

Answer: Antigone was written by Sophocles in 441 BCE. The supremacy of Pericles lasted from 461-429 BCE. The first Peloponesian war lasted from 460 to 446 BCE. The second Peloponesian war started in 431 and lasted until 404.

Question: What was the purpose of the Dionysian Festival when judging Antigone?

Answer: The purpose of the Dionysian festival was to demonstrate the spiritual in the life of men, and Sophocles certainly does this. Th goal of the festival was to literally bring the divine to life.

Question: What is the mainstream view of women in early greece? who represents it in this story?

Answer: One would expect the mainstream view of women to come from women, but Antigone was written by a man, for men. It is true that the women around Sophocles probably modeled for him, but he is still a man. But the characters described lived some 800 years before Sophocles. How could this have been an accurate description of women then? Ismene seems to represent the mainstream view when she says (line 61) "we must remember, first, that ours is a woman's nature, and accordingly not suited to battles against men; and next, that we are ruled by the more powerful, so that we must obey in these things and in things even more stinging."

Question: What does Antigone's tale say about Sophocles' view of the human condition?

Answer: Sophocles seems to be saying that even a weak women when armed with good ideas can defeat a stong but thoughtless man. But beyond this there is an underlying urgency in the society to see beyond the tragedy and bring about a better world. The classical culture of ancient Greece was very much about bringing into reality a better world based on thoughtful ideals. Sophocles had to see the world as a noble struggle in a world in which the individual has control over events and can produce a greater good though thoughtful choices.

Question: what is the meaning of" sophocles"??? is it something relate to"sculptural???

Answer: 'Sophocles' is related to the word 'sophumer' arguments.

Question: can i get a picture of sophocles and antigone as well?

Answer: Sophocles and Antigone, Creon, and Polyneices.

Question: did she really exist?

Answer: The Greeks thought so, but all we have is stories. We have no archeological findings. It is possible that Sophocles made her up but this is not the way the ancient Tragedies were usually done. More likely is that he used stories that are now lost.

Question: What is the importance and significance of Sophocles work in its own right and for citizens in the contemporary world?

Answer: Simply, Sophocles is one of the most significant authors ever, and his two plays Oedipus Rex and Antigone may be the most perfect ever. They deal with human experience at such a basic level that they will probably always be significant.

Question: what made sophicles write antigone?

Answer: Sophocles wanted to entertain and educate his audience, for these had been the duties of poets since time immemorial. He also sought to defeat his two competitors for the prize in tragedy and be honored as best.

Question: is this a contemporary playwrite?

Answer: Not at all. Sophocles lived from 496 BCE to 406/405 BCE or about 2500 years ago.


Feminism and Antigone

Question: Could Antigone be considered a feminist? Why or why not? What were some of her feministic characteristics?

Answer: Antigone was definitely a feminist. She was not satisfied with the rule of men. She thought there was a higher law that the deities would provide. She was not content to just talk. She followed up her thoughts with action.

Question: How was Antigone different from other noble women of that time?

Answer: Antigone stands out among women of all time. She and her sister Ismene were loyal and effective daughters who took excellent care of their crippled father and eventually brought him a measure of peace and contentment. She realized the importance of the spiritual quality of life and met her fate resigned and content that what she had done was morally right. Her example has set a standard for all future generations. She was an exceptional women in her own time and for all time.

Question: How would you compare Antigone's role as a woman to the roles of other women in Greek literature such as Jocasta and Medea.

Answer: All three were involved with tragedy. Where Medea made tragedy through her willfulness, Jocasta was swept over by it. Antigone faced it. Of the three Antigone was most transported by the tragedy into an ideal realm. For this reason, she is the most heroic. Her goal was ideal and the tragedy that she faced was one of human ignorance. This, truely, is a model for the future. But what about her role as a woman? She was not an obedient woman. Both she and Medea defied the rule of men, but she had an ideal goal that would ultimately benefit the community. Medea was more personal. Antigone was more tragic because her life was cut short, but her goal was more ideal so her heroism was more valuable.

Question: Discuss Antigone as a feminist drama.

Answer: If by feminism you mean the doctrine that advocates or demands for women the same rights as men, then it must be said that during the heroic period no one had any rights. This was a concept foreign to that time. Later, during the archaic and classical period a few men developed some rights, but women never did. In those early days people had to fight for what they had and then continually defend it. No one had a right to anything. The Amazons are often cited as early feminists, but in reality they had no rights, just spoils of war. And the better they fought the more others want to defeat them just to take what they had.

Antigone has little to do with feminism. In fact the drama is made more intense because she was a powerless woman. In spite of her powerless position she decided to take a stand. She risked her life and lost it, but she changed our lives forever. She proved that even a weak woman can be a powerful hero who can change the world forever.

Question: Concerning feminism, what are the differences between Antigone and her sister, Ismeme?

Answer: Ismene was an extrordinarily devoted women, but Antigone had spiritual strength which surpased her and inspired modern femininists.

Question: Is this play feminist or anti-feminist?

Answer: I cannot claim to know much about feminism but many women have been encouraged in their lives by the example of Antigone.

Question: I have recently seen the play and have only two questins if you don't mind answering them for me.What influence has "Antigone" made on modern politics, society, feminism and who in past and present been inspired by the play? Are there places I could find out more? Are ther any new artcles on the subject?


Question: How do Antigone's feminist actions, affect people today

Answer: Since the 1800's when women began to be educated, women have been greatly influenced by Antigone. During the 1800's Greek literature was the standard educational content.

Question: Was Antigone an early feminist?

Answer: Probably not, but her story has encouraged a lot of women since. It is the story of a not very powerful women having a tremendous impact.

Question: what would feminists view antigone as?

Answer: Feminism is outside my area but I think she is a heroine in any event.

Question: Do you think playwrites like Sophocles, Euripides, and Aeschylus were feminists of their time, considering the ways they portrayed Antigone, Medea, and Clytemnestra?

Answer: Not really. As Aristophanes points out in Lysistrata, the world is a pretty miserable place if you do not get along with women. These playwrights were just dealing with this inevitability. But there is also the fact that the characters they portrayed lived in an earlier time when women may have behaved differently.


Details of the Play by Sophocles

Question: Did Antigone seek to be a martyr or was that just a bi-product of her actions?

Answer: Antigone sought justice and became a martyr because it was denied.

Question: was Antigone or Creon the hero in "Antigone"?

Answer: Antigone was the heroine.

Question: was Antigone breaking the laws of the gods by not following the human law? What did the gods think about Antigone burrying(sic) her brother when Kreon made his point clear to leave the body alone?

Answer: Antigone thought she was doing what the gods desired and history has agreed with her. The gods seem also to have agreed with her if you judge by what happened after she was condemned. Such is the message of the last Chorus of the play:

"If any man would be happy, and not broken by Fate,
Wisdom is the thing he should seek, for happiness hides there.
Let him revere the gods and keep their words inviolate,
For proud men who speak great words come in the end to despair,
and learn wisdom in sorrow, when it is too late."

Question: creon and antigone fight

Answer: Not really. Antigony defies Creon, who is the King of Thebes.

Question: what is her piety towards her dead brothers?

Answer: Antigone says: "As for me, I will bury him; and if I die for that, I am content. I shall rest like a loved one with him whom I have loved, innocent in my guilt. For I owe a longer allegiance to the dead than to the living; I must dwell with them forever. You, if you wish, may dishonor the laws which the gods established."

Question: what acts of hubris did Antigone committ(sic)?

Answer: In the play Ismene says: "The impossible should not be tried at all" and Antigone responds: "If you say such things I will hate you, and the dead will haunt you!--But leave me, and the folly that is mine alone, to suffer what I must; for I shall not suffer anything so dreadful as an ignoble death." But even though she knows she will be a heroine, she cannot be condemned. A person should not be condemned for the pride in knowing that what they are doing is right.

Question: I have been trying to ask these five questions and nobody has answers. If there is any way you could answer any of these for me it would be very appreciated.

1.What are some of the important functions of the chorus in a greek tragedy?

The chorus can be witnesses to the action of the drama as they are in the play Antigone. In this role they can interperet aspects of the action to the audience. The chorus can provide the view of the gods, the overview, the poetic view, the contrasting view, the view of the crowd, background, the history, etc.

2.What are Antigone's strengths and weaknesses and does Sophocles portray her in a positive or negative way?

Sophocles portrays her as a tragic heroine. Her strength is her conviction. Her weakness is her mortality.

3.What is the purpose of Creon's suffering in Antigone?

You deserve to suffer when you do something really stupid and then rationalize it as good just because you are king. The last line of the play says: "For proud men who speak great words come in the end to despair, And learn wisdom in sorrow, when it is too late."

4.What major theme does Sophocles introduce in the opening scene of Antigone?

Antigone says: "I owe a longer allegiance to the dead than to the living; I must dwell with them forever."

5.How does the scene of Antigone in which Creon delivers his edict serve to introduce him as a tragic hero?

He is not a hero. Antigone is the hero. But Creon is a powerful person with heroic potential. His statements talk about the law but it is without consideration of justice, only of obedience. When the chorus suggests that the gods may be questioning the judgement of Creon there is a suggestion of an impending struggle and suffering.

Question: What are some of the important functions of the chorus in a Greek tragedy?

Answer: The chorus mainly represent a group of witenesses to the action of the play who interpret the play to the audience. Sometimes the chorus represents omniscient beings and other times it represents mortals.

Question: What are some good quotes that could be used in writing and essay depicting the differences of Antigone and Creon, in Sophocles play Antigone????

Answer: For Creon: "Let him revere the gods and keep their words inviolate, For proud men who speak great words come in the end to despair, and learn wisdom in sorrow, when it is too late."

Arete can best be translated as excellence. The attitude of Antigone fits this description in the speach she makes to her sister: "I wll not urge you. No, if you wished to join ve now I would not let you. Do as you think best. As for me, I will bury him; and if I die for that, I am content. I shall rest like a loved one with him whom I have loved, innocent in my guilt. For I owe a longer allegiance to the dead than to the living; I must dwell with them forever. You, if you wish, may dishonor the laws which the gods have established."


Ancient Art about Scenes of the Drama

Question: can i see art

Answer: Images associated with the story of Antigone:


Life when the Drama was Written

Question: what was she the god of

Answer: Antigone was not a goddess; she was a real person who lived in Thebes about 1300 BCE. The greek playwrights were not happy making up characters and preferred to use stories that had been handed down over the years. There were a number of stories about Antigone because her father was Oedipus and she was a heroine in her own right. We do not know how true the stories were because we cannot compare them to anything that was written down during her life. We do know from archeological discoveries that life at the time Antigone lived was quite different from life 800 years later when her stories were first written down.

Question: why did they dress that way

Answer: The Ancient Greeks had to spin their own thread, weave their own cloth, and sew their own clothes. The clothes that they wore were graceful but easy to weave and sew.

Question: what role did antigone play in natural law versus man made law?

Answer: Our notion of natural law is based on the work of the early Greek philosophers, such as Thales and Parmenides. The playrights may have been aware of this but probably did not affect it. Both groups were more dependent on religious concepts of an earlier time. Religions generally have the idea that deities are the cause of natural phenomena. What was unique about the Greeks was their idea that even the deities were limited in what they can do. At first the limitation was physical in that deities could act in certain locations or sacred realms. Later the realms became more qualitative, as Athena was the goddess of wisdom, and Poseidon was the god of the sea. The deities had to trade powers to get some things done. Later when the deities were restricted further by logic, the notion of Natural law arose and there was some question of whether the deities were needed at all.

The notion of divine law in Antigone is somewhat intermediary in this process. The compulsion that Antigone feels to bury her brother is an ethical one with a divine source. The fact that her brother will soon decay is not an ethical compulsion but a natural law. Antigone compares flawed human law to the ideal of justice, with the assumption that the law of the gods is perfect. Natural law is a compulsion, but it has no moral source, and it is not necessarily ideal. Antigone is compelled to act by her own understanding of the situation. In the case of Natural Law both Ismene and Antigone would have done the same thing irregardless of their understanding. But the notion that Natural Law is somehow ethically correct is a very seductive notion. Aristotle is more difficult to understand because he often makes this assumption.

Question: What was Antigone's physical appearance like?

Answer: Antigone was a strong but refined women of ordinariry build. No one knows what she looks like because she lived more that 700 years before anyone could have sketched her. She wore clothing more of the Mycenean culture than of the classical Greek because that was the time that she lived. This meant that she probably wore a flounced skirt, a girdle, and a vest, not woven but made of string. This was rather than a chiton or pelops that would have been common at the time the play was written.


Eris, the Goddess of Discord

Question: I need info about Eris. All things say is she is goddesses of discord ang started the Trojan war.

Answer: She was personified as an ugly hag. The deities did not like her and left her out of their parties. She is the one deity that Zeus confined to the earth. At the wedding of Peleus and Thetis she got back at them by throwing a golden apple in their midst. The apple was incribed "for the fairest." This started a quarrel among the three main goddesses, Hera, Aphrodite, and Athena as to who was the fairest. They applied to Zeus to judge, but he wisely deferred and sent them to visit Paris. Paris was serving as a shepherd on the slopes of Mount Ida near Troy. His father, Priam, the king of Troy, had sent him there because it had been foretold that he would be the destruction of Troy. What happens next is the "Judgement of Paris" which is detailed at: Click here.

Question: i needa picture of god eris

Answer: Eris to right of charioteer Eris is the goddess of strife.


Humanism in Antigone

Question: How does Antigone (the play)relate to humanism?

Answer: The early Christians demonized the Greek religion and turned to the Bible and other Christian writings for reading and inspiration. But The power of the works of the Greeks has placed them in the forefront of culture and learning in the west. Antigone is a play that is very spiritual. The humanists tended to view the Greeks deities as personifications of natural and human activity rather than as deities representing a religion distinct from Christianity. In this way Antigone could be viewed by faithful Christians without conflict. The power of Antigone and other like plays were then available to build the literary base of the Humanists.

The choral song starting at line 332 is a strong statement of humanism.

Question: What three qoutes show Humanism in Antigone

Answer: Humanism is a mode of thought or action which centers on distinctly human interests or ideals. Ismene, in her argument with Antigone, appeals to humanistic logic to sway her sister. She says "Think how we shall perish, more miserably than all the rest, if in defiance of the law we brave the King's decree and the King's power. No, no, we must remember we were born women, not meant to strive with men. We are in the grip of those stronger than ourselves, and must obey them in this and in things still more cruel." Antigone responds, "You, if you wish, may dishonor the laws which the gods have established." This indicates that Antigone wishes to base her judgement on devine interests rather than merely human ones.

Answer: Humanism is a mode of thought or action which centers on distinctly human interests or ideals. Ismene, in her argument with Antigone, appeals to humanistic logic to sway her sister. She says "Think how we shall perish, more miserably than all the rest, if in defiance of the law we brave the King's decree and the King's power. No, no, we must remember we were born women, not meant to strive with men. We are in the grip of those stronger than ourselves, and must obey them in this and in things still more cruel." Antigone responds, "You, if you wish, may dishonor the laws which the gods have established." This indicates that Antigone wishes to base her judgement on devine interests rather than merely human ones. Humanism assumes that man is the measure of all things. It is not an atheism and a rejection of god but rather the importance of man in the scheme of things.

Another quote: line 72, "I will bury him—it would honor me to die while doing that. I shall rest with him, loved one with loved one, a pious criminal. For the time is greater [75] that I must serve the dead than the living, since in that world I will rest forever."

Another: line 450: "it was not Zeus that published me that edict, and since not of that kind are the laws which Justice who dwells with the gods below established among men."

A strong statement of humanism begins at line 332, "Wonders are many, and none is more wonderful than man. This power spans the sea, even when it surges white before the gales of the south-wind, and makes a path under swells that threaten to engulf him. Earth, too, the eldest of the gods, the immortal, the unwearied, he wears away to his own ends, turning the soil with the offspring of horses as the plows weave to and fro year after year.


The Tragic Hero in Antigone

Question: how was antigone heroic?

Answer: Antigone was heroic because she was both courageous and noble. She chose to disobey a human law because it was mean-spirited and contrary to the wishes of the deities. It is noble to realize when human laws are unjust and unfair. To flaunt and disobey the unjust law is courageous because you run the risk of being punished. In fact Antigone was put to death.

Question: Is Antigone a tragic hero or Creon refering to Aristotle's theory and why?

Answer: "According to Aristotle the tragic hero evokes our pity and terror if he is neither thoroughly good nor thoroughly evil but a mixture of both. The tragic effect is stronger if the hero is more moral than we are. The tragic hero suffers a change in fortune from happiness to misery because of a mistaken act which he performs due to his hamartia-'error of judgement'- one form of hamartia is hubris-'pride' which leads the tragic hero to ignore or violate a divine warning or moral law. The tragic hero evokes our pity because he is not evil and his misfortune is greater than he deserves, and he evokes our fear because we realize we are fallible and could make the same error." Antigone is the heroine. Creon gets what he deserves.

Question: is antigone the tragic hero?

Answer: yes

Question: who is the tragic hero in antigone

Answer: Antigone.

Question: is antigone a hero or villain

Answer: Heroine.

Question: How is Antigone similar/different from other heroines in Greek plays and mythologys?

Answer: Antigone's courage is supreme and completely voluntary. She chooses what is right and makes no compromise with reality. This heroism is unique in literature.

Question: Do you agree that the personalities of Antigone and Oedipus may also be the victims of 20th century society? Can you support the arguments for or against with examples from contemporary dramatic literature?

Answer: Both characters are very relevant, but Antigone was a heroine, not a victim. Oedipus was a victim of his own belief in Fate. He could have made better choices as to how to deal with his past. The meaningfulness of the play today does suggest they are victims today.

Question: what comentary has antigone made about a womens place in the greek world, and a womens place in the western world?

Answer: Even women, who do not strive with men, can be heroes.

Question: Who is more of a tragic character Creon or Antigone and why?

Answer: When the play was over Antigone was dead while Creon could still consider his life. Antigone was a tragic heroine. Creon was a mortal who could consider the nature of his suffering. The play is confusing because the flaw of Creon is obvious while the tragic flaw of Antigone is subtle.

Question: what was the role of antigone in the play?

Answer: Antigone is the tragic heroine who promotes the cause of the gods.

Question: Why is Antigone the hero?

Answer: From a hero we expect courage and noble deeds. We certainly get these from Antigone.

Question: i need some info on why creon is the tragic hero in antigone.

Answer: He is the one who suffers a remarkable change in fortune and learns the lesson. But he is not really a hero. The problem with labeling him the hero is that he is not the agent of the important action. Antigone is the hero because she is the agent of change for the better.

Question: how is antigone the tragic hero?

Answer: Antigone is more of a heroine. Antigone is a good person in a bad situation. She attains our pity because she tries to do good in spite of this. Her real flaw is her mortality more than anything else. She rises above her bad situation by ber bold and thoughtful action. Her directions come from the spiritual world and by the end of the play she seems to merge with that world.

Question: You sound so sure that Antigone is the Tragic hero, but I am not so sure, Can you explain why you think this?

Answer: She is a tragic heroine. The play is a tragedy and she is the heroine of the play. She does a heroic deed and so she is a heroine, but she dies as a result and that is tragic. She does not fit the definition of a tragic hero according to Aristotle.

Question: why do some people think that antigone is not a hero

Answer: She was a woman and she did not fight with weapons.

Question: who is the Tagic Hero of Antigone stor y? And Creon is a Tragic Hero and two Quotes of Creon and some basi information oc Creon?

Answer: Antigone is the tragic heroine. Creon is a tragic hero. Creon was the brother of Jocasta, the wife of Oedipus.

Question: Defense of Creon

Answer: He does not need to be defended. As a tragic hero he is the one that learns from the situation. The tragedy comes from the fact that he thinks he is doing the right thing and only later learns that he does not.

Question: if antigony is the tragic hero, what is her tragic flaw and her bad judgement?

Answer: Her choice to honor her dead brother did result in her death but calling this bad judgement is a little extreme. That she is a heroine is important because it emphasizes that only a weak action is required to bring dramatically positive results.

Question: you seem to get lazy on your answers to the questions that all you say is read the play and you will understand. If you post these questions and answers up, you could at least put up reasonable answers. You cannot just say that creon is not a tragic hero. many people believe he is. Antigone maybe as well, but Creon can be to some other people.

Answer: Sorry. Reading the play numerous times is not lazy, and reading reviews of the play is not lazy. Accusing someone else of being lazy when you have not read the play enough, and have not bothered to read any reviews is lazy. If you find an error cite your source. Creon may be tragic, but he is not a hero. Antigone does the heroic thing of facing up to Creon who is wrong. Creon does not realise he is wrong until Tiresias tells him he is wrong. By then it is too late. Yes Creon fits the definition of tragic hero given by Aristotle, but Aristotle is not the playwright, Sophocles is. And you will find if you write a play following Aristotles rules, people will just laugh at you. There is more to a play than a bunch of stiff rules. But rules do help find meaning in a play. And if you read Antigone a lot, and Aristotle a lot, you really will learn something.

Question: You repeatedly state that Antigone is the tragic heroine, although she does not fit all four of Aristotle's characteristics of the true tragic hero (being good, appropriate, life-like, and consistent). Although she is good (answering to the higher morality of the gods whether then to the state) and consistent in her actions and morals, she is not appropriate or life-like, in the fact she does not act as her status and sex requires her to in Greek society. However, there has been other strong women in other Greek plays as well (Clytemnestra, Electra, etc.) so does Antigone truly fit all the characteristics of a true tragic hero according to Aristotle? Also she does fit these standards of being a tragic hero, in the sense that she is extroadinary rahter then typical, she has a mythic significance (well known to the audience at the time), has nobility, and an error of fragility that leads to her fall, but Creon has these as well. He also has the characteristics of the tragic hero that Aristotle requires as well (except for being morally good). So who is the true tragic hero of this play?

Answer: Antigone does not fit the definition of tragic hero according to Aristotle as well as Creon, but Antigone is the true hero and Creon is the anti-hero or villain. Sophocles knew more about writing plays than Aristotle. And he had no need to stick to Aristotles's rules. But Aristotle's rules are useful because they work in most cases.

Question: I need to know more about Creon being a tragic hero in Antigone.

Answer: Creon is not a tragic hero but he fits Aristotle's definition of a tragic hero. He is an ordinary man who make a mistake of passing a law that the gods abhore. He struggles and suffers and finally learns from his mistake.

Question: What is the definition of a tragic hero?

Answer: A tragic hero is a hero who suffers from a disasterous event. A hero is a person noted for feats of courage or nobility of purpose.

Question: con you help me find a quote in which antigone shows her tragic flaw and what is her tragic flaw

Answer: Antigone's only tragic flaw is that she is mortal. She says "For I owe a longer allegiance to the dead that to the living; I must live with them forever."

Question: What comparisions could be and have been made between Jesus Christ and His resurrection (as an Architype) and Antigone, both the character and story?

Answer: Neither Jesus nor Antigone can properly considered characters. Christians believe in the overwhelming truth of Jesus and the Greeks believed in the historicity of Antigone. But if they were characters then you could apply the philosophy of Shopenhauer. He pointed out that a good tragic hero transcends his demise and lives spiritually in the glow of that transcendence. No doubt some people believe that the rest of the life of either Jesus or Antigone was worth the sacrifice they made in their death to make the world better.

Question: antigone has the role of heroism, where in the story is this shown

Answer: (line 71), "I will bury him—it would honor me to die while doing that. I shall rest with him, loved one with loved one, a pious criminal. For the time is greater [75] that I must serve the dead than the living, since in that world I will rest forever."

Question: Taking a closer look at these two women (Antigone/Medea) what modern-day counterparts do the reflect? eg. are they politians, wives, pop stars, actresses, scientists, housewifes whoc could be such heriones or anti-heriones today?

Answer: I like to compare Antigone to Joan of Arc and Medea to Madam Curie. There are plenty of women heroines, but it is hard for them to get a good press. Medea and Antigone are quite exceptional, yet there are modern women who match them in their own way. Sacajawea, Caroline Herschel, Mary Wollstonecraft, Ethel Smith, Margaret Sanger, Natalie Barney, Virgina Wolf and Georgia O'Keefe are also heroines today.

Question: What is the nature of greek tragedy?

Answer: It is the bringing to life of a heroic act which brings about the downfall of the hero for the benefit of moral instruction.

Question: Why do you say that Antigone is the tragic hero? Following Aristotle's description of a tragic hero in his work "Poetics", Creon is the tragic hero. Please reply.

Answer: The title of the play is 'Antigone' not 'Creon'

Question: Is Antigone the tragic hero?

Answer: Antigone is the tragic heroine.

Question: What error in judgment or frailty in character did the tragic figure display?

Answer: Just because Aristotle said that a tragic figure displayed a character flaw does not mean that a tragic figure has to display a character flaw. Aristotle is very good, but he is not perfect, and he is a philosopher, not a playwright. In the case of Antigone her character flaw is very subtle because her character is so well developed. Sophocles has to be admired for the perfection of his craft. The character flaw of Antigone is her humanity. She is a mortal human who puts her life on the line. The net result is that she loses her life, but she gains a better life for the rest of us. This is the beauty of that tragedy. But of course her character flaw is not really a flaw at all. But it is the way that Aristotle's theory must be interpreted for the play Antigone.


Divine Law and Mortal Law

Question: Describe the idea of the "higher" law. What is the nature of this law? Where does it come from? Give examples of this from the play Antigone.

The ancient Greeks had the idea that even the deties were bound by law. This notion may have arisen out of the concept that there were places of deities and that these involved a realm of influence that actually involved a physical boundary. As the boundary of the realm became more abstract the bounds looked more like rules and laws. This caused the Greeks to look for rules that performed as natural law. To the Greeks higher law was of this sort but it also related to acts that the deities may have performed. Thus priests would also look for sources of pollution and indications of future events. There was some question to the Greeks as to the willful or capricious nature of the devine but as time went on the divinities were regared as less willful. Logically natural law for a realm would have to be worked out by a deity of that realm well before recorded time so the result would be the total fixation of natural law without any devine capriciousness. This, infact, layed the goundwork for modern science. But the popular view remained that higher laws were those provided by a legislation of deities while lower laws were provided by mortal legislation.

The notion of law in Antigone is quite a bit more complicated. The notion of mortal law is clear. 'If you do x then you will be punished for x' is the general for of this law. The idea is that x is a bad thing that will somehow hurt the cause of society. The idea of the punishment will then prevent you from doing x so society will not be hurt.

What Creon says is that "No man can be fully known, in soul and spirit and mind, until he hath been seen versed in rule and law giving." (~173) What he is saying is that the good citizen is the one who obeys the law. He then goes on to say that one dead man who obeyed the law should be glorified while the other dead man who flaunted the law will be punished.

Earlier Antigone states why she will disobey this law. She says "... for I owe a longer allegiance to the dead than to the living...be guilty of dishonouring laws which the gods have stablished in honor." This is obviously a reference to higher law, the divine law. But we know that divine laws are natural laws and do not need punishment. They define the nature of things, which are unyielding. But she references how she should act regardess of threats of punishment. She claims that her acts are to be judged by the divine. First there are mortal laws which mortals must enforce. Then there are divine laws which divinities must enforce, and finally there are divine laws which are part of the nature of things and need no enforcement.

There is a sense in which Antigone is claiming that Creon is overstepping his bounds making a law which sounds like a mortal law but applies to dead men. They cannot benefit from this punishment. Only Persephone has this opportunity to benefit the dead. Ismene even asks 'Spirits Infernal to pardon' her in a plain reference to this process. When she says "I, then, will go to heap the earth above the brother that I love" (~76) she is referencing the realm of Aphrodite and not Persephone. When Antigone says "Die I must" (458) she references a law of nature that relates to the nature of things and requires no punishment. When she says "Hades desires these rites" (~line518) she references Hades and not Persephone as the Infernal Spirit but she does not reference a law of nature.

Later she says "I have heard in other days how dread a doom befell our Phrygian guest, the daughter of Tantalus, on the Syphian heights;" She references Niobe here who was punished by the gods for her moral trangression. Plainly Antigone is saying that divinities will enforce morality that they have declared and that she must obey that morality above the laws of man.

When Teiresias says "stab not the fallen" (~1030) we know that Creon has, indeed, overstepped his bounds and is likely to be punished by the divine.

Question: What is the nature of the law?

Answer: A law implies some generalization in reality. As laws have developed there are three kinds, all touched by the play "Antigone": Political laws, moral laws, and natural laws. Wise men and women spend their whole lives studying each one of these. Political laws are statements by legislators made to regulate society. They must be enforced through a system of judges, courts, punishments, and penal systems. Moral laws are statements by priests and counselors as to how one's life is best organized. Natural laws relate to the nature of things and relate to how we can adapt to our environment and take advantage of the things around us. All these laws have been related to the divine at one time or another and this makes them of a higher nature. The ten commandments are a set of political laws handed by God to Moses. Many Christians feel the Bible is the word of god and the last word on moral action. Some even say if you do not follow the bible you will go to Hell. In the Bible it is said that God created the heaven and earth and in doing so provide each thing with its proper nature as revealed by natural law. Antigone, of course, lived without the Bible and before Christ so her behavior cannot be interpreted in the Christian sense. Yet she does seem to provide a basis for moral action. In the Greek world the goddess Athena encouraged the discovery of moral bahavior through rational thought and discovery. Antigone seems to participate in this process by arguing with her protagonists. In the end we seem to feel that she has won her arguments even though she is dead. Thus she become a tragic heroine and an exemplar of morality through this process.



Question: What clothes did Phidippides wear?

Answer: Read about him at: Click here

Runners in Ancient Greece are always pictured naked. A picture of two messengers follow: Click here

Question: I was told that Nyx is goddess of the night in Greece. Is it right? I'd like to know more about Nyx's story.

Question: The Ancient Greeks did not believe that the gods created the Universe. Rather they believed that the Universe created the gods. Night was there at the beginning when Heaven(Uranus) and Gaea(Earth) united to produce the Titans, the race of gods before Zeus. Nyx is a personification rather than an individual personality.

Question: i need some pictures of a woman in every day close and amap of greece

Answer: See A Glossary of Clothing Terms

A map of ancient Greece, with the old names, is available at: Click Here

The Hellenic Ministry of Culture has a map at: Click here.

Question: How does the quote "Man is the measure of all things" relate to greek art?

Answer: Ancient Greek art is almost exclusively illustrations of human activity. There are few landscapes, flower arrangements, views of architecture, and other scenes common in other cultures.


Question: what were womens rights and responsibilities of women in classical greece.

Answer: They had no rights. For details see politics in the Menu directory below. Their responsibilities were to bear and raise children. They usually managed the house and its affairs.

Question: What are the arguements for creon vs antigone beliefs?

Answer: All Creon's arguments were pretty superficial and conservative. He wanted to punish the already dead agressor so he ordered the body mistreated. Antigone believed that when a person died the body belonged to the divine and should not be defiled. When Antigone defied Creon, he condemned her for not following his command.

Questions: what was Ismene and Antigone in the play

Answer: Ismene and Antigone were the sole surviving daughters of Oedipus and Jocasta. They had just been notified that their two brothers had killed each other, one atacking Thebes and the other defending it. Creon, the king of Thebes, demanded that they celebrate the defending brother, and leave the other brother to rot.

Question: What is the central conflict in Antigone"

Answer: It is the conflict between human law which makes sense at the moment, and divine law, which is true for all time.

Question: relationship with father

Answer: Antigone was devoted to her father and took very good care of him. He was blind so this was a difficult task. She became involved with politics only after her father died and no longer needed her care.

Question: Do you know anything about the ethical and moral values of Antigone, and can you relate this to Ancient Greek life?

Answer: Antigone provides reasoned arguments for her actions. Her reference to the gods indicates the ideal source of her arguments. This is consistent with Aristotle's notion that "For if the gods have any care for human affairs, as thay are thought to have, it would be reasonable both that they should delight in that which was best and most akin to them (i.e. reason) and that they should reward those who love and honor this most, as caring for the things that are dear to them and acting both rightly and nobly."

Question: Compare and contrast Creon and Antigone regarding their attitudes toward affairs of the state and loyalty to the family and humanitarian principles.

Answer: Creon has a simplistic view of affairs of state. He thinks that the person in charge is always right and does not need to consult anyone else. He is a family man, but he is only concerned about his family. Antigone takes a more long term view. Antigone is attached not so much to her family as the ideal 'family'. She uses her reason to arrive at a colclusion that is ideal rather than humanitarian.

Question: What are Atigone's leadership qualities?

Answer: Antigone led by example rather than by command. She knew what she was doing was difficult so she relieved others of the responsibility of following. But when she was done she had left an example that everyone could follow.

Question: what is the role of women?

Answer: Iamene says: "we were born women, not meant to strive with men." so women are given a more submissive role. And yet Antigone is not content to be submissive to human law when it conflicts with divine law.

Question: How are Medea and Jocasta representative of the women of their time?

Answer: All we have are the stories which the classical Greeks wrote down. We assume that they must have filled in details from their own society but in general the stories were about people who lived before the Trojan war. The Greek authors did not like made up stories so they mad stories about these ancient peoples. But all they had were epics and myths that had been retold by word of mouth. What they did then was to take the main themes from the old stories and fill in details from their own society. For example, Medea and Jocasta were probably very contrained in their action by religious ritual. Yet, during the classical period most of this ritual is gone. Women like Medea and Jocasta must have been freer to act than the classical women because of the way they behaved. According to recods the women in the classical period were confined to their homes, while neither Medea nor Jocata had this restriction.

what was role of chorus in Antigone

In Antigone the chorus is the voice of the gods who look down from heaven and see all.

Question: What is the conflict Antigone have with Zeus, Creon, Ismene, and the law

Answer: "And a thing abhorred by Zeus is the boastful tounge of the haughty" and so her brother died. Creon "...published to the city that none shall bury him, none shall mourn him;...." Ismene says "We are in the grip of those stronger than ourselves, and must obey them in this and in things still more cruel." And Antigone says "As for me, I will bury him; and If I die for that, I am content."

Question: can u please gice me a brief outline on the play, the characters and general story line?

Answer: The answer to the previous question works for this one.

Question: what is the theme of sophocles' Antigone

Answer: Justice.

Question: From whose perspective are we seeing this story from in ode 3

Answer: This part starts out "But what is this? -- what portent from the gods is this? I am bewildered, for surely this maiden is Antigone." It is easy to interpret this as the perspective of the deities.

Question: How is the Greek idea of fate portrayed in Antigone?


Question: What is Antigone's position against Creon? What principle is operating here?

Antigone is obeying the law of the divine which is above the law of any man like Creon.

Question: In what way does politics relate to this play?

Answer: The play deals with the consequences of arbitrary laws passed by governing agencies. The play is a warning to politicians not to be arbitrary, but to consider the laws that are passed.

Question: I read it all and didn't find any information that I was looking for and I still am wondering how you would characterize Antigone using quotes from the story.

Answer: Here are some quotes from the drama:

Question: What is Haemon's role in the play?

Answer: Haemon loved Antigone and wanted to marry her. When his father condemned her to death he committed suicide. This is part of Creon's punishment for forcing a stupid law on his city.

Question: who or what was antigone?

Answer: In the dramas of Ancient Greece Antigone was the daughter of Oedipus, King of Thebes, who lived before the Trojan war.

Question: would antigone be a great role model to women today?

Answer: Very few men or women would be able to live up to Antigone's standards. But standards can make the world a better place.

Question: Antigone is portrayed as a martyr and heroine for her comittment to upholding the ideal laws. Though she was viewed as the ideal women in the play, what were Sophocles' views on women and womens rights? Was he making a statement in support of womens rights/equality? Or was Sntigone the ideal in the play but a woman who would have been ostracized by Sohpocles and the men of his time?

Answer: I do not think Antigone is portrayed as an ideal woman even though she was a heroine. I doubt the Sophocles had any views on women's rights. What he did was to take a story from ancient times and make it into a drama. The story, no doubt, had a moral message, but we do not know what it was. We do know the stories which the Classical Greeks told came from a different time when women were freer to act, and incidently, freer to suffer. Men in Sophocles time did not ostracize women, but they did talk about them rather than talk with them. As today men wanted women to do things for them and women wanted men to do things for them. But for the most part we only see what the men wanted because they were more literate and wrote things down.

Question: what are creon's arguments

Answer: Punish the bad dead people by defiling them and once this is law, obey it. Creon argues that laws are to be obeyed.

Question: How was Creon a tragic character?

Answer: He made bad decisions that later made him suffer.

Question: What was the impact that the character had on the female society?

Answer: In ancient Greece dramas were part of a male religious festival which women normally did not attend. Also they were not works of fiction but rather stories which had been handed down for about 800 years. In the Greek society they were more a reflection of what the Greek men believed. Any effect on women came later when the play was widely read by women. In 19th century America, for example, the play was widely read by women, and seems to have shaped the ideas of feminism in this country.

Question: what are the many conflicts throughout the play?

Answer: These make for points of interest. For example devine laws are opposed to human laws, person against self, person against deity, person against person.

Question: where can i find essays of "antigone" ?

Answer: Many of the different versions of Antigone will have different essays as an introduction.

Question: What is the feeling expressed most in the chorus?

Answer: The beauty of the chorus is emphasized by the sonorus and melancholy meditations about the nature of man, the victory of Thebes, the family curse, the mythological parallels to Antigone's fate, and Dionysus, the source of the woes of Cadmus' house.

Question: where can i find an outline on the storie?

Answer: Sophocles' Antigone

Question: I am doing a project on Antigone for school, i need five facts and am haveing a hard time finding them, could you give me a site or five facts like when born, died, what did in life? thank you for your time.

Answer: Five facts from Antigone about Antigone:

  1. Antigone was the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta.
  2. Antigone and her sister Ismene took care of their father after he blinded himself.
  3. Antigone had two brothers, Polyneices and Eteocles, who killed each other.
  4. Antigone buried her brother Polyneices even though she was forbidden by law to do this.
  5. Antigone was condemned to death, but she killed herself.

Question: when and where was antigone first produced?

Answer: Antigone was first produced before 442 BCE in Athens.

Question: summary of Antigony

Answer: Click here

Question: When Antigone and Creon are arguing, what is Antigone's manner towards him. Is she outright defiant and proud, not backing down from her actions? I would like to know if because of women's low position, is she respectful towards Creon, perhaps a bit afraid of him, or is she outright proud and defiant, not backing down?

Answer: Because Creon is king anything besides submission is defiance. Respect to a king means submission. But Antigone finds strength to resist Creon in her sporitual values.

Question: Can you give me examples of how the play Antigone reveals the culture of Ancient greece?

Answer: In line 22 Antigone says "Eteocles, they say, he has laid in the earth with due observance of right and custom, that all may be well with him among the shades below." This means that the culture believed that proper burial of the body meant the soul could rest, while improper burial meant an unrested soul, that would either be itself tormented, or would torment others.

Question: How does Antigone compare to Creon?

Answer: Antigone was an ex-princess guided by spiritual matters. Creon was a new king guided by the desire to organize quickly.

Question: How are dramatic techniques such as irony, fatal flawand fate used in Antigone?

Answer: This is a good topic for a student research paper. It is easily answered by reading the play.

Question: how does the role of women in ancient greece relate to "Antigone"?

Answer: Antigone does not fit the standard expectation.

Question: Is there a qoute about guilt?


But at the end of the play is this: "Judgement is the greater part of good fortune Just as it is necessary not to be disrespectful to the gods - For the great words of the excessive boaster Are repayed by great blows And this, as one grows old, teaches judgement."

Question: Antigone describes a conflict between oikos, or household , and polis, or the city state. Which is more important according to the play?

Answer: This question misses the point I think. Rather focus on the contrast between what is and what ought to be. Familial love is spiritual, but allegiance to the state can be spiritual too. Creon has not put the state in this context though. Antigone draws a connection between the oikos values and the decisions of the devine when she states (line 450) "since it was not Zeus that published me that edict, and since not of that kind are the laws which Justice who dwells with the gods below established among men. Nor did I think that your decrees were of such force, that a mortal could override the unwritten [455] and unfailing statutes given us by the gods." So though burial may be a private value of the oikos in this context Antigone is contrasting civil and divine law rather than civil law verses private custom.

Question: who really suffers in the play antigone

Answer: Antigone, Creon, Ismene, the rest of their family and the whole city of Thebes.

Question: What happened to Ismene after "Antigone?"

Answer: There is story about Tydeaus attacking Ismene and her lover and Ismene was killed. But this story would have come before the play Antigone.

Question: Is there any modern art inspired by this play?

Answer: Antigone has been widely inspirational, but I have no specifics. Routou wrote a tragedy in 1638. Alfieri wrote a tragedy in the 18th century. J. Anouilh wrote a drama in 1944.

There are also paintings and sculptures on the subject:

Question: do you know the writer who translated Antigone into French during WWII, adding many anti-Nazi references?

Answer: See: Click here You are refering to Jean Anouilh's play Antigone which is discussed at chick here.

Question: How were Antigone and Creon alike?

Answer: They both operated on principles.

Question: What makes her so desirable

Answer: Her service and her principles.

Question: Was there any use of irony in this play

Answer: Irony is an incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs. In Drama an effect is achieved by leading the audience to understand an incongruity, while the actors remain ignorant. One example of an irony is that a princess like Antigone is expected to marry well, but even though she acts nobly, she is condemned to death and killed.

Question: conflicts

Answer: The main conflict is between human law and divine law.

Question: what was creons view of leadership

Answer: Laws of the king must be obeyed.

Question: what background are we given in the opening scene?

Answer: Antigone and Ismene meet on a plain outside the city of Thebes. Their two brothers have killed each other in single combat. Eteocles held the kingship of the city while Polyneices challenged his rule with an army sympathetic to him. There is no discussion as to which claim for the kingship might be correct.

Question: Divine law versus human law

Answer: Yes. Which would you prefer to obey? Divine law is based on ideas while human law is a practical effort.

Question: Where can I find the script for the 1944 version of Antigone?

Answer: Jean Anouilh's play Antigone was first performed in Paris at the Théâtre de l'Atelier on February 6, 1944, during the Nazi occupation

Question: What is Antigone's family tree?

Answer: Zeus mated with Io to produce Epaphus. Epaphus bore Lybia who mated with Poseidon to produce Agenor. Agenor bore Cadmus who mated with Harmonia to produce Polydorus. Labdacus was the son of Polydorus and the father of Laius. Agave was the child also of Cadmus and Harmonia. Pentheus was the son of Agave and father of Menoeceus. The daughter of Menoeceus, Jocasta married Laius to produce Oedipus. Oedipus married Jocasta to produce Eteocles, Polyneices, Antigone, and Ismene. Creon was Jocasta's sister and Antigone's uncle.

Question: How does Antigone show the lowly status of women in Thebes at the time of the play?

Answer: This question is on the wrong track. Antigone demonstrates the heights of status that women can attain though simple acts. But Antigone was not just any woman; she was a princess. How can the behavior of a princess be generalized to all women? Although that she is humbled before a king is no surprise. The fact is that most men would also be humbled. What time of the play is to be considered? Is it just before the Trojan war or is it when it was written? The play was written by an Athenian. It is more likely to show the lowly status of women in Athens about 441 BCE when it was written. Ismene states (line 61): "No, we must remember, first, that ours is a woman's nature, and accordingly not suited to battles against men; and next, that we are ruled by the more powerful, so that we must obey in these things and in things even more stinging." This seems the ideal for women expressed by men in classical Athens. But in Mycenaen times when Antigone may have lived women may have had a different role. A princess such as Antigone could have had high regard as a priestess.

Question: could you intepret Antigone as a male character?

Answer: Yes you could, but most males lack her nuturing qualities. In ancient Greece at the festival of Dionysus her role would have been played by a male.

Question: What are some of the conflicts and connections that Antigone and Creon have

Answer: Creon wants to disrespect Antigone's brother, and Antigone wants to respect him.

Question: how was the theme of civil disobedience shown in Antigone?

Answer: Antigone broke a law that she knew was defective.

Question: an overview of the play antigone incorporating a synopsis, character description, setting description, and theme analysis.

Answer: Click here

Question: How did she go against the norms?

Answer: Her sister, Ismene, said that women must obey men who are stronger, but Antigone disobeyed and broke the law. Creon actually broke the norms by passing a law contrary to custom. Antigone followed the norm of burial but broke the norm of obeying the law.

Question: do you have any facts on greek playwrights

Answer: The most famous Greek playrights were Aeschylus, Aristophanes, Eripides, and Sophocles. We have samples of the work of these. There are lso surviving plays by Menander. There were many other playwrights but their work has not survived. See click here

Question: How does the greek drama Antigone display Arete' (human excellence)?

Answer: Antigone seems to be a pretty excellent person.

Question: How.did.Angigony.display.individualism

Answer: She thought things out for herself.

Question: What ways do the female confront and flaunt the law

Answer: Antigone found a human law which was contrary to her notion of a divine law. She violated the human law and obeyed the divine law. She did not resist prosecution but argued for divine law during her trial. She accepted her fate as a result.

Question: What is the theme of the play?

Answer: The superiority of divine law.

Question: what is the influence of the gods on the course of events that take place in the play "antigone"

Answer: The deities inspired Antigone to take her stand. The Greek deities represent personifications of experience. So they provide the reality against which the ideality of the drama takes place.

Question: What is the signifance of freedom in Antigone?

Answer: The real question is to what extent are we free to choose the things we are fated to do. Was Antigone's death fated or did she choose it when she choose to disobey the law? The fact is that every life is packed with predispositions that seem to determine our future. The choices are never as big as we would like. But even small choices can be important and can have large consequences in the world. Would the world have been a better place had Antigone chosen to obey the law? As it is many have been inspired to go beyond their fate and accomplish much by the example that Antigone has set.

Question: What is antigone's suffering?

Answer: Antigone has reached a point in her spiritual life were she is beyond suffering. The cause of this suffering is given in line 49 by Ismene: "Think, sister, how our father perished in hatred and infamy, when, because of the crimes that he himself detected, he smashed both his eyes with self-blinding hand; then his mother-wife, two names in one, with a twisted noose destroyed her life; lastly, our two brothers in a single day, both unhappy murderers of their own flesh and blood, worked with mutual hands their common doom. And now we, in turn—we two who have been left all alone"

Question: where can i find arete in Antigone the play?

Answer: Antigone has spiritual strength which transcends any concept of physical strenth. Her arete is in her spirit. This is evident in line 72 when she says: "I will bury him—it would honor me to die while doing that. I shall rest with him, loved one with loved one, a pious criminal. For the time is greater that I must serve the dead than the living, since in that world I will rest forever."

Question: Can you give me 3 differences between creon and antigone.

Answer: Creon is a man, a king, and very practical. Antigone is a woman, a princess, and very spiritual.

Question: Is Creon a "good ruler"

Answer: Creon is a bad ruler.

Question: How does Creon compare to Odysseus as king?

Answer: Odysseus is a wise and heroic king. Creon is a very inexperienced king who gets messed up right away.

Question: Does Creon live up to Plato's ideal of the best ruler?

Answer: Hardly.

Question: compare and contrast the role of women in roman and greek drama

Answer: I know nothing about Roman drama. It should be noted that the tragedies and comedies of ancient Greece had a dramatic impact on the Roman Drama but that Roman Drama had a lot more variety.

Question: more pictures of all her roles?

Answer: Antigone was not a popular art subject.

Question: Compare and contrast Antigone and her sister Ismene. Please make direct reference for the text to explain/defend your statements

Answer: It is only necessary to read the first two pages of the play to answer this question. Antigone and Ismene are both extraodinarily kind and gentle women. But Antigone has reached a state of spirituality which exceeds that of her sister and the vast majority of people living and dead.

Question: Although Oedipus is not a character in the play "Antigone," he is a major force in Antigone's life/death. How is the fate of Antigone affected by her father? Give evidence from the play to support your response.

Answer: Antigone grew spiritually as a result of her father's mistakes. She says (line 74) "I owe a longer allegiance to the dead than to the living; I must live with them forever."

Question: what is antigone realism

Answer: Antigone was an idealist, but for Plato this was real.

Question: How would you present the characters of Antigone and Creon on stage?

Answer: The play is quite simple requiring little in the way of costume or sets. Today I would cast Antigone as a woman and Creon as a man, but originally two men were used.

Question: Dicuss the theme of Loyalty in Antigone

Answer: Antigone seems more loyal to the dead than the living, but her real effect is on the yet unborn.

Question: how did antigone die?

Answer: She hung herself because she had no idea that Creon would recant and she did not want to suffer.

Question: why is this play required in some law schools?

Answer: The play is about law.

Question: we must consider the historical context in order to fully understand and appreciate a play. Show to what extent you think this is so in the play Antigone.

Answer: Fortunately, Antigone can be read a many levels and it is not necessary to fully understand this play in order to appreciate it. But, as with other great works of literature it benefits from a deeper analysis. For example the following quote from line 79: "I am going to heap the earth above the brother whom I love" could be interpreted as being an example of familial love. But in those times it was believed you would be haunted if you did not properly bury your loved ones. This makes Creon's law even more cruel.

Question: was kreon over antigone not just as king over subject, but as man over woman?

Answer: This was not as important as that she was his niece and she was betrothed to his son.

Question: do youthink that antigone's actions are a way of resentment towards creont becauste of his abuse of political power?

Answer: Not really. She just did what she thought was right.

Question: is creon right or wrong?

Answer: Both. That is what provides tension in the play.

Question: is the portrayal of women negative in antigone or we are reading too many contemprary issues in the play

Answer: The beauty of the play is that it is so primitive that it will always be relavant. The fact that you are reading too many contempory issues into it is not bad.

Question: Why did Creon quote "Suffering is the only school teacher"?

Answer: Some people only notice pain.

Question: how is hubris used in the play antiogone

Answer: Creon has it all. Hubris means extreme pride or arrogance. This is evident when Creon says (line 205): "but all must leave him unburied and a sight of shame, with his body there for birds and dogs to eat. This is my will, and never will I allow the traitor to stand in honor before the just."

Question: Where is fate shown in the play, and how is it important to the play

Answer: Ismene has a good attitude for fate when she says (line 39): "Sister, sister! -- if we are caught in this web, what can I do to loose or tighten the knot?"

Question: what arguments support creon? besides the law?

Answer: Though Creon is the law, he supports his position with believeable arguments which are easy to find if you read the play.

Question: critical analisys

Answer: A critical analysis of the play Antigone might include the following points:

Question: how was antigony an individual?

Answer: She thought for herself, was willing to defend her reasoning, and she did what no one else was willing to do.

Question: What acts of hubris did antigone commit?

Answer: Antigone was not involved with hubris.

Question: where can i find a picture of the character sentry in the play antigone?

Answer: Click here. The second from left figure could be a sentry.

Question: What quotes demonstrate that Antigone is going against the powerful ruler Creon?

Answer: Ismene says (line 44), "You plan to bury him—when it is forbidden to the city?" And Antigone replies, "Yes, he is my brother, and yours too, even if you wish it otherwise. I will never be convicted of betraying him.".

Question: What was the financing of Antigone back then?

Answer: Antigone was presented as a part of a religious festival financed by the cult of Dionysus.

Question: What about the costume and masks like and what were they made out of?

Answer: The masks were carved of wood and the costumes were their everyday clotes woven of linen or wool.

Question: how were the actors picked ou for the parts

Answer: The actors had to project their voices very loudly, and they also had to be able to remember their parts. The ancient Greeks liked contests so there might have been a contest.

Question: What kind of music was used back then?

Answer: Lyre and flute music. One reference compares it to the sound of a cicada.

Question: What exactly was the art og antigone?

Answer: Anstigone is a drama that has stood the test of time and is still an important play to read. At this point it is important to figure out just what is good about Antigone so it can be incorporated into other things. But exactly what that is remains a matter of discussion.

Question: discuss the idea of fate as it is expressed in Antigone. Are Antigone and Creon the helpless victims of fate, or do they freely choose their own destinies?

Answer: The Greeks' concept of fate is one of the great contributions of of their culture to modern thought.

When Patroclus in the Iliad (Book, XVI) is about to die he says to Hector: "Hector, vaunt as you will, for Jove the son of Saturn and Apollo have vouchsafed you victory; it is they who have vanquished me so easily, and they who have stripped the armour from my shoulders; had twenty such men as you attacked me, all of them would have fallen before my spear. Fate and the son of Leto have overpowered me, and among mortal men Euphorbus; you are yourself third only in the killing of me. I say further, and lay my saying to your heart, you too shall live but for a little season; death and the day of your doom are close upon you, and they will lay you low by the hand of Achilles son of Aeacus."

Agamemnon speaks about his mistake: (Iliad: Book, XIX)"Then Agamemnon spoke, rising in his place, and not going into the middle of the assembly. "Danaan heroes," said he, "servants of Mars, it is well to listen when a man stands up to speak, and it is not seemly to interrupt him, or it will go hard even with a practised speaker. Who can either hear or speak in an uproar? Even the finest orator will be disconcerted by it. I will expound to the son of Peleus, and do you other Achaeans heed me and mark me well. Often have the Achaeans spoken to me of this matter and upbraided me, but it was not I that did it: Jove, and Fate, and Erinys that walks in darkness struck me mad when we were assembled on the day that I took from Achilles the meed that had been awarded to him. What could I do? All things are in the hand of heaven, and Folly, eldest of Jove's daughters, shuts men's eyes to their destruction. She walks delicately, not on the solid earth, but hovers over the heads of men to make them stumble or to ensnare them.

This is the background against which the fate of Antigone must be judged. The ancient Greeks were aware of the fact that some natural events could be predicted while others were affected by choice. The question is which events are in each category.

Question: how did antigony kill herself?

Answer: According to Sophocles she was burried alive and she hung herself while buried, but there are other stories. Another story is that Haemon secreted her away and only later killed her in a double suicide after their son was grown.

Question: what word is based upon the title

Answer: Perhaps you mean antagonist? But this is from anti- against and agone meaning contest.

Question: What was the nature, function and relation of god in antigone

Answer: There is much to learn about spirituality in Antigone because this is a central issue in the play. But you cannot ignore the larger question of What is the nature, funtion and relation of god. I use the lower case only to be more general. In fact in the case of Antigone one must speak of gods and goddesses. Most, but not all the references are to Zeus, but Hephaestos is referenced in 124. And Helios is referenced in 105. Victory (Nike) is mentioned in 149.

More substantive things are said of Zeus

There are general statements about the gods:

A god in ancient Greece was often viewed as a personification of some abstract force of nature, such as a whirlwind, which even in our science-based culture has much poetic meaning. But god is also related to the sense of personal experience and those things that cannot be explained with science. Another aspect that we owe to the Greeks is an ideal perfection which contrasts with our ordinary experience. The deities become a pure abstraction out of our flawed and messy experience. The fact is that the deities were a very real part of the ancient Greek experience that made experience for them a coherent whole. Religion is not so different for us today.

Question: What are the ultimate values of greeks from reading Antigone

Answer: line 1347 - "If any man would be happy, and not broken by Fate, Wisdom is the thing he should seek, for happiness hides there. Let him revere the gods and keep their words inviolate,..."

Question: What was occurring in Athens at the timethe play was written ?

Answer: The play was written in the time between the first and second Peloponesian wars. Athens had just founded a colony at Thurii in southern Italy and Thucydides (son of Melesias) had just been ostracized.

Question: I have to do an essay comparing Antigone and Medea. I state that "Both Antigone and Medea, two tragic characters, risk their lives by going against the King Creon. The only differentce is one is seeking revenge [medea] while the other is seeking something more righteousness-justice." SO, i was wondering if you could help me find how to portray Antigone and justice (quotes?facts?) thanks! [+ if you happen to know anything about medea too] Thanks a lot!!

Answer: Note that these are two separate Creons. Antigone and Creon are in Thebes while Medea and Creon are in Corinth. Medea gives Creon little respect and defeats him easily. Antigone actually risks her life. Both women have powerful wills but Medea has powerful abilities. Medea is after justice also, but because there were no suitable laws, she must be satisfied with revenge. Antigone is very rational in her action while Medea is very emotional. Antigone helps many but hurts herself. Medea helps many also, but she hurts some too.

Question: What do you think the most honest character in the play was and why?

Answer: I am grateful to Antigone for what she did.

Question: What god made the law that a body must be buried or it is to walk the earth for eternity?

Answer: In the Christian religion God creates the heaven and the earth, but for the Greeks Heaven and Earth created the gods and goddesses. Ultimately the nature of things traces back to that creation. What you are asking about is not so much a law as the nature of reality. The Greeks thought it was a law of the gods because they observed it as a fact of reality. In Homer's Odyssey, 11.60 Elpenor states: "Son of Laertes, sprung from Zeus, Odysseus of many devices, an evil doom of some god was my undoing, and measureless wine. When I had lain down to sleep in the house of Circe I did not think to go to the long ladder that I might come down again, but fell headlong from the roof, and my neck [65] was broken away from the spine and my spirit went down to the house of Hades. Now I beseech thee by those whom we left behind, who are not present with us, by thy wife and thy father who reared thee when a babe, and by Telemachus whom thou didst leave an only son in thy halls; for I know that as thou goest hence from the house of Hades [70] thou wilt touch at the Aeaean isle with thy well-built ship. There, then, O prince, I bid thee remember me. Leave me not behind thee unwept and unburied as thou goest thence, and turn not away from me, lest haply I bring the wrath of the gods upon thee. Nay, burn me with my armour, all that is mine, [75] and heap up a mound for me on the shore of the grey sea, in memory of an unhappy man, that men yet to be may learn of me. Fulfil this my prayer, and fix upon the mound my oar wherewith I rowed in life when I was among my comrades.’"

Question: what are the arguments creon vs antigone

Answer: Creon's arguments are practical but superficial while Antigone argues in a spiritual mode.

Question: Discuss the conflict of youth and age in Antigone and how it is the central theme of the work?

Answer: This question is difficult because the main theme of the work seems to be carried by the last two sentences: "If any man would be happy, and not broken by Fate, Wisdom is the thing he should seek, for happiness hides there. Let him revere the gods and keep their words inviolate, For proud men who speak great words come in the end to despair, and learn wisdom in sorrow, when it is too late." According to this the theme is wisdom and pride. But of course wisdom is associated with age, and so there is a connection. But in the play Antigone is young and wise while Creon is old and ignorant. Both characters had pride, which causes the conflict.

Question: Is Antigone a tragedy by Aristotle's definition? Why or why not?

Answer: This is a good term paper topic becuase you get to read Antigone and Aristotle's Poetics.

Question: What elements were present on the stage when the antigone was played ?

Answer: Men dressed in street clothes presented the play with masks. No set was required.

Question: Could show me a diagram or description which shows where the actor and chorous perform on the stage ?

Answer: The stage is an open space before the house of Creon. The house is at the back with three doors in it. On the right the city is to be supposed; to the left is the Theban plain with hills rising above it. All action is in the middle of the stage with the chorus around it.

Question: I would like to know if you could send me all the information you have on the pagan goe NIGHT

Answer: It is religious prejudice to refer to the deities of the Ancient Greeks as pagan. The period that I cover is prior to the Christian period and the Greeks had no knowledge of Christianity. They thought that their worship was correct and verified by their experience. If you realise this then a study of the Greek religion has much more meaning. The Greeks were quite intelligent and many of their observations on religion are extremely important and not something that can be set aside as ignorance.

Nyx was goddess of the night. She was not mentioned by Homer or Hesiod. Pausanius metions that she was the mother of the Nemeses and the nurse of the gods of sleep and death.

Question: Both creon and antigone seem to be the tragic characters. Who is the real tragic character in the story and why?

Answer: Both are tragic. To resolve this you must establish a valid definition of tragedy and then show, using examples from the play, who fits the best. The ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle provided a definition in his Poetics.

Question: what is some conventions used in the play and what are there importance?

Answer: Conventions are symbols and ways of understanding. The stage is a convention for a plain. A mask is a convention for a personality. Read the play to identify conventions. Conventions are used to help the viewer understand the action. Details of each convention can be provided.

Question: what is the role of the messenger in the story?

Answer: The messenger describes action that cannot be acted.

Question: Themes of Antigone and a full description of each

Question: Choral odes often generalize a given problem specific to the play's action into a statement about human life as a whole. Is that the case here? If so, then is the chorus alluding to Antigone, or to Creon, or to both?

Answer: Both. The chorus is not so much generalizing as interpreting.

Question: Can you explain how the male is regarded as superior and the female is regarded as submissive in Antigone?

Answer: Line 61 Ismene says: "No, no we must remember we were born women, not meant to strive with men. We are in the grip of those stronger than ourselves, and must obey them in this and in things still more cruel." The play demonstrates to power of reason because reason allows a weak women to stand up to a powerful man.

Question: how did this play or other ancient greek plays actually affect the people living at the time it was written?

Answer: Not only is Antigone one of the greatest works ever written, it is referenced in Aristotles's Poetics another of the greatest works ever written. Further effects are difficult to document. Kitto makes some interesting comments (p 233): "In the Frogs of Aristophanes Aeschylus is made to attack Euripides for his 'immorality'; Euripides, he says, has put on the stage such abandoned sluts 'that decent women have hanged themselves'" and "The ancient Life of Aeschylus tells the story that the Chorus of Furies in the Eumenides, was so terrific that boys died of fright and women had miscarriages."

Question: what were the roles of antigone and ismene as women.

Answer: Antigone was the antagonist and Ismene was the realist in the play. If they had a real life then they were princesses and were required to do little. But they chose to take care of their invalid father.

Question: why does antigonye think that she is obeying the laws of the gods by defying creon?what role do the gods play in this play?

Answer: Greek drama was performed for a religious festival and has the character of explaining Greek religion to the audience. But religion, to the Greeks, was not a belief system, as it is to us. Rather it was a matter of getting along in the world, about knowing the nature of things. Burial is a spiritual matter that had long been associated with the deities but was based on observations of what the deities expected. Certain kinds of burial were found to be beneficial to the community and were felt to find favor with the deities. What Creon did was to ignore these practices and make a human law that was contrary to them. Antigone was thus following the accepted practice of the community, while Creon was rejecting it in this case. Later in the play the blind priest Teiresias says to Creon (line 1025): "Yield to the dead, I counsel you, and do not stab the fallen; what prowess is it to slay the slain anew?" He is stating that the deities have sided with Antigone.

Question: where can i find information on productions of Antigone?


Question: How old was Antigone when she got killed?

Answer: My guess is about 16.

Question: What was the names of Oedipus' parents?

Answer: Jocasta and Laius were the parents of Oedipus. This same Jocasta was the wife of Oedipus and their children were Eteocles, Polyneices, Antigone, and Ismene. Homer, Odyssey,11.271 refers to Epicaste as the name the mother of Oedipus. Homer mentions Eteocles and Polyneices but not Antigone or Ismene.

Question: What is a good quote from Antigone that displays Creon's stubborness and ignorance to what others thought or the laws that he defied (a quote that displays he power)?

Answer:Line 310-

Creon:...I will teach you that ill-gotten gains bring more men to ruin than
Guard: May I speak? Or shall I turn and go?
Creon: Can you not see that your voice offends me?
Guard: Are your ears troubled or your soul?
Creon: And why should you try to fix the seat of my pain?
Guard: The doer of the deed inflames your mind, but I, only your ears.
Creon: Bah, you are a babler born!
Guard: I may be that, but I never did this deed.
Creon: You did, for silver; but you shall pay with your life.
Guard: It is bad when a judge misjudges.

Question: what is the dispute about and why does antigone defieher uncles law?

Answer: Antigone wishes to respect her dead brother, while Creon wishes to punish him for attacking his city.

Question: How is "justice" the main theme in Antigone?

Answer: Sophocles seems to think wisdom is the main theme. But of course justice is wisdom about human affairs. The difficulty between Creon and Antigone does seem to be a particularly human affair. So Antigone must be about justice as well as wisdom.

Question: what colors are used in certian events in ancient greek costume ie. religous colors, royalty, government, etc...


Question: Was the role of Terisius necessary

Answer: Teiresias can communicate the will of the gods to Creon. Few men, if any, have this power. Creon would never have known this will otherwise.

Question: How can Creon be compared with Fidel Castro?

Answer: The subject of Fidel Castro is out of the scope of this web page.

Question: How does Antigone realate to the twentyth century?

Answer: The French author Jean Anouilh drew a very stong comparison between Antigone and the French resistance during World War II.

Question: how does fate influence Greek drama?

Answer: Fate is an important component of Greek religion and Greek drama is a playing out of Greek religious beliefs.

Question: How does Antigone create the theme of appearance versus reality?

Answer: Any contrast between spiritual values and material values creates this theme.

Question: Was Antigone's bond with her family normal for the time? What was family life like & who took over specific duties in the family?

Answer: The bond to ones family was much stronger then than it is today, but even so Antigone's devotion seems exceptional. Women did the domestic work while men worked outside the house. Because Oedipus was blind Antigone and her sister did everything, including leading him around. Her two brothers may have paid the bills.

Question: What is suggested about "free will" in this play?

Answer: Even a weak woman with little power in a world ruled by fate is free to shake the world through determined and wise action.

Question: Which issues in Antigone do you think are relevant to us today?

Answer: Antigone has a message for all time and should be carefully read as a component of a good education.

Question: mark rothko.

Answer: Mark Rothko painted his "Antigone" early in his career during his expressionistic period.

Question: what we have learnt in antigone?eg.learn how to gain wisdom.

Answer: This is like the saying; "You can lead a horse to water but you cannot make him drink." You may not have learned anything because you have associated Antigone with too much pain. The tragedy of some schooling is that the pain of assigments and tight deadlines causes pain which you want to forget. But if you came to Antigone fresh, after your formal education, you could quickly revel in the benefits, because they are numerous.

Question: what is the team of suffering in Antigone

Answer: All Antigone's choices involve suffering, but the path she chooses will make it worth while.

Question: What does Aristotle think of Antigone?

Answer: "Antigone does not seem to fit the Aristotelian formula. Aristotle himself did not seem to know what to make of it. In sole reference to the play Aristotle offers Antigone as an example of a poor plot for a tragedy." Click here

Question: "Pride goes before a fall" To what extent does the play support this idea?

Answer: Creon supports this idea very well. He demontrates pride in his decisions but ultimately they fall short.

Question: give me example of antigone as a role model

Answer: Antigone was a role model for Joan of Arc.

Question: How old is Creon

Answer: About 45 - 55.

Question: Would you compare Antigone to any women today? What kinds of behavior or modes of practice does this play seem to enforce? What social understanding does this play depend upon?

Answer: Rosa Parks. Civil disobedience. Self-sacrifice benefits the community.

Question: how has the play cahnged over the years?

Answer: The play has not changed. Only the audience has changed. The play has been adapted to suit different audiences. Some translation are Elizabethan English. Some are more modern. Translations often use words with contemporary connotations.

Question: How many parts does Antigone have? What are in them? Can you give page numbers and line numbers?

Answer: Aristotle states: "The separable members into which (a tragedy) is quantitatively divided are these: Prologue, Episode, Exode, Choral Song," Aristotle, Poetics,1452b. He then states "A prologue is the whole of that part of a tragedy which precedes the entrance of the chorus. An episode is the whole of that part of a tragedy which falls between whole choral songs. An exode is the whole of that part of a tragedy which is not followed by a song of the chorus.

In Antigone:



Question: Are there other versions of "Antigone"? If so, where can I find them and how do they differ?

Answer: The following versions of Antigone have been written:

A list of recent translations is available at click here

Question: what is the ethymology of the name antigone?

Answer: The meaning 'against judgement' seems to make the most sense and can be justified from Indo-European roots 'anti-', 'Against' and 'gno', 'To know'..

Question: What scene and line is it that Antigone says to Ismene, "And now you can prove what you are a true sister, or a traitor to your family"?

Answer: In line 34 of the play Antigone says: "--and now you will show whether you are nobly bred, or the unworthy daughter of a noble line."

Question: What is the Dionysian festival

Answer: All drama were performed at a festival of Dionysius. The plays were performed during 7 to 8 hours on the days 11-13 in the Greek month Elaphebolion. This corresponds to the festival of Dionysia. The Dionysia festivals celebrated the god Dionysus of the ancient Greek religion. Originally the festival was probably a harvest festival clebrating the importance of the vine culture for the making of grapes from wine. Also celebrated was the goat. Both these helped the ancient Greeks to benefit from their climate and soil types. The goat was thought to be a tragic figure perhaps because it was a frolicing creature that was often sacrificed. At any rate tragedies developed as a result of songs that celebrated goats. The presentation of tragedies and comedies was an important part of the festivities at these festivals.

Question: What is the difference between the role of wemon in "Antigone" the play and the role of wemon in the ancient greek society?

Answer: Antigone lived during the Heroic Age in the Mycenaean culture. Her behavior was unheard of in Classical Greece where women were carefully secluded and spent most of their time having babies and raising children.

Question: How is Antigone related to Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobediance

Answer: Antigone is a model for the behavior that Thoreau recommends. See Antigone and Civil Disobedience

Question: modern examples of divine law vs, human law

Answer: Today this depends upon religion. Laws relating to religious holidays are a good example. A religion may require a certain behavior such as no work, while the state requires work on that day. The abortion issue often brings divine law and human law into conflict. The teaching of evolution is another issue that brings divine law and human law into conflict.

Question: Haemon's love for antigone

Answer: His love has not gotten good reviews. Some compare him to a weak Hamlet. But how many people can be a Hamlet?

Question: what is a suitable charcter scetch for antigone?

Answer: Antigone was a very dutiful person who was very sensitive to justice and its pursuit.

Question: the story of eteocles and polynices and their relations with oedipus. what is the historical situation as the play begins

Answer: Fortunately the play contains all the necessary historical information. There is a reference to the situation in Homer, Iliad, 11.377 "Once verily he (Tydeus) came to Mycenae, not as an enemy, but as a guest, in company with godlike Polyneices, to gather a host; for in that day they were waging a war against the sacred walls of Thebe, and earnestly did they make prayer that glorious allies be granted them; and the men of Mycenae were minded to grant them, and were assenting even as they bade, but Zeus turned their minds by showing tokens of ill."

Question: was antigone a greek goddess

Answer: No. Antigone was presented in the tragedy as a mortal who died before the Trojan war about 1200 BCE.

Question: Why is Antigone justified for the actions she takes?

Answer: Actions are always justified by morals.

Question: do you think Antigone and Haemon can be role model in today..? why?

Answer: This would make a good student essay asignment that requires reading of the play.

Question: I promise to you that I have read this play (twice in fact) but I am having great difficulty finding examples of irony in Antigone. Could you please point some out? Thank you.

Answer: One irony is that Creon tries to prevent his son from marrying Antigone, but the son kills himself and they are joined forever. Another irony is that Creon put soldiers to guard the body of Polyneices but a mere girl buried him anyway. Perhaps you can think of others.

Question: What is the role of the messanger in the play of Antigone? how would this character be directed?

Answer: The messenger describes things that cannot be staged. He should be a good story teller. He should enunciate and gesticulate to clarify his meaning to the audience.

Question: Are there any pictures of Ismene?

Answer: Actually there are no pictures of any of the mythological mortals. The pictures that we have from classical Greece were done perhaps 800 years later. But here are two images from classical Greece:

Question: Why is Antigone considered a tragedy?

Answer: A tragedy is a form of drama involiving human suffering which allows good feeling in its viewing because the suffering seems beneficial to the greater good. Antigone suffers because her reward for good behavior is death. Haemon and his mother suffer and die too. For trying to preserve his state Creon suffers by losing most of his family.

Question: can you give me a character analysis?

Answer: Click here

Question: What actress played Antigone in the Greek film version

Answer: Film versions:

Opera Theodorakis, Mikis (1925- ), compositeur grec. Antigone (1999).

Question: Antigone on the possibility of avoiding suffering inlife and on what might enable us to overcome it.

Answer: Suffering is unavoidable. But suffering is easier to endure when you are working for a noble cause. Suffering for no cause in unendurable.

Question: Could you please point out some major differences and similarities between Antigone and Oedipus Rex?

Answer: Both are tragedies that deal with members of the same family. But Oedipus is a king and Antigone is a princess. Fate seems inexorable in Oedipus but willful in Antigone.

Question: what animal would you compare her to?

Answer: A mule.

Question: where can I find a picture of the palace at thebes?

Answer: This is all that is left: Click Here. Here is a conjecture of what it might have looked like Click here

Question: why is antigone so determined to do what she feels?

Answer: It order to prepare oneself for the eternity of life with the deities it is necessary to please them. She seems to have a very strong spiritual nature.

Question: who wrote the french antigone?

Answer: Jean Anouilh

Question: What does the Dionysian Festival have to do with the play Antigone

Answer: All ancient Greek dramas, including Antigone, were performed by men actors at the Dionysian Festival for men. This may have not been the only performances but they were important performances where prizes were given for the best plays.

Question: What similar roles do women play in Antigone and Medea

Answer: This will make an excellent research paper topic.

Question: What are some themes and explainations for them for the play Antigone


Question: What is a theme from Antigone that could be related to something today?

Answer: All the above listed themes relate to today.

Question: What kind of play is Antigone?

Answer: Antigone is a classic Greek Tragedy.

Question: who are the women in citizen status?how could they get this right?

Answer: No women were citizens of ancient Greece. Amazon women were citizens of Themiscyra.

Question: It is apparent that in the play Antigone had more freedom in the choices she made than Creon, are there any quotes that help to back up this statement?

Answer: This does not seem true. What was brave about Antigone was that she made choices that others would not choose. One of the points of the play is that fate does not give you big choices, but sometimes little choices have big results.

Question: I think that you have the wrong idea about Antigone. She wanted to die because she knew that the curse on the house of Oedipus was going to get her, too. She just thought that the "best" way to die was to die honorable and as a martyr. She didn't want to be alone. When she was sentenced to her cruel death, she had second thoughts about the importance of burying her brother. Basically, she chickened out, and that is why she hung herself.

Answer: Antigone's bravery undid the curse, and her suicide deprived her persecutors any satisfaction that they had tortured her. And her death was all the more pathetic after Creon recanted.

Question: Do you think that the deaths of Haemon and Eurydice that indirectly result from Antigone's suicide undermine Antigone as a "just" woman?

Answer: Creon should have been the one to worry about his relatives.

Question: was it fate or free will that played a part in antigone?

Answer: Both are important.

Question: How would one explain imagery in Antigone

Answer: The ancient Greek plays depended alot on imagery in the mind's eye because they had not developed the idea of sets very well. So some imagery is described within the play, while some is assumed. There are images on the ancient Greek vases that illustrate scenes from some of the plays. Some images relating to ancient Greek culture can be supported by contemporary art.

Question: Can you please list all the important choices antigony makes throughout this play? i want to know her way of thinking.


Question: Do you think that women in Antigone( the play ) are portrayed in a favorable light or an unfavorable light? Explain.

Answer: Favorable. The two sisters Antigone and Ismene are devoted daughters; devoted to both their father and their brothers. Antigone acts in a very moral way. What she does helps everyone to be a better person.

Question: Were many of the greek writings such as Antigone base on real life?

Answer: Yes they were. The ancient Greeks thought Antigone was a real person who lived before the Trojan war. But she lived so long before the play was written (about 800 years) and all the information that was available to the playwrights was word of mouth, that the details of her life cannot be very accurate. As a result many of the details of the play reflect more the culture of the playwright than the culture of Antigone.

Question: how is the messenger's vital function at the end of the play performed most effectively?

Answer: The messenger's function is to describe what cannot be performed. He must enunciate clearly and gesticulate to reinforce his meaning so the audience can understand and imagine.

Question: describe the sound and lighting

Answer: Antigone was written to be performed in the open air using daylight and performers who can project their voices well.

Question: could a modern version be done and succeed?

Answer: Yes, indeed. With a play as old as Antigone you need to either do a lot of education with the play or modernize it so the points are more easily understood. Both methods have their merits. The play has a lot of universal qualities which make it quite suitable for performance today.

Question: who heads a force of seven leaders

Answer: At first Eteocles and Polyneices were joint leaders of Thebes but Eteocles forced Polyneices into exile. So Polyneices lead the army against Thebes to recover his leadership. The strategy involved the seven gates of Thebes. Each army was divided into seven units. One atacking unit and one defending unit was attached to each gate. In those days it was common for the leaders to attack each other in single combat. So there were actually seven leaders in each force, the attacking and defending with these heroes opposed in pairs in single combat. It would seem that the force of seven leaders usually refers to the atacking force, however.

Question: idealy, what sort of era could i choose to portray a staging of antigone. would any be suitable.Also how would i stage the role of the chorus

Answer: If you have a doubt you may as well choose the Archaic era. The costumes are simple but dramatic. But you will have to educate the audience about the era. If this seems too expensive then the second choice is today, with street clothes as costumes. You will probably have to modify the script. The chorus could be on the stage, in the audience, or it could be above the action, like deities looking down.

Question: Unity of time, place, action in the play

Answer: Everything happens in a very limited time and space. This time is in the heroic period oaf ancient Greece in the time just before the Trojan War.

Question: What was Antigones tragic flaw?

Answer: Her thoughts that led to her own suicide. But the concept of tragic flaw does not apply very well to Antigone.

Question: Hi, I'd really like to comend you on your web page , i wish that there were a few more around like it, There was only one thing that i couldn't get from your page which i needed, that is pictures of antigone and creon and possiblly antigone's brother;s {polynices, and etocles}.

Answer: Antigone, Creon, and Polyneices

Question: how did Antigone die (specifically)?

Answer: Apollodorus said she was buried alive in the grave. Sophocles said she hung herself. There is no evidence to verify either statement.

Question: What ever happens to Ismene after the story is over

Answer: There is more about Ismene depicted on a vase: Tydeus and Ismene

Question: How old are Eteocles, Polyneices, Antigone, and Ismene. Since they are always listed in that order, I assumed that it is from oldest to youngest. Is this correct?

Answer: My guess is that Polynices was the elder because he ruled first. Both men are in their twenties while the girls are in their teens. Antigone is definitely older than Ismene.

Question: Why did her brother tell her not to bury his body?

Answer: Her brothers were both dead. Her uncle was king and he issued an edict that no one could bury the body of her brother. It was her sister who told her not to bury her brother. Her sister knew this act would get Antigone prosecuted. King Creon wanted to punish Polyneices even though he was dead. He hoped the spirit of Polyceices would be tormented.

Question: Was Antigone a story of love, hate, honor or dishonor?

Answer: All of those and more.

Question: what influences did the culture have on him?

Answer: Every member of the ancient Greek culture was strongly influenced by that culture. In the play Antigone Creon wants to punish Polyneices even though he is dead while Antigone wants to bury him because he is her brother. Both operate in the context of their culture.

Question: was antigone in love with ceron's son ?

Answer: Antigone put her family first, which was customary then. She loved her brother more than Haemon, but she loved Haemon.

Question: my question has relivence to both Electra and Antigone. I am very interested in greek tragedys and i have read both the sophoclean plays. I am writing an essay on the differences and or similarities between the both. However, despite my endless consentration, i am having some difficulties figuring anything strong to go on. I feel that Antigone was a very strong woman and character in the play, however electra i feel was more an accomplis and that she wasn t really the strong character (orestes was). but since an opinion is hard to back with concrete evidence, i could use someone else s ideas on the subject. Your help would be appreciated. thank you

Answer: Electra was more of a typical woman whose life is controlled by men. Most women must wait for a man to act, and then she must adjust to that action. Antigone did not wait for a man.

Question: If you had to sum up this play in one word, what would it be?

Answer: Antagonistic.

Question: Did Antigone use any kind of props,write,sell anything?

Answer: No.

Question: Was Anitgone a writter? If not what did she do besides bury her brothers?

Answer: She spent her life taking care of her father who died just before she died.

Question: what is the fear that creon would have experienced if he let antigone bury her brother?

Answer: Creon feared that his other laws would also be ignored.

Question: Many think that Antigone's father's life was defined by "fate"-- that he had no hand in shaping it. Whatever the validity of this view, the Choragos says of Antigone, "like father, like daughter." do you see her plight as stemming from fate or from free will?

Answer: When Creon issued the law regarding the non-burial of Polyneices then part of her plight was determined. She chose to bury him anyway so part of her plight results from her free choice.

Question: Creon's conflict with authority....why did he finally change his mind?

Answer: He realized he was wrong too late.

Question: Support this statement "there is no happiness where there is no wisdom" Please try to help me.

Answer: See the last lines of the play:

"If any man would be happy, and not broken by Fate,
Wisdom is the thing he should seek, for happiness hides there.
Let him revere the gods and keep their words inviolate,
For proud men who speak great words come in the end to despair,
and learn wisdom in sorrow, when it is too late."

with wisdom there is knowledge and that knowledge can include knowing the path to happiness.

Question: Is there a quote on the play of OEpidus?

Answer: line 110, "who seeks shall find; Who sits with folded hands or sleeps is blind."

Question: How can you relate Antigone in 2001

Answer: The conflict between real laws and ideal laws exists to this day. And there are still difficulties with the process of taking action in a world where the laws are not ideal. Women are still caught in a network of inaction so they may be encouraged to take some action.

Question: what is the most important even in the nove?

Answer: Antigone spread dust on the dead body of her brother and so technically buried himcontrary ro the law ordered by Creon.

Question: who was antigone's father?

Answer: Oedipus.

Question: I'm portraying the part of Haemon, Is there anyway that I could better understand his specific character?

Answer: All we know about Haemon comes from Antigone. He has been called a weakling Hamlet but this does not seem fair. In those days marriages were arranged by the parents, yet it cannot be said that Haemon and Antigone had been set up by Oedipus and Creon. Oedipus is dead and Creon does not take kindly to Antigone at all. One can only conclude that Haemon and Antigone have a strong relationship for some other reason. In view of Antigone's loving care of her father it seems that Haemon might have decided she was a very desirable wife, but relationships are rarely that practical. One can really only conclude that she was a beautiful and sexy young lady and he was quite smitten with her. In fact he did not seem to be able to live without her.

Question: how many different versions of the play are there?

Answer: The play that receives the most attention was written by Sophocles in 441 BCE. Because of the nature of the play it seems likely that versions of the story were available to Sophocles from which he took the play. Other playwrights could have used the same material to write plays that are now lost. Since that time the play has been translated into many languages, and every translation is a different version. Also the play has been rewritten by a number of modern authors. The answer to the question is numerous, since so much time has elapsed since the play was written.

Question: why was antigone so important?

Antigone is one of the greastet dramas ever written.

Question: What was the social position of women?

Answer: Their position varied depending upon the social position of their family and their position in that family. At the time of Antigone queens had a special status because who they married ruled as king. The kingdom belonged to the queen, but the king ruled. In other families the wife of the male head of the household had the highest status. Then came the children by age, then the slaves. From the point of view of status, Antigone was in trouble because, though she was the daughter of a king and therefore a princess, her father and her brothers were now dead. She would have had to marry soon to have any status at all. She was actually living in the household of Creon when he condemned her to death. But in that house she would have been only just above a slave. But had she married Haemon she might have been a queen.

Question: what is antigonies reason for acting the way she did in the play sophocles

Answer: She owed more allegiance to the dead than the living because she was going to be with them longer.

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Question: In the Antigone by Sophocles, whose tragedy was it? Creon's or Antigone's

Answer: Is is the tragedy of Antigone, Creon, Haemon, Eurydice, Ismene, and the people of Thebes.

Question: What do the three odes in Antigone say about the greek beliefs and morals? And how do these beliefs and morals compare to todays

Answer: The odes you are referring to are probably 781-800, 944-987, 1115-1154 that deal with the irrational. The realm of Aphrodite is not that different today as then. The situation with Dionysus is a bit different. The rites of Dionysus were as much wrapped in prophesy as in madness. In fact it was hoped that the madness would lead to prophesy. Fate was fairly rigid but there was a desire to know the fate through prophesy so a work around could be had. Few depend upon prophesy today, but the hope of its value remains.

Question: how do social influences affect "antigone"

Answer: When Antigone states: "Not through the dread of any human law could I answer to the gods for breaking the (unwritten laws of heaven)." Can we state that it is social influence that convinces her, or the force of the gods? Then she states: "Who, living as I do in the midst of many woes, would not call death a friend." It is these woes that put on social pressure for her to take the steps she has.

Question: Does antigone use reason in burying her brother, or does she base here decision on faith, and feelings

Answer: The Greeks had no concept of faith or religion apart from knowing and reality. She based her actions on what whe knew to be true. The burial practices which she followed were accepted by the society at large. It was Creon that changed the practice in order to punish Polynices.

Question: In scene 4 when the solider reappears, why is he feeling both sad and glad?

Answer: This is a good question for a student to answer alone.

Question: WHere can i find a picture of Antigony's mask?

Answer: Classic Greek Theater Mask of Antigone

Question: Was there any gender issues that Antigone had to deal with?

Answer: Yes. Because of her gender it fell to her and her sister to take care of their father Oedipus. After Oedipus died, rather than being able to set out on their own, they had to submit themselves to the care of their nearest male relative, Creon. He would have to decide who they married and how they lived. Within Creon's household they would have the role of servants or as weavers in the house because of their distance in relation to Creon. Their only hope for advancement would be marriage. They might have had to deal with the many totems and taboos that women have to contend with in the many primitive cultures. The Greek dramatists recorded none of this but it is not clear whether the women of the heroic age contended with the totems and taboos. What is clear is that the women of the classical age ignored them and the dramatists did not write about them.

Question: In the story antigone what is the validity of the assertion of Teiresias quote all men make mistakes, but a good man yields when he knows his course is wrong

Answer: The full quote is, (line 1024), "All men are liable to err. But when an error is made, that man is no longer unwise or unblessed who heals the evil into which he has fallen and does not remain stubborn. Self-will, we know, invites the charge of foolishness. Concede the claim of the dead. Do not kick at the fallen. What prowess is it to kill the dead all over again? I have considered for your good, and what I advise is good. The sweetest thing is to learn from a good advisor when his advice is to your profit." This is one of the most quoted phrases of Sophocles.

Question: In Antigone how does Conscience prevail over authority?

Answer: Creon exerts his authority to give a bad law. Antigone contests that law with her conscience. In the end Antigone seems justified.

Question: Is there another adapted version of Antigone, perhaps a "new" one or one edited from the Sophoclean version? Would there be a new name for the author/editor.

Answer: There are many versions of Antigone old and new. Some depend on the translator while others are adaptations. Your local librarian or bookseller can help you with this. If you wish to present an authentic version of Antigone you have the problem that the ancient Greek text and mannerisms will not be understood. For this reason the play is often adapted. There are also versions of the story with different names.

Question: where did you get the ideas for costume and set design?

Answer: The original costume and set ideas can be inferred from the art of classical Greece. But the scene contemporary to the time of the characters would have been quite different. More recently archaeological studies have provided more information about the time of Antigone.

Question: Is Antigone a part of general pattern of behavior of the psychology of women ? & how did this deviate from the pattern?

Answer: Few women (or men) can live up to the standard set by Antigone, but some are inspired by her to raise their own standard. Antigone is not a model of the behavior of women, even exceptional women. She was not an example of an ideal woman even in classical Greece.

Question: what is the difference and similarities of antigone to lysistrata and medea in terms of the psychology of a woman?tnx

Answer: None of these women behave in ways expected of a woman. Electra behaves in a expected way for a woman.

Question: are they true(medea,lysistrata & antigone) true to the philisophical thought of their country? is the philosophical

Answer: They are true to the ideals of their country. But they are good stoies within those ideals and exceptional.

Question: Did Antigone transfer her family's curse to Creon's?

Answer: No. Antigone absolved her family of the curse.

Comment: actually a better argument would be that creon does not have a clear moral victory that is required of a tragic hero at the end of the play, while antigone does, as well as his downfall is only emotional not physical (he does not get physically hurt or ill, while antigone does, by commiting suicide). so antigone is the tragic hero.


Answer: Teiresias is described as a soothsayer among the ancient Greeks. A strict definition involves the claim of a soothsayer to be able to truely tell of events of the future. Current belief sheds doubt on such claims but the ancient Greeks believed such people could really fortell events. In fact one of the differences between a mortal and a divinity was that the divinity knew of all time equally and had knowledge of future events. Zeus required that any such information would be garbled to mortals. The way a soothsayer was able to fortell was an ability to communicate with some deity or other and sort out the garbled message. The deity communicated to the soothsayer the event that was foretold. Teiresias was important because he possesed such an ability. In fact his importance in the play Antigone was not that he fortold the future but that he spoke to Creon of the unhappiness of the gods: "The city is diseased because of your decision. Every altar in town is glutted with the spewed out flesh of Polyneices, regurgitated by dogs and birds...the son of Oedipus." What Teiresias is saying is that the deities have communicated to him that they are repulsed by Creons behavior. No one should act in such a was as to repulse the deities. When one or more deities disapprove of a human action then they will cause bad things to happen according to the Greek belief. Creon is fortunate that he could find this out because if he could mend his ways he would have some hope of avoiding the bad things. Teirisias has told Creon what he did to make the deities unhappy and will go on to explain what he might do to make things better. Unfortunately Creon argues with Teiresias and fails to take the corrective action soon enough.

Question: Is it right to break the law if the law is unjust?

Answer: Like Antigone you may have to suffer the punishment before anyone realizes the injustice.

Question: What is Antigone like - as in to write about her in a character study essay, please?

Answer: Antigone is devoted but antagonistic.

Question: How do the different topics and moods of the choral odes relate to the different themes of the play?

Answer: The chorus is a poetic reflection and projection of the various topics and moods of the play.

Question: In your opinion, do you think Antigone could be defined as a good citizen? Why or Why not??

Answer: Plato, Laws, line 1.643e, "training from childhood in goodness, which makes a man eagerly desirous of becoming a perfect citizen, understanding how both to rule and be ruled righteously." Plato does not seem to support the idea of Antigone as a good citizen. The situation is complicated by the fact that Creon is not a good citizen either. If the laws are good a good citizen should obey them. But if the laws are bad a good citizen would get them changed.

Question: I am looking for the full script by Jean Anouilh so that I can do a monologue from it. Does anyone know where I can find an English edition of this script online?

Answer: Not found!

Question: what major greek idea does antiogne portray?

Answer: Some major ideas in Antigone:

Question: In what ways does the role of the Chorus in Antigone compare to the role of the Chorus in Aristophanes' Lysistrata?

Answer: The chorus in Antigone is more the voice of the divine while in Lysistrata it is more of a group of participants.

Question: compare the kingship of both antigone and oedipus the king and how they were punished

Answer: Creon was punished for making a law in conflict with a divine law relating to burial, while Oedipus was punished for not properly prosecuting a murder in accordance with divine law.

Question: list of topics for pappers


Question: does Antigone reflect Aristotle's beliefs on drama?

Answer: Not very well.

Question: Antigone is amazingly stubborn, even willing to go to her death for her beliefs. Did Sophocles mean her to appear to his Athenian audience as a role model or just as plain stupid?

Answer: Is it stupidity to insist on living by divine law, or is it stupidity to endure the pain of living without it. As is revealed toward the end of the play she was not stubborn, she was simply right.

Question: Do you have any pictures of Oedipus?

Answer: Click here

Question: Do you have any pictures of Creon?

Answer: Here is a picture of Zeus. This shows the garb of the king, his throne and hairdo. Creon would have looked very similar: Click here

Question: here does the 7 sections of the Parados start in Antigone?

Answer: The choral sections are obvious in the comtents of the Perseus test at: Click here

Question: would Antigone serve as a better ruler than Creon?

Answer: Perhaps, but there is no certainty. Antigone had a better understanding of divine law, but she had no appropriate education. Plato dicusses the required education in his Laws. Creon had good ideas about governance, but he lacked the big picture.

Question: I have to write a four-page essay which includes a thesis that argues a particular point. My goal is to go beyond class discussion and reveal more about the texts. The plays we read are: Agamemnon, Antigone, Medea and Lysistrata. What do you think of this? How does the function of the Chorus in Antigone compare to Lysistrata?

Answer: Forget about Lysistrata and focus on just this one choral passage from Antigone: (line 781)

Great is love, and what shall prevail against it,
When from the deep and quiet eyes of a maiden
Sallying forth, it mocks at our laws and powers,
Pride and possessions?

Wave of the sea is love, wind on the mountains:
Neither deathless gods nor mortals escape it.
The good it turns to evil, the wise to folly,
All men to madness.

And if a son is angered against his father,
Blame him not, but see who has wrought this frenzy--
She the goddess loveliest and most willful,
Fierce Aphrodite.

To what extent was Antigone a tool of Aphrodite, as Helen was? How is this related to the role of women in the Greek society? How much is Mycenaean and how much is Classical Greek?

Come to a conclusion and then argue for it.

Question: how does the play reflect the theme of death? and how do others in the play view her death?

Answer: Antigone is living very closely with death and is trying to reconcile herself to it. Creon focuses on recent events while Antigone considers all time. One possible reconciliation is the judgment of her actions in terms of her life after death. With this view she loses her fear of death. These concerns of death give the play a strong spiritual quality.

Question: To what extent, is behavior like Antigone's dangerous? Consider her devotion to her principles and her attitudes toward advice and death.

Answer: The position Antigone takes is one of great power. Power is always dangerous if it is mis-directed. The challenge is to focus it well and stick with what is right.

Question: Was the main theme in Antigone pride?

Answer: No, but is a minor theme and a common one in ancient Greek mythology.

Question: Disscuss fate as a factor in determining a person's life.

Answer: The ancient Greeks believed that much of a person's life was determined by fate that was meted out at their birth. This fate is known to all the gods and goddesses at all times. Sometimes the deities reveal this fate to humans, but almost never in a clear form. This was a decision by Zeus to not allow humans the power of the divine. The challenge of each individual is to make good decisions within the scope of the fate that is given them. Sometimes small decisions can have monumental consequences. Thus when Antigone sprinkled a small amount of dirt on the body of her brother she brought about her own death, but she also brought the favor of the divine upon herself and saved her society from a pollution that would have caused a terrible calamity.

Question: Did Antigone had a more feeling for his brother, I mean more than brother love?

Answer: No. She had had no contact with her brother for a year or more.

Question: What are the main theatrical techniques needed in staging a scene in Antigone

Answer: The challenge of Antigone is the burden that it places on a few performers. The stage requires no sets and costumes are not required. But if the performers are not up to the challenge, these things and more can be provided to reduce the burden on the performers. A program that explains the various myths, visuals, masks, music, and even sub-titles can be used. The play can also be rewritten to deal with a local conflict to great advantage.

Question: What qoute shows that wisdom is necesary for happiness

Answer: (line 1347), "Wisdom is provided as the chief part of happiness, and our dealings with the gods must be in no way unholy. The great words of arrogant men have to make repayment with great blows, and in old age teach wisdom."

Question: To what modern text can Antigone be compared to?

Answer: Antigone is sometimes compared to Hamlet by Shakespeare. Jean Anouilh wrote a modern version of Antigone related to WWII. Works about Joan of Arc are also relevant.

Question: What is the family conncetion between Antigone and Creon?

Answer: Creon was Antigone's uncle.

Question: How does Sophicles convince the audience that Antigone's task is morally righteous even though it goes against what one would normally believe to be moral (i.e. going against and thus jeopardizing the state)?

Answer: Sophocles brings in Teiresias, the seer to explain what is right in line 988.

Question: what is the historic value of the play antigone?

Answer: The play has enormous historical value because its theme is timeless. It says something about Greece before the Trojan war which is the timeframe of the characters. It tells something about its authors time and it provides insight into other times, such as WWII when its message is helpful.

Question: let's say you had to write an essay saying oedipus' end was more tragic than antigone's... what would you say?

Answer: The magnitude of tragedy is difficult to measure. But Oedipus is performed somewhat more often than Antigone. A good education includes both plays.

Question: How has Sophocles Antigone and Lysistrata convey male folly during Ancient Greece? Please add quotes to justify the points

Answer: The play displays male folly because Creon thinks that just because he declares something that it must be obeyed. line 206, "This is my will, and never will I allow the traitor to stand in honor before the just." If a male thinks that males are superior to women then he may think he is always right. In the play Antigone the main character, a weak female, proves that she is perfectly capable of correcting the ideas of a king, a strong male. She is proved right at line 1029, "Concede the claim of the dead. Do not kick at the fallen. What prowess is it to kill the dead all over again?

Question: what did Antigone wear before she died?

Answer: During her life Antigone wore the garments of a Mycenaean princess. To the Mycenaeans these garments were more than a covering, but rather had some sacred representation. They were probably much more elaborate than the simple dress current at the time the play was written. For the Minoans the dress consisted of a flounced skirt, a girdle, and a vest-like garment that allowed the breast to be exposed. The Mycenaeans seem to have used this dress mainly for religious purposes. But the fact that Antigone was a princess suggests that she wore such a garment. At the time the play was written it would have been assumed that she wore a chiton.

The play states that Antigone strangled herself with her linen veil. Another translation refers to a halter of fine line threads. She has strangled herself with her own garment. Which garments she used is not clear, but the skirt is most likely. She might actually have died naked, or at least naked from the waist down as it was not the custom to wear undergarments in those days.

Question: How are the characters related to each other?

Answer: Eteocles, Polyneices, Antigone, and Ismene are all the children of Oedipus and Jocasta. Creon is Jocasta's brother and Haimon is his son. Eurydice is the wife of Creon and mother of Haimon.

Question: What is the setting of Antigone?

Answer: The play is set in the dusty plain outside Thebes about 1200 BCE.

Question: What was the impact of the Greek Era on the Play Antigone itself? In other words, what does antigone reflect about Greek society and norms etc. at that time at which the play was written?

Answer: The ancient Greeks were extremely prolific and talented writers but time has greatly reduced the works that are available to us. The assumption is that the play reflects the society, but we cannot validate that influence because of a lack of supporting literature. Of the over a thousand plays written only about 35 still survive. Furthermore the ancient Greeks were extremely skilled at idealizing and generalizing but not good at particularizing. The result is that these plays are still relevant but not that good at reflecting details of life.

It is important to note the value of tragedy for the Greek culture of the time. It was so important that an important contest was developed to reward it. It ssems to reflect the thoughtful nature of the times when culture was changing rapidly. The authors of thes dramas put out important yet thoughtful ideas about religion, politics and other important topics

Question: What is the difference between revenge and justice in the play "Antigone"?

Answer: Justice involves the state of law at the time of a crime; instituting the consequences of the law as applied to the crime; and consideration of the effects on the various parties involved. Justice requires that a criminal not benefit from a crime and that the victim be compensated.

Revenge requires that the perpetrator of a crime is punished and is hurt in some way.

Question: did antigone compare herself to any god/goddess?

Answer: At line 823 she says, "I have heard with my own ears how our Phrygian guest, the daughter of Tantalus, perished in so much suffering on steep Sipylus—how, like clinging ivy, the sprouting stone subdued her. And the rains, as men tell, do not leave her melting form, nor does the snow, but beneath her weeping lids she dampens her collar. Most like hers is the god-sent fate that leads me to my rest." She compares herself to Niobe. Niobe is a mythical mortal, not a goddess.

Question: why is antigone so depressed at times?

Answer: A number of tragedies happen to Antigone:

Question: When Antigone discovered that Polynices was uncovered, her response was so extreme that - a mother bird discovers her stolen nestings. What do you think about this discription? Is the love between Antigone and Polynices beyond brother and sister's relationship?

Answer: It is piety that is driving Antigone here. She knows that if she does not bury her brother she will incur the wrath of the gods.

Question: What are two scenes, beyond when Antigone talks to Ismene in front of Creon, that defend the idea that Antigone is looking to defy authority and die as a martyr?

Answer: Antigone values divine authority over human authority. She is not intending to defy divine authority. That she chooses divine authority in the face of death threat does make her a martyr. But now read the play to find the passages.

Question: I'm doing a project for school and must create a mask that the character Antigone might have worn when preforming the play. What might this mask look like?

Answer:Design for a classic Greek theater mask of Antigone

Question: 1)Do you think Sophicles wants us to identify with Antigone? 2)What is the meaning of Anitigone's ordeal? 3) Is Antigone wholly admirable?

Answer: You will benefit the most by reading the play and figuring this out for yourself.

Question: I did read the play why dont you help me out?

Answer: I will help you out but I will not do your work. You may have to read the play several times. It may help to have your questions in mind as you read. Each part that you read should be compared to the questions. Take notes as you read. Then as more questions occur you can read the play again. The play Antigone is so good that it is worth reading many times. But I cannot read it for you. If I read it again it may only benefit me.

Question: "Antigone is in love with death." to what extent do you agree with this statement.

Answer: This is not true. She considers life in the context of death.

Question: Is Antigone Nob e/Not Noble in her pursuit of her goals?

Answer: Antigone is spiritually noble and materially ignoble in the pursuit of her goals.

Question: Antigone and Oedipus are both notable for the important part prophecy and prophets play in the working out of the story. How do Creon and Oedipus respond to the predictions that are made for/about them and what do those responses tell us about them?

Answer: Oedipus hears the prophecies and does wrong. Creon hears the prophecies and learns that he has done wrong.

Question: How do Creon and Oedipus respond to the predictions that are made for/about them and what do those responses tell us about them?

Answer: Both Creon and Oedipus accpet the truth of the prophesy. For Creon it is too late because the prophesy is already fulfilled. Oedipus tries to work around the prophesies but fails. If Qediopus had not been so gullible he could have avoided all the problems.

Question: reasons for antagonists taking their stands in the play.

Answer: Having the antagonism is what makes the play meaningful. Antigone thinks that His brother should be buried as is the custom. Creon thinks the brother needs further punishment because he attacked the city and so wants to punish the dead body by not burying him.

Question: would Antigone have achieved her goal of being reunited with her family given that se had committed suicide - the Aeniad seems to give descriptions of Hades relating to heaven/hell /purgatory. Did suicides find happiness in the afterlife?

Answer: No. Antigone's suicide was an irrational response to an irrational situation. But it is the common response to her situation. Suicide just ended her pain. But the Greeks could not look forward to much of an afterlife. Though that felt the soul survived death, it normally just floated aimlessly with out any substance on action. The best souls were deified and communed with the deities. The worst souls were punished. A few soul kepts some function, but most just floated aimlessly. The souls did float together. Antigone's soul probably deserved to be elevated to be with the deities but she thought the deities might be against her.

Question: What acting techniques would you use if you were the chorus and wanted to convay meaning?

Answer: Gesticulation and enunciation was the method used by the ancient Greeks. costumes, sets and pros are also helpful.

Question: what is catharsis mean?

Answer: A catharsis is an act of purification or clesning

Question: how is antigone cathartic?

Answer: It is her experience that is cathartic. Reading the play helps to cleanse the mind of impure thoughts. Most people are relieved that they do not have to endure such pain. Studying her situation helps one to think purer thoughts.

Question: the only crime is pride?

Answer: What is a crime? To commit a crime there must be a law and an agency to enforce it. Polyneices committed the crime of attacking Thebes and he was punished by being killed by a hero of Thebes, Eteocles. Eteocles commited the crime of monopolizing the throne of Thebes and excluding the rightful heir Polyneices. Eteocles was punished by being killed by a hero, Polyneices, who had come to uphold the law. Creon wanted to further punish Polyneices for ataching Thebes by denying him proper burial rites. But the deities had ordained these rites and they had ways of seeing that they were enforced. Antigone wished to obey the laws of the deities but to do that she had to break the law of Creon. Antigone died trying to obey the laws of the divine. Antigone's death caused the death of others close to Creon and in this way he learned of his crime and his punishment at the hands of the divine. Where is pride in all this?

Question: I have read the play several times, but the arrangement of Antigone's family members confuse me. What is her family tree? Thanks!

Answer: The family tree of Antigone is very confusing. The problem is that her father, Oedipus, married his mother Jocasta. That makes her father into her half brother. Creon was the brother of Jocasta. He was the brother in law of Oedipus but also his uncle. He was the uncle of antigone also and also her great uncle. The children of Oedipus and Jocasta were Polyneices, Eteocles, Antigone, and Ismene. Oedipus was the only child of Laius and Jocasta, but he was the adopted child of Polybus of Corinth and Periboea. Because his adoptive parents faked his birth his true parents were unknown to almost everyone.

Question: Thank you for very insightful answers to Antigone. I am trying to focus on Greek culture's idea of family. Then (6th century B.C.) and now, the 21st century, how does the family impact us, and how did it impact Antigone?

Answer: The date for Antigone is 441 BCE so it is more reflective of 5th Century Culture. But Antigone is actually from the time of the Trojan war or about 1200 BCE. The play is a mix of these two cultures.

The family was much more important during the time of ancient Greeks and provided many of the securities now provided by government. Women were not provided for by Greek law because it was expected that they would be taken care of by their family. In most cases this was acceptable. But disfunctional families did occur and women suffered in them. Families provided jobs, care for the sick and handicapped, retirement, and even physical protection from robbers and assaults. Families took care of taxes and selected governmental representatives. Antigone is in trouble since so many members of her family are dead. She did the family thing and took care of her father but who would take care of her?

Question: What is the significance of Antigonie being a woman? How would the play be different if she were a man?

Answer: As a woman she presents no threat of force, only of reason. The man she would be is the brother she is trying to bury.

Question: i would like to ask you to help me out with an essay which i have to write where i am comparing the extent to which medea and antigone are led by fate. i also want to find a definition of fate/ destiny according to aristotle, or ancient greek times.

Answer: Here are quotes from Hesiod works and days (ll. 90-105) For ere this the tribes of men lived on earth remote and free from ills and hard toil and heavy sickness which bring the Fates upon men; for in misery men grow old quickly. (ll. 211-225) And Night bare hateful Doom and black Fate and Death, and she bare Sleep and the tribe of Dreams.... Also she bare the Destinies and ruthless avenging Fates, Clotho and Lachesis and Atropos (10), who give men at their birth both evil and good to have, and they pursue the transgressions of men and of gods: and these goddesses never cease from their dread anger until they punish the sinner with a sore penalty.

Notice that men receive an alotment of good and evil but they still have to worry about transgressions. Fate is important, but it is not everything. The Greeks were keenly aware of the causes of things but they were also aware that human decisions could be a cause. Even small decisions could be important in the face of overpowering fate.

Question: What does Oedipus mean in Greek? How does this relate to him?

Answer: One etymology of the name Oedipus presented in the play is "swollen foot" referring to the piercing of his feet as an infant (1032-1034). reference

Question: What does the failure of Tieresias's sacrifice have to do with Polynices and Antigone?

Tieresias reports that the gods are angry that Polynices is not buried and they have exonerated Antigone.

Question: where can i go to find pictures of Antigone, the play?

Answer: A search on Google(images) will workClick here

Question: My teacher gave our class a paper on significant moral dilemmas facing us and our world today in the twenty-first century like in Antigone and to discuss it with people that we know first but everyone that I talk to has never read the play. Could you please help me?

Answer: You should read the play. But you could just focus on a moral dilema. Here in Ohio many people want the schools to teach creationism instead of evolution so students do not become athiests. Of course they want to teach the Biblical version of the creation of the world. But the ancient Greek version is probably more pedagogically sound.

Question: Is the play Antigone a real story?

Answer: The ancient Greeks treated it that way. It is equivalent in reality to the stories in the Christian Bible. We believe it is real in gross detail but we have no archeological evidence. We believe the classical dramatist probably embellished the story with details from his own experience.

Question: What social themes are there throghout the play and how do they develop?


Question: was creon cause of antigone death

Answer: Yes. He condemned her to death and when he shut her up his intention was to kill her. She killed herself to prevent the torture that he had caused. It is natural for a person to kill themselves under such circumstances. He literally forced her to kill herself. Persons, such as Creon, who torture their victims before they die are usually considered guilty of a more serious crime, than those who kill mercifully. He killed her this way because he did not want her blood on his hands. But that does not mitigate his crime.

Question: who in the play was right?

Answer: The play was written to help you make better moral decisions. To do this you need to read the play and think about what you read. If it was easy for you to decide who is right then you will not develop morally. To benefit you must decide who is right youself.

Question: do you think Antigone is rational?

Answer: In the sense that she makes good arguments she is rational. Her arguments are much stronger than Creon's. But in the sense that she argues from assumptions that everyone accepts, and her statements are true by the force of her logic, she is not rational. Her arguments have an emotional appeal that cannot be ignored. Her suicide is not rational.

Question: why is the nature of relationships between men and women an important theme for greek dramatists? i don't know where to start. i have read the play and still throughly confused.

Answer: What kind of person is Antigone who would take care of her blind father for years when her brothers would not? What made her do this? Was this a good thing to do? In the play she gets into trouble for trying to help her brother. Would she make a good wife? She is very determined to carry out the requirements of the gods. What kind of a citizen would she be? What kind of mother? Would you like to have her in your world? Or would you prefer Creon?

Question: do you think Antigone is a fanatic, obsessed with death and seeking martyrdom?

Answer: No. Antigone is a conscientious person who has gotten tired of what life has given her.

Question: how do antigone and creon function in the language of greek myth? what are the roles they play that are seen elsewhere in greek myths? what are symbols, patterns, and themes common in antigone and greek myths and how are they exploited?

Answer: Greek myths relate both to the natural and spiritual worlds. In general they contain the causes of natural events. The dramas contain information about how a mortal adapts to the natural and physical worlds. As to particular myths there are many reference to myths in the play. In the play Antigone compares herself to Niobe at line 823. At line 115 the chorus references Dionysus in a way that compares his realm to the play. At line 966 the myth of Phineas is related to the play.

Question: What did critics say about antigone regarding her loyalty to her brother and the Gods.

Answer: Critique

Question: antigone's costume

Answer: As a princess Antigone would have been entitled to wear the flounced skirt, girdle, and revealing vest that the snake goddess wears. The second choice would be a tunic top and a skirt made of leather. A simple robe would be the third choice. Greek dress of a chiton or peplos is often used because this would have been the dress for women at the time of the first productions. Of course the first actors were men and would have worn street clothes.

Question: What makes antigony a tragedy

Answer: Antigone is a tragedy because it involves a noble striving for some higher purpose. In a tragedy this striving is usually frustrated by a disaster such as the death of Antigone. Yet it seems as though the effort was so noble that the results surmount the negativity and the total result seems worth while. It is a matter of seeing a purpose of one's life beyond death.

Question: How did Antigone suffer from the sins of her father? ("How many miseries our father has caused! And is there one of them that does no fall on us while yet we live?")

Answer: There is a real question as to what is a sin in this context. Some say that when Oedipus married his mother he committed a sin. Perhaps killing his father is a sin. But these issues are debatable and the subject of much argument. When he evicted the man who killed his father he evicted himself. Then he blinded himself and he became an evicted and blinded man with no one to care for him but his daughters. His daughters can blame their torment on these acts. In the end though Antigone rose above this torment and acted nobly. Does this mean she was rewarded for suffering these sins? We benefit so are we reward for the sins of Oedipus?

Question: Do the themes and issues of this play still apply to our society today? Also, why do you think that this perception is generally accepted?

Answer: Yes many themes and issues of the play still apply to our society today. This is because we live in a real world but constantly develop ideal worlds based on what we know. The conflict between reality and ideality is generally accepted. The difficulty is that people commonly disagree on what the ideal is. Some believe ideals were best developed in the past and assert the primacy of some religious system. Others want to base ideals on experience of the present and a synthesis of this experience. Others base ideals on their own experience.

Question: What is the strongest defense one could make of Creon and Antigone

Answer: Quotes from the play.

Question: Critique the chorus's "Ode to mankind" lines 376-416 of Sophocles' Antigone

Answer: Perhaps you mean:

"[332] Wonders are many, and none is more wonderful than man.
 [335] This power spans the sea, even when it surges white before the gales of
the south-wind, and makes a path under swells that threaten to engulf him.
Earth, too, the eldest of the gods, the immortal, the unwearied,
[340] he wears away to his own ends, turning the soil with the offspring of
horses as the plows weave to and fro year after year."

You might read the essay on man of Alexander Pope Click here to help with this. This is the humanism which swelled during the Renaissance.

Question: As an argument for her case, Antigone claims the people are in support of her. How would Plato and Aristotle critique this?

Answer: This question is a tad hard because a person who anwers this question should be familiar with the entire corpus of Plato and Aristotle. This might require a good 10 years of steady study. Off hand I would suggest that Antigone is arguing by induction to the ideal which Plato would consider quite favorably. Unfortunately Aristotle might favor the status quo argument of Creon to be superior.

Question: Need to write about Ismene, is there a good site to find character info, etc.

Answer: This site has info, but there is also Click here

Question: antigones lover

Answer: Haemon was Antigone's lover.

Question: I am writing a research paper in dramatic structure and fate in Antigone. Do you have any idea on where to start?

Answer: You might start by comparing Antigone and Oedipus. Many students missinterpret the concept of fate and assume that fate controls everything. Actually it only controls what we cannot. Our real choices seem insignificant when compared to fate, but they are not. But the significance of fate makes a dramatic machine that propels the play.

Question: what is the argument between antigony and creon

Answer: Antigone loves her family and wants to respect them. Creon loves the state and expects respect for it.

Question: How would u play the role of Ismene in Antigone

Answer: What Ismene says is very important. In the early productions of this play Ismene was played by a man with a mask. But she is thoroughly a woman.

Question: What are some examples of how the main themes of Antigone are still relevent today?

Answer: Many people today think that they are too weak to effect a change in the legal system. But the fact is that even a a girl can do it if she is determined.

Question: What is the effect of Antigone on modern society

Answer: Antigone set a high standard for drama and it sets a high standard for human behavior. The main result of Antigone is that students learn to set that high standard for themselves. The result is that their quality of life is improved.

Question: Should Antigone have been punished for obeying a moral law over a civil law?

Answer: Read the play Antigone. The play suggests that she should not have been punished.

Question: What is to be condemned in the characters of both Antigone and Creon and what is to be admired?

Answer: Antigone is to be condemned for being mortal. Creon too because to err is human. He cannot acieve the forgiving part.

Question: Who is Choragos?

Answer: Chi, o, rho, - eta, gamma, o, sigma (choregos, choragos) means one who leads the chorus.

Question: I have read the book twice and I'm having a hard time with examples of irony

Answer: A young girl, alone, brings down a powerful king.



Answer: Remember that Antigone is but a mere girl, a young teenage girl, with no martial skill. Think about what you would do in this situation? How would you stand up in this way to a mayor, a govenor, or even a president? What education and experience would you need to pull it off? Does the fact that she is the daughter of Oedipus make any difference? Was it a good thing that she did? Or was it stupid? One difference between her and a girl nowadays is that ancient girls had to be prepared to face death because childbirth would be soon and very dangerous. Her religion was different too. Did it help her? Would other religions have helped her more? You can easily answer the questions you sent by yourself by reading the play carefully.

Question: do you think there was an incest relationship or a love above brothers' and sisters' love between antigone and polynieces? could it be?

Answer: It seems very unlikely. According to the dramatists Antigone took care of Oedipus after he blinded himself. The brothers remained in Thebes so they were separated. Antigone implies only a spiritual love in her speaches. Also Jocasta was happy being a mother and would have monitored them closely. In an aristocratic home such as theirs they would have had little time to be together. Antigone would have slept with one or two slaves in her room. Often one slept at the foot of the bed of a princess and another at the door.



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