Corinth, a City of Ancient Greece

In the Iliad book 2, the catalog of ships, Homer puts wealthy Corinth in the group of communities that is ruled by Agamemnon. The nature of the name ‘Corinth’ suggests a connection the Minoan civilization but nothing else is known about this. The ‘inth’ ending of the name is often attributed to Minoan words. Black Corinth is a seedless ancient Greek grape variety prized for its super sweet pea-sized seedless black fruit. We get the English word “currant” from the name “Corinth” — for small black grapes that have been dried in the sun. Grapes were an important trade item for ancient Greece.

The following statue of a woman was found at Corinth:

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An article on the history of Corinth is at:

Corinth established colonies at Corcyra and Syracuse in 733 BCE.

In 730 BCE Corinth was the most advanced city in Greece.

Cypselus (Kypselos) became the tyrant at Corinth in 657 BCE by
overthrowing the government. His rule lasted until 627 BCE.

Periander was tyrant at Corinth from 625 to 585 BCE.
Soon after Periander’s death, Corinth was ruled by a council of 80 men. This type of government is called an oligarchy.

The city state of Corinth had 900 square kilometres of mountains and  farmland. It was located between Sparta and Athens. It was a port city near the neck of the Peloponnesian peninsula. Ships would be dragged across the narrow neck of land so they would not have to go around the Peloponnesian penisula.

There was supposedly a temple of Aphrodite at Corinth that housed temple prostitutes.

Corinth made beautiful pottery, all decorated without any paint!
Instead a watery clay mixture was used. When the pot was baked in a kiln, the areas painted with clay mixture turned black. Unpainted areas turned a light brown or reddish brown colour, depending on the type of clay. For 200 years the Corinthians shipped their pottery all over the Greek world, and Corinth became a wealthy and busy trading centre. Black figure pottery Originated in Corinth during the early 7th century BC.

Corinth was also the host of the Isthmian Games.

The drama Medea by Euripides is set in Corinth.

Resources

  1. Herodotus, The Histories 2.167 “Now whether this, too, the Greeks have learned from the Egyptians, I cannot confidently judge. I know that in Thrace and Scythia and Persia and Lydia and nearly all foreign countries, those who learn trades are held in less esteem than the rest of the people, and those who have least to do with artisans’ work, especially men who are free to practise the art of war, are highly honored. [2] This much is certain: that this opinion, which is held by all Greeks and particularly by the Lacedaemonians, is of foreign origin. It is in Corinth that artisans are held in least contempt.”
  2. Herodotus, The Histories 5.92B: “The Corinthian state was ordered in such manner as I will show. There was an oligarchy, and this group of men, called the Bacchiadae, held sway in the city, marrying and giving in marriage among themselves.” This was followed by 30 years of Tyranny: The Histories 5.92F “After a reign of thirty years,1 he (Cypselus) died in the height of prosperity, and was succeeded by his son Periander.”

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Corinth, a City of Ancient Greece

Questions and Answers

Question: what were the important resources in Corinth

Answer: Access to the sea.

Question: What was the government of ancient Corinth and what was daily life of people who lived there?

Answer: The government was an oligarchy. The people were mainly involved in seafaring activities. They were manufacturers, fishermen, and traders.

Question: do you have pictures of corinth

Answer: Perseus

 

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