Questions and Answers about Daily Life in Ancient Greece — Set I
Question: know anything about mizithra cheese??
Answer: Mizithra cheese is made from the milk of a sheep. It is white,
fresh, soft, fascile, if my French is any good. See
Question: What are some myths that women reject thier ordinary
Answer: The Amazons did this consistently.
Question: what was the daily life for widows in ancient Greece like?
Answer: If they were poor they went back to their family. If they were rich they got a new husband, usually a relative of their husband.
Question: What were the roles in the house of the women?
Answer: There were no houses of women. All houses belonged to men. Women
were secluded into part of the house. The only houses that men did not own
would have been the temples for the goddesses. The roles the women had in their separate portion of their house included spinning and weaving, cooking, carrying water, cleaning, and serving food. Soem women also performed musical instruments and danced.
Question: What kind of role did horses play in Ancient Greece?
Answer: Horses were used to draw chariots and carts. Only the Amazons rode
them and they rode them bare-backed. They were not effective draft animals
for the Greeks because the halters that they used compressed the veins
in their neck and restricted the flow of blood. I believe an effective horse
halter was a medieval invention.
Question: what were some movies that they watch
Answer: Movies were invented about 100 years ago. The ancient Greeks lived
about 3200 years ago. They lived during the time of the old testament of
the Bible, the time of Moses in Egypt. Though the Greek ships went to Egypt
and Phoenecia, they knew nothing of the stories of the Bible. They had their
own stories. In those days people were entertained by roving bards (poets) who would travel from place to place and sing or speak poems that contained the stories
and news that people wanted to hear. There were no TV’s, radios, newspapers,
magazines, no libraries, no bookstores. When you went to shop you went to
a market that consisted of vendors set up under tents or in some cases right
off a boat. For entertainment local people would dance and sing at festivals. Sometimes professional musicians were available. They would play the flute or the lyre.
Question: I need to research the role of women in Greek society. Where
their any exceptions to this role? Who was Aspasia?
Answer: The role of women was to bear and raise children. There were many
Greek women who were able to break out of this role to accomplish other
things. Aspasia was one of these. She was a hetaerae and consort of
Pericles. You can read about her on the page about hetaera at:
Question: How did women’s life change from then and now?
Answer: Then there was slavery, women had no education, could not vote,
and stayed secluded. Now slavery is gone, women are educated, vote, and
can go anywhere they want. But to be an Antigone is still hard.
Question: what do they eat?
Answer: They ate: roast meat including beef, pork, mutton, and goat;
fruits and nuts especially grapes, bread made of wheat or barley, various
green vegetables, olives and olive oil, and wine.
Question: How did the status of women improve during the Roman Times?
Answer: Some of the Roman matrons wielded a great deal of power and they
were able to get laws passed that were favorable to women.
Question: I am making a diary of a 13 year old girl in greece what should
Answer: First identify a time and place, then a personality. Some
suggestions is provided by the following images of art of young girls:
gravestone Grave Stele of a Girl with Doves.
drawing Drawing of girl playing flutes
vase Girl running.
statue Girl with Offering
Servant Mourning Servant Girl
Symposium On the right stands a girl, profile to the left, wearing a
peplos and playing the double flute.
Lyre a girl, wearing a medium-sleeved chiton and a narrow stephane, stands
profile to the right, holding a lyre in her left hand and a plectrum in her
mural Crocus gatherers.
Then pick the class of the girl.
A girl of 13 in ancient Greece would be facing big transitions. Until that time the girl would be with her mother in a larger family group directed by her grandmother. She would have performed mostly menial tasks similar to those performed by slaves. This would include carrying water, grinding grain, cleaning and preparing food. Their education would involve participation in local temple activities that could have included dancing and choral presentations. Often such a girl would be married and would move to her husband’s family home. There she would receive instruction from her husband’s mother and grandmother. They would teach her to spin and weave and other more complex tasks. She might be prepared to eventually lead the other women of this family. She would continue to participate in temple activities but at a new temple.
Question: how would the children travelle to school every day?
Answer: They might board with the teacher, or they would walk. Women would receive their education at home or at a local temple.
Question: What was their culture like?
Answer: The Athenians achieved one of the highest cultures ever; but it was
full of change and stress. War and death were contant issues. Sanitation was
poor an diseases were common. But they were very creative people and made
much of what they had. Art made their cities beautiful. Their dedication
to excellence meant that there were exciting festivals and events. Their
skill with the sea meant goods were available from many lands. And the stories
that they lived and wrote are some of the best ever. Most women stayed home and missed some of the activities for men. But they did participate in activies in temples and in their own home.?
Question: HOW OLD WERE GIRLS WHEN THEY GOT MARRIED?
Answer: They could marry as soon as they were able to become pregnant. This
was about 13.?
Question: What does the bed of an ancient aristocrat/God look like??
Answer: Their idea of a bed was more what we think of as a cot. They
did have double beds for couples though I doubt they were more than twice
the size of a cot and they were probably two beds pulled together. The beds had long legs to keep them off the ground. Their dimensions were about 2′ by 6′ by 3.5′ high. Links to pictures follow:
what kinds of alcohol would they drink
Wine and beer. They did not understand the concept of alcohol as separate from the beer or wine. Alcohol was distilled first by the Arabs during the Middle Ages.
Question: what did the women do all day
Answer: They worked very hard. Their work included: weaving, cooking
cleaning, carrying water and wastes, educating children, and many religious
Question: What chores did children have to do?
Answer: Children did have chores, but they also played games. When they
were able they did the same chores as adults. Boys did have shool outside the
home which they attended. Girls received their education in the home.
Question: In ancient Greece what food often took the place of meat?
Answer: Barley was the staple food. Lentils and beans, olives, cheese,
and eggs supplemented this.
Question: what was the occupation of women during this time
Answer: Most of the women of citizens and wealthier families were bearing
children and raising them. Most of the rest of the women were waiting on these
women. These included relatives and slaves. Women took care of the house
including weaving cloth and preparing food. There were also women entertainers
and prostitutes called hetarae.
Question: What was the schedule like for an ancient greek women? Starting
from when whe woke up, to when she went to bed?
- sunrise – get up
- fetch water
- wash and clean
- prepare food
- first meal just before noon
- weaving and spinning
- prepare food
- meal just before bed
Question: What food did they eat in ancient Greece
Answer: They ate sauces of olive oil and cheese flavored with cumin seed.
Question: What were women like in Greek life, was there a difference
between the city-states, did women in ancient Greece’s roles change
drastically over time?
There were differences between the city states with Athens on the liberal side
and Sparta on the conservative extreme. There was a revolutionary change
in the Greek Society that dramatically affected women and had a profound
effect on the entire world to this day. You get a sense of this change
be reading the literature of the Greeks. In several hundred years the
Greeks went from a fairly primitive state to a culture that may be one of
the highest ever achieved. Women, along with the men, helped to carry this
about. There has been criticism of the Greek culture that the women were
isolated and put-down. But it seems like much of this isolating may have
been for the purpose of freeing the Greek women of primitive taboos. The
Greek women at the time of the Trojan war seem freer than the later
women, but it is likely this is because the taboos have simply been forgotten.
The Greeks of the Golden Age were rational in their outlook and temper. One
of their great accomplishments was that they were able to overthrow the many
superstitions of primitive society.
Question: I want to know how the women in ancient greece did their weaving?
Answer: They used a warp-weighted loom with string heddles.
Question: free time
Answer: The Ancient Greek men went to symposiums and festivals. The women
just went to festivals except for hetaera and prostitutes who went to
symposiums as entertainment.
Question: what is the daily life and times like of peasant classes?
Answer: There were no peasant classes. There were only slaves.
Question: Who prepared the food in acient greece
Answer: Men tended to prepare meat while women prepared bread. But most
cooking was done by women.
Question: How did Greek women weave cloth. What tools and materials did they
use? Did they dye the cloth different colors?
Answer: The greek women used a vertical, warp weighted loom with a string
heddle. They died their cloth many different colors.
Question: what different types of food did the greeks eat in the early days?
Answer: Homer describes food in his poems but mainly it involved roast meat
on flat bread with vegetables and fruit.
Question: how does greek food differ from other cultures foods?
Answer: A culture’s food often depends on what grows in the vicinity
of that culture. Grapes and olives grew in Greece so they are important
to the Greek food.
Question: Who is the greek goddess of potterry
Question: How were greek women treated
Answer: Even though they were not allowed to vote, most wives were treated
very well. In most cases marriages were arranged by the girl’s father, but
the husband had to be very considerate of the wife if the wife was going to
produce healthy children. The husbands did not even make many sexual demands
of their wives but turned to the Hetaerae instead. Hetaerae were not treated
as well as wives, but they had more freedom. Unfortunately, not every woman
could qualify as a hetaerae. These women were intelligent, beautiful,
graceful, and socially skilled. They were the kind of women who always seem
to get favors from men, and they survived very well on those favors. Other
women had to work very hard. Some were the wives of foreigners. Others were
slaves. Some slaves were treated as well as a member of the family but many
were restricted to drudgery. Some were even forced to be sex slaves and
Question: What were dishes and utensils like.
Answer: Mainly they were given a piece of flat bread and their food was
placed on that. Wine was drunk in a footed cup made of ceramic.
Question: What kind of restaurants, if there were any, existed in ancient
Answer: Most business people had their business right in their home. Though
there were no restaurants in our sense there were plenty of homes you could go
to buy a meal.
Question: First, thank you for a very informative and interesting web site.
I am wondering about the demographics of the various classes of women, what
percentage were wives, concubines, intelectual prostitutes, plain old
prostitutes, and slaves? Also, what was the average life expectancy? And
what was the average number of childern a woman would have, and can you
compare it to the number of pregnancies? – thanks!
Answer: My guess is that about one quarter of the women were wives, one
quarter were daughters and other relatives and one quarter were slaves. The
rest were free women, either hetaera or foreigners. I doubt that even 1
hetaera in a hundred was an intellectual and the slave prostitutes probably
outnumbered the hetaera by a factor of ten. The average life expectancy
was about 36 due to the large number of babies that died. My guess is that
the average number of births was 7 with 5 living as old as adolescence. Perhaps
there were 8 pregnancies per woman. The poor conditions of sanitation caused
the large number of deaths in the very young.
Answer: Slaves were a common feature of ancient Greek society. A slave is
the property of another person and required to do the bidding of that person.
There were no peasants in ancient Greece. Peasants belong to the land on
which they live. Though they are not required to do the bidding of the
land owner, they are required to make their living off the land and cannot
leave it. Usually they would pay a portion of their crop to the land owner,
but even if they did not farm the land they would be required to pay rent
or taxes to the land owner. Peasants were part of the medieval serfdoms.
Just as a master could have sex with his female slaves a landowner could demand
sex with his female serfs.
Question: What were dishes & utensils like?
Answer: Greek pottery is very important artistically. But usually they
did not use pottery at meals. Each diner was given a piece of flat bread and
then a piece of meat on the bread. Most food was eaten with the fingers. Knive
were used to cut the meat: Click here. Cooks used more implements:
lick here. Grain was gound between two flat stones, one on top of the
Question: where can i find information on the roles women played in the
topics relating to households, merchandise and orcicles in ancient greek
Answer: Click here
As to merchandise women were involved with weaving.
What is an orcicle?
Question: Hoe did women in Ancient Greece entertained themselves?
Answer: Mainly they did things together: weaving, sewing, washing, drawing
water, cooking, and other domestic chores. During their breaks they would
dance, sing, and play ball. Sometimes they would run races together. They
would get out of the house during religious festivals when there were
processions and ceremonies. The women were especially involved in the
religious festivals for the goddesses. There were festivals 4 or 5 times
Question: What were the social classes in Ancient Greece?
Answer: From the highest to the lowest:
- Kings, dictators, generals, priests and priestesses.
- Male Citizen aristocrats
- Female Citizens
- other citizens
- non-citizen foreigners
- House slaves, temple slaves and overseers.
- field slaves, industrial slaves, and prostitutes
- criminals, beggars, vagrants
Question: greek recipe for a desert
- From Herodotus: “and travelling by this latter road one must needs
cross the river Maiander and pass by the city of Callatebos, where men
live whose trade it is to make honey of the tamarisk-tree and of
- From Herodotus: “–the Athenians say that a great serpent lives in the temple and guards the Acropolis; and they not only say this, but also they set forth for it monthly
offerings, as if it were really there; and the offering consists of a
- From the Iliad: “First she set for them a fair and well-made table that
had feet of cyanus; on it there was a vessel of bronze and an onion to give
relish to the drink, with honey and cakes of barley-meal.”
- From the Odyssey: “Their father and their mother the gods had slain, and
the maidens were left orphans in the halls, and fair Aphrodite cherished them
with curds and sweet honey and delicious wine.
Question: Were women allowed to ente the house via the front door?
Answer: Houses had only one door.
Question: Are the roles of women in ancient Greece more restricted than the
roles of women in ancient Eygpt?What are the differences?
Answer: No. Greek women had many educational oportunities.
Question: in ancient greece was food grown in fields or in gardens?
Answer: Though there were many gardens, still there were many fields as
Question: what was the type of food the ancient greece people eat?
Answer: Roasted goat, lamb, and fish, olives, grapes, quinces, barley and
wheat bread, and green vegetables. For more information click on the Menu
Directory below and then click on daily.
Question: what power did each family member have, what was there duties
Answer: Fathers worked outside the home and wives worked in the home. The
fathers, sons, and male slaves, worked orchards, vinyards, metalwork, woodwork,
stone work, and defense. Women, daughters, and women slaves did weaving and
food perparation such as grinding grain, raising young children, and caring for
the house. The eldest father was responsible for everyone, while his wife
was responsible for the women.
Question: What was the role of pets in ancient greece?
Answer: Pets provided companionship. Pets included pigeons and dogs.
Dogs were used for hunting. Herons were also kept as pets. They were
sacred to Aphrodite.
Question: type of food prepared
Answer: Fish was a favorite food, and they ate beef and land roasted.
They drank wine and had various fruits including grapes, figs, and quinces.
They ate green vegetables as well.
Question: Where did they go to the bathroom? How did they stay clean? What
did women do about their periods every month?
Answer: Chamber pots were used with the waste carried out to the field and
spread around for fertilizer. To stay lean they rinsed their bodies and
clothes in clean water. Oil was applied to improve the smell of bodies and
clothes. Since men and women were separated the women had to do little
about their periods except keep themselves clean.
Question: I am typing a report on things of ancient greece and i need a lot
of info. on animal sacrifice and the homeless, please help..
Answer: Many types of sacrifice are indexed at Click here. Here is a picture of Cows being led to sacrifice: Click here. A ram is led
to sacrifice: Click here. Three drivers lead a struggling ox to sacrifice: Click here
Click on the menu directory below and then click on sacrifice of virgins.
Homelessness was a very uncommon state in ancient Greece. Unfortunately
homeless people were commonly caught into slavery. If they were useful then
they were sold. If they were useless they were then killed or allowed to die.
The family was more important in those days. If your family could not protect
you and care for you when you were down and out, then you ended up as a slave.
The good thing about slavery is that whoever bought you included you in their
family. The bad thing was that you were then forced to do drudgery and if
you did not work you were killed or left to die. Sex crimes could easily
be perpetrated on a slave.
Question: what kind of everyday food did the ancient greeks eat?
Answer: Barley bread, fish, fruit, olives, vegetables.
Question: group of women from ancient greece allowed to be very
Answer: Any woman in ancient Greece was allowed to educate herself, but it
was not required. Only some of the hetaerae were required to be educated.
Question: what was the marketplace called?
Answer: Most markets were in the Agora, but not all of them. There were
also deigmata or specialized market halls. The Agora was like a market square
in the Greek city.
Question: how was the family life
Answer: The family was very important, but it is not clear how much time
they spent together. The males stayed outside while the women stayed together
in the women’s quarters. They probably got together at least one a day for
a meal. The ancient Greeks were a very public people so the family spent a
lot of time with processions and festivals.
Question: what did they where on there feet
Answer: Click on the menu Directory below then click on sandals.
Question: Did women cook in under class familys or did they have slaves
Answer: Women cooked in lower class families, but sometimes the men cooked
Question: were they sexualy trained
Answer: Click on the Menu Directory below and click on hetaera or love and
Question: what did they cook with?
Answer: Meat was roasted over an open fire. Bread was baked in an oven.
Metal pans were available for roasting and frying over an open fire.
Question: How were the potter’s paid in ancient greece?
Answer: Coins were minted to ease trading.
Question: Who provided childcare other then the mothers
Answer: Other female relatives, a unmarried women of the family, a nurse,
or a family slave.
Question: what did a woman do when her husband died?
Answer: She cried a lot because this was a disaster to her. In those days
a women needed a male guardian to survive. If she was old her male sons
could take care of her. If she was young and attractive she would marry again.
If she had children or was ugly she would return to her father unless she was
wealthy. Wealthy women were assigned a new husband by their family.
Question: difference between minoan women and mycenaen women
Answer: There is a suggestion that women were seen as more valuable by the
Minoans, but this is not clear. Minoan women are more often illustrated
and they are more elaborately dressed when they are illustrated. That they
were more likely to expose their breasts suggests that they may have been more
Question: who served in the military?
Answer: Every able-bodied man.
Question: How was the cooking done? What were the ovens like?
Clay, stone? Used for baking, roasting? Was most cooking
done on an open fire?
Answer: Most cooking was done on an open fire. For most meats a spit
was braced over the fire and turned. Some vegetables were cooked this way, but
most were boiled in metal or clay pots. Fish was pan fried in a metal or clay
pan. Bread was baked in a beehive oven made of bricks or clay. The fire
was made in the oven then the coals were removed. The heat of the oven
baked the bread. Some bread was also baked in flat pans.
Question: what kind of lige did the noblewoman live
Answer: Homer describes Arete and this may be taken as an indication of how
the noblewomen lived at the time of the Trojan war. She was a woman of
great beauty who helped women settle disputes with their husbands. She and
here maids prepared clothes for her household. She was in charge of the maids
and commanded them as to what to do to keep the house. As a noble woman she
slept with her husband. She also served at the command of her husband, though
she usually passed these commands off to her maids.
Question: Where can I find information about Greek slaves?
Answer: Read above.
Question: what kind of life did the nun live
Answer: There were no nuns in ancient Greece. There were priestesses
though. In ancient Greece the goddesses were most commonly served by
priestesses who enjoyed considerable freedom and prestige.
Question: Why are there so many separate city-states in Acient Greece?
Answer: Poor communication restricted the size of government, and
direct democratic control restricted it as well.
Question: what do you do when you farm
Answer: Farming in ancient Greece involved:
- Clearing the land. Because wooden plows were used the land had to be free
of roots and stones. Fire was ofter used to burn off the land.
- Fertilizing the land. Household wastes were thrown on the fields and
animals were allowed to graze in winter.
- Plowing the land. A mule, or ox drew the plow.
- Planting the seed. Some seed had to be saved from the previous crop.
- Weeding and watering. Plants are tended as they grow. Hoes were used to
help weed and loosen the soil.
- Transporting to market and sale. The ox or mule drew a two wheeled cart.
Favorite crops in ancient Greece were: grapes, olives, barley, flax, wheat,
and vegetables. They also grew poultry, eggs, pigs, beef, sheep, and goats.
Question: Some people think that women were utterly powerless
or helpless whenit comes to how they were treated and how men
at that time viewed them. I don’t Think that is true. I think
they had their share of power inside the home. Can you help
Answer: Lysistrata: “A man gets no joy if he does not get along with
his wife.” The fact is that men wrote about their world and what they thought
of women but the women did not write of their world and what they thought of
men. We have a one-sided view.
Question: Could women in Sparta go to the agora?
Answer: My guess is that they could but they did not want to. A higher
class woman would send a lower class women for her.
Question: What are the social classes of ancient Greece?
Answer: Basically there were citizens, free non-citizens, and slaves.
Within the citizen class there were voting men, non-voting women, and children.
Within the free non-citizen class there were hetaerae, foreigners, and
freed slaves. Among the slaves there were temple slaves, household slaves,
professional slaves, slave managers, and field slaves and miners.
Question: how were the roads made in acient greece?
Answer: Most important transportation was on the sea, so the important
roads ran to a port. They were made of dirt or some were paved with
stone. The roads carried large two-wheeled carts, chariots, and foot
traffic, including sedan chairs.
Question: what kind of meat did the greeks eat?
Answer: Mainly fish, but also lamb, goat, pork, and beef.
Question: How did the Greek gods/goddesses effect daily life of the Greek people?
Answer: Much of their lives were organized around rituals which were
performed to please the deities. Holidays were holy days that were dedicated
to the deities. Some political activities such as laws, judgements,
and the establishment of boundaries, were influenced by the deities.
Question: How does the house look like from inside and what is the function of each room?
Answer: Ancient Greek houses were sparsely decorated, with little
furniture. Tripod stools and tables were common on rough dirt floors.
Wealthier homes had couches, beds and a chair. Usually the most important
person sat in a chair. A bedroom included perhaps a bed. Meeting
rooms included most of the furniture. Storage rooms included jars and
chests. Bathrooms were rare on the Greek mainland but more common in the
Minoan civilization. Sometimes a special room was fitted with couches
for a symposium. A house had one or more courtyard where cooking and
other tasks were done. For pictures click on the menu directory below
and click on architecture.
Question: What is a “sedan chair”?
Answer: A sedan chair is a portable enclosed chair that has poles so
it can be carried by two men, front and back. A picture from Elizabethan
England is : Click here.
This was a common conveyance in ancient times but I have not found any pictures. A litter and a palinquin are similar devices. A sedan chair from Japan
Question: Did the women do any activities outside of the home?
Answer: Only religious festivals and other religious activities. Poorer
women and slave women fetched water also.
Question: Was there a “kitchen god” in ancient Greek culture if so, who?
Answer: There were no kitchens, only hearths. Hestia was the goddess of
the hearth. While important goddesses like Athena would require monthly
rituals and celebrations, Hestia would require them daily.
Question: Is today’s Greek food different from the Ancient Greeks ?
Answer: Yes. But there are similarities. Modern Greek food has spices
and ingrediants from other countries. But honey, flat bread, and lamb are
Question: How much has Greek cuisine evolved
Answer: Modern cuisine has considerable variety compared to the ancient
Question: How did women take care of their children?
Answer: There was considerable variety in this. Spartan children were not
swaddled but Athenian children were. Mothers either nursed the children,
used wet nurses, or bottle fed them. Cradles might be used. A variety
of children’s toys are used including balls, hoops, and spinning tops.
Infants had rattles and bells. Dolls and doll houses were used. Swings,
seesaws and yo-yos competed with miniature carts and chariots. Games
involved dice and knucklebones.
Question: where do I find yogurt
Answer: IN ancient Greece cheese, yogurt, and milk came from goats and
Question: What kind of training did a rich girl have to go through?
Answer: Rich girls could choose training but they did not have to endure
any. Mostly their mother trained them to be mothers. If they were honored
to become a priestess they were trained to perform their role. They might
choose to be trained as a dancer or musician. They would have to train
themselves in philosophy, rhetoric, or any of the other liberal arts.
Fortunately many did choose to train themselves as they were some of the
most accomplished women ever.
Question: Women and property laws
Answer: Only in Sparta could women own property.
Question: What did they use to prepare meals with?
Answer: Meals were prepared over an open fire. They used a spit to
roast meat, a pan to fry, or a pot to boil. Pans were made of fired clay.
Question: how did greeks kept clean?
Answer: They washed in water and olive oil.
Question: who were the once who look out to childrens?
Answer: Mothers took care of daughters until they married. Mothers
took care of sons until they went to school, then teachers took care of them.
Question: Do you have any information on the stela of a young girl holding a bird
Answer: There is a marble piece at New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art,
called “Stele of Young Girl from Paros” which is the image of a Young
girl from Paros who seems to be kissing one of the pigeons she is holding.
An evaluation of this
image is found at:
An image and an evaluation is found at:
These sites say a lot but not everything. Pigeons were an important source
of meat for the ancient Greeks, and they raised a lot of Pigeons. Doves are
sacred to Aphrodite and there is not a lot of difference between a pigeon
and a dove. For these two reasons letting a young girl have pigeons as
pets would be consistent with societal mores. Note the similarity to the
following image of Aphrodite riding on a swan:
Question: Can you answer this question? “It has been said many times that
ancient Greece is a man’s world” Do you agree or disagree? If you agree, can
you list ten facts that prove that you agree to this statement.
Answer: I do not agree. Ancient Greece included a man’s world where the
men were in control. But within the home was a women’s world with women
in control. Women also had their own temples and festivals. Women did not
leave as good a record as the men. What we have are men talking about their
world. It would be interesting to hear the other side.
Question: how was daily in troy
Answer: We do not know very much about the people of Troy. The Achaeans
mentioned by Homer seem to be the Mycenaeans mentioned by Archeologists. But
though the Trojans spoke Greek they may not be Mycenaeans. They might
have been Dorians, in which case they are more related to the classical
Greeks than their conquerers. They could also have been Hittites, but this
is not very likely. In Book III of Homer’s Iliad Priam says:
“When I was in Phrygia I saw much horsemen,
the people of Otreus and of Mygdon, who were camping upon the
banks of the river Sangarius; I was their ally, and with them
when the Amazons, peers of men, came up against them, but even
they were not so many as the Achaeans.” Priam seems to be saying that
his people are neither Phrygians or Hittites, but we do not know which
is which. Their are a few details about life in Troy in the Iliad, but
obviously this covers a time when Troy was at war. The Trojans worshipped
the Greek deities but Priam ruled as an oriental potentate with a harem.
Question: I am the person who asked this question “It has been said many
times that ancient Greece is a man’s world” Do you agree or disagree? My
teacher said that ancient Greece was a man’s world. So I am not sure who to
believe in. Okay, if you disagree to this statement, can you list ten facts
to prove that you disagree or to prove why you disagree?
Answer: Hera, Aphrodite, Athena, Artemis, Hestia, Demeter, Persephone,
Hecate, Tethys, Mnemosyne, Themis. If a man were to cross any one of these
goddesses, he would be done in. Do you think any of these goddesses would
allow women to be abused or humiliated?
Question: Do you know what other things were found in an or the agora?
Answer: In addition to vendors there were assembly meetings, theatrical
performances, and even chariot races.
Question: Can you tell me what did the money changers do at an or the agora?
Answer: Money changers change foreign money into local money and provide
smaller denominations for larger ones, or vise versa. They also take
deposits and make loans. Some even provide shipping insurance.
Question: Do you know who would a greek master visit if he wanted something made?
Answer: A master sculptor would visit a smith for a chisel or casting.
for a mallet or a scaffold he would visit a joiner. For marble he would
visit the quarry of a miner.
Question: Do you know who carried purchases?
Answer: Purchases were usually carried in a cart driven by a carter.
Question: Where would a greek master buy things that he needed?
Answer: Many things could be purchased from a vendor in the Agora but
some things would be purchased at the home of the maker.
Question: Do you know if a greek master is a master sculptor?
Answer: The Greek sculptors were masters of all time and are still very
important. Greek playwrights and poets are similarly important. Also
ancient Greek philosophers and historians. But there were lesser masters
in wrestling, music, and arts which have more limited importance. Painters
may be important, but none of their work remains. Pottery masters may
be important but their contribution is debated and they are not well
identified. The ancient Greeks produced many different kind of masters
in many areas.
Question: Did they feed the babies to the crockidiles
Answer: This is very unlikely. Crocodiles are tropical animals that
do not live in Greece. These animals were plentiful in Egypt where they
were worshipped. Also exposure was not considered murder and unwanted
babies were exposed. Feeding babies to animals would have been considered
murder and was condemned by the ancient Greeks.
Question: pictures of pots
- Two men, a woman, and three pots, Würzburg L 507
- A potter woking on a pot, Harvard 1960.321 and 1958.19
- Purchase of a pot, Louvre CA 1852
- Cauldron and ram, Harvard 1960.315
- Man, meat, and cauldron, Louvre C 10918
Question: What was a grande, well known party or ‘ball’ of the gods & goddesses that I could use for a Homecoming theme?
Answer: The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis.
Question: what did mycenean women do?
Answer: Mycenaean women did the same things as their classical greek
counterparts, except they were less restricted in their movement. They
did not seem to be confined to the realm of the home. They also seemed to
be more active in politics and social life. Their weaving skills were more central to the economics of the culture than the weaving skills of classical women.
Question: did Ancient Greeks use toothpicks??
Answer: Tooth picks are much more likely than tooth brushes. They were
fortunate that their coarse diet helped their teeth.
Question: did Ancient Greeks have coffee?Did they use smoke or some kind of drugs?
Answer: No coffee or tea, but they did have wine and over 600 herbal
medicines including opium.
Question: What did ancient greek houses look like (In colour)?
Answer: The ancient Greek did not like to do images of their houses and
I know of none. But there are some reconstructions:
- Typical Greek House
- the opened right half of the door reveals a bed piled high with pillows within, Louvre CA 587
- Plan of a Greek House
- Ancient Greek House
Question: Do we know how women interacted with one another?
Answer: Not really. We have a lot of reports of what men saw. Women did
not report nearly as often, and sometimes their reports have been destroyed
by jealous men.
Question: What did women do outside the home?
Answer: On a daily basis some woman had to fetch fresh water, though this
was often a slave. The only other occaison that a woman had for leaving the
home on a regular basis was a festival. Festivals did occur every few days
so there were lots of opportunities to leave the home to be with other women.
Some festivals were for both sexes while others were for women only. Some
women did attend school which was outside the home. Hetaerae were able to
attend the men’s functions and were much freer to move about than the other
Question: compare and contrast family values
Answer: Your family was more important in ancient Greece. It determined
where you could live, who you could marry, and what kind of work you had.
It protected you from criminals and determined how much taxes you would pay.
If you were sick it determined what kind of care you got, and if you were
old or infirm it determined whether you got any care at all. If your family
was poor you could be sold into slavery to help pay of their debts.
Question: what was the schedule what children did in Ancient greece
Answer: Children became adults quite early. When they were very young
they played most of the day. When they could girls did work with their
mothers. Boys went to school. Girls were married about 13. After boys
went to school they helped their father. They were not married until 28
or so. Their daily schedule involved two meals: one at noon and one in
the evening. They worked in the morning and afternoon. The evening
meal was an extended social period. A bard might provide entertainment.
Question: What type of mines did they have
Answer: flat metal pans, pots, kettles, and cauldrons. Clay pots were also
used. Meat was cooked on a spit. Utensils included knives, pattles and wooden
spoons. Food was brought to the table on platters, but it was served on flat
Question: what were the kids schedules all day long
Answer: The sun determined when people got up and went to bed. The activities of small children were determined by the two meals served at noon and in the evening. The evening meal was a social time when the family gathered. Larger children went to school. Girls that did not want to go to school worked with their mothers.
Question: what is the chores of a kid in Athens?
Answer: Most boys and some girls had schoolwork for chores. Some of the
grirs did the same domestic work as their mother. This included carrying
water and wastes, grinding grain, and cleaning. Girls might spin, but they
probably did not weave until they were older.
Question: What times of the day did greeks pray?
Answer: One interesting feature of the ancient Greek worship is that they
had no mandatory religious rituals, but rather performed them as needed. But
there were daily prayers. One common prayer was that the house fire would
start. If it did not then someone from the house would have to make a trip to
the temple of Hestia to appease the goddess and get a light. Other daily
prayers might involve the weather or tasks of the day.
Question: what was barley meal used for in ancient greece and where is a website explaing it?
Answer: Of the grains barley grew best in ancient Greece. It was probably
a common ingredient in their flat bread. Like rice it can be steamed
and eaten alone or in soups.
Question: what were some of the roles in the ancient Greek familys?
The ancient Greek faqmily was a political unit that sometimes sent
a representative to serve in the government. Within that unit tasks were
divided by sex with women assigned to tasks in the home and men asigned to
tasks outside the home. Most of the women’s tasks were domestic. Exceptions
Included tasks relateds to clothing manufacture, bread making, the
sewing of seed, and the entertainment of men. Within the family most often
only the head man of the family issued commands to women with those commands
issued to his wife. The women had a chain of command that drifted down from
the head wife. The hetaerae who performed the entertainment existed outside
of this chain of command and negotiated with their clients.
The outside of the house activities performed by the men included labor
and trading, politics, and military. Men farmed, manufactured, transported
goods, crafted, and performed services.
Both men and women served the deities, and both cooked.
Question: Do you have a picture of Homer?
Answer: The Albani Homer (Roman copy of an original ca. 2 c. B.C., Image of Capitoline 558. But be aware that this piece was sculpted some 600 years after Homer died.
Question: What was the life of a bard probably like?
Answer: Bards led an itinerant life. They traveled around the country
staying as an honored guest in homes where they made their presentation.
They did not travel alone but brought aprentices with them. They attended
public meetings and court sessions where they learned news. They also attended
presentations by other bards. Sometimes at festivals bardic competitions were
held. They earned money by reciting or writing poetry.
Questions: is it allways hot i acient greece?
Answer: The weather in Greece has gotten a little hotter over the years.
Ancient Greece had warm summers and mild winters.
Question: why were craftsmen imprtant in ancient greece
Answer: The craftsman were the ones who made the art that made ancient Greece
famous. It is clear they were motivated more by religion than money because
when their religion was broken, the art stopped. The ancient Romans even
noticed this. The ancient Romans demanded the Greek art and payed high prices
for it, but the Greeks lost their ability to produce it.
Answer: The first recorded Olympic champion was a Greek cook named
Koroibos. Both men an women cooked and I suspect some were slaves and others
not. Men often cooked the meat while women cooked bread.
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