The information presented here represents my impressions as a result of
reading in the subject over many years. I present this information with
the purpose of providing ideas and stimulus for further research. Feel
free to quote me, but undertand that some of my statements will require
additional substantiation from ancient sources. There is a bibliography
included which should document my main sources.
Questions and Answers about Women in Ancient Greek Drama Set I
Comment: In a question asked about the participation of women in Greek theatr
e, you answered that women probably were allowed to attend the theatre. I believe
that is incorrect. In ancient Greece, only citizens were allowed to attend
the theatre of Dionysis. This excludes women.
Answer:” H.D.F Kitto, in is book ‘The Greeks’ makes the following comment on
p. 233.: The ancient “‘Life of Aeschylus’ tells the story that the Chorus of Furies in
the ‘Eumenenides’ was so terrific that boys died of fright and women had
miscarriages — a silly enough tale, but whoever first told it obviously
thought that women did attend the theatre.” Minoan art plainly shows women acting as goddesses with women attendants. Since the theater rose out of religious ceremonies, it stands to reason that women participated. Kitto does complain that what you say is fairly commonly claimed in recent years. Perhaps you can find a ancient reference to back you
Comment: I am doing an anotated bibiography on women in dramatic literature and came across your comment. I am taking an introduction to theatre class and I was taught that women were not allowed in the theatre. I talked to my teacher about it and was told that it is debatable whether they did attend or not. I have also found a web page that attempts to answer the question as well, if you care to look.
My observation, that theater is related to Minoan religious festivals
in which women clearly participated, is not considered in the article you
reference. I am, of course referring to a time about 1000 years prior to the
classical Greek period. H. D. F. Kitto is refering to the debate referenced.
At the present I consider him the best reference.
Question: What element of costume was vital 2 the actors ability 2 play numer
ous roles without being detected?
Answer: Greek drama made use of the mask.
Question: What is a stasimon and a parados?
Answer: These words seem related to the words stasis and paradox. The
parados is the first chorus entrance. Chorus songs are called stasima.
Question: the 2 essential elements of the original Greek plays, which
clearly defined the role of the chorus, were ________ and _______.
Answer: Song and dance.
Question: What was the name of a 3 day annual festival held for Dionysius?
Answer: The Haloa was one Dionysian festival. But drama grew out of the
worship of Dionysius, and as a result all drama were performed at a festival
of Dionysius. The plays were performed during 7 to 8 hours on the days
11-13 in the Greek month Elaphebolion. This corresponds to the festival of
Question: What is a mechane?
Answer: ‘μᾱχᾰνά’ — a theatrical machine like a crane that was used by which the gods etc. could appear in the air.
Question: Did women preform in the theater?
Answer: This is a subject about which there is great debate. Most information has woman excluded from the theaters in classical times. Before this the situation is fuzzy. The
theater grew out of religious festivals and there is evidence that women participated in festivals where women played the part of a goddess in the Minoan Culture. This would put women in dramatizations but not in drama.
Question: what evidence can theaters supply us for “the rise of the individual” in the hellenistic age?
Answer: Drama reflects the taste of the audience. Playwrights also look to
their society for models for their characters. The trick would be to find
contemporary dramas or historical records. During that period I find
Menander and Polybius who could be studied. Other authors include Quintus
Smyrnaeus, Theocritus, Bion, and Moschus. Aristophanes is just before the very
beginning of the Hellenistic age, while Demosthenes passes into it.
Aristotle’s Poetics might be very useful. You might be able to find ancient
comments on the Poetics which are also useful.
The first dramas were entirely religious. The characters were more archytypes. But as drama evolved the characters became more personalized. Even during the classical period dramas were mostly religious in nature with The Persians b3eing a naotable exception. The comedies of Aristophanes deal more with individuals and their lives. Later the entertainment value of the theater has become evident and the plys focus on individuals.
Question: How does the role of women in ancient Greek art, compare to
the role that Helen & Theonoe played in Euripides’ Helen?
Answer: Their role is consistent with the role of women. Both women are
secluded and under the control of one man, Theonoe’s brother Theoclymenus.
But they are able to do a lot anyway. Toward the end of the play
Theoclymenus says “I have been duped and tricked with women’s artful
treacheries.” When you try to control people, and the Greek men tried to
control women, you find things get done behind your back. It would be better
to educate the women so they know what to do. It is often easier to just
do what the women want, and if you have kept them ignorant, you will be doing
some pretty ignorant things.
Question: i have an interdiciplinary project to do, using ‘oedipus’ and pre-hellinistic greek references. i plan to do it the impact plays and drama had on the greek people (lessons and morals conveyed by the plays themselves), and how their orgins came through religious festivals. can you set me in the right direction?
Answer: There is no doubt that Oedipus-Rex involves a moral lesson, but
Sophocles died in 406 BCE and Hellenism started in 338 BCE so you must find a
reference in a short window of time. But an old Plato or a young Aristotle
might work. The strongest moral lesson involves the father of Oedipus,
King Laius. His mistake was thinking that he could challenge fate. Our
problem is that we do not think that fate is cast as solidly as the ancient
Greeks believed, nor do we think much of fortune telling. But what happened
was that fate and right turned into logic, and the question becomes
more interesting when you think about logic as a ground for moral action.
In Euripides, Hecuba line 798 Hecuba declares:
“I may be a slave and weak as well, but the gods are strong, and Custom too which prevails over them, for by custom it is that we believe in them and set up boundaries of right and wrong for our lives. Now if this principle, when referred to you, is to be set at nothing, and they are to escape punishment who murder guests or dare to plunder the temples of gods, then all fairness in human matters is at an end.”
Here Hecuba argues for the moral force of logic, a concept which corresponds to philosophic discussion of the time
Question: I have a paper due on Antigone. I must compare and contrast Antigone by Jean Anouilh and the Antigone by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald. I dont know where to start.
Answer: Start with Antigone by Sophocles. This play has much to
say to the contemporary audience, but the environment of the story could
use some updating. Is this what these modern authors have done? Why would
they bother to improve on Sophocles?
Question: Have any women ever played in a Ancient Greek play?
Answer: In ancient times in classical Greece in the dramas that have come
down to us, all the actors were men. In modern times many women have performed in Greek plays.
Answer:There is a reference to drumming in Euripides, Helen line 1338
“When she made an end to banquets for gods and the race of men, Zeus spoke out, appeasing the Mother’s gloomy wrath: “Go, holy Graces, go and with a loud cry take from Demeter’s angry heart her grief for the maiden; and you, Muses, with song and dance.” Then Kypris, fairest of the blessed gods, first took up the rumbling voice of bronze and the drum with tight-stretched skin; and the goddess smiled, and received in her hand the deep-toned flute, pleased with its loud note.”
Question: How does the role of women in entertainment today compare to the role of women in the ancient greek theatre?
Answer: Some of the most dramatic roles for women are found in the ancient
Greek plays. These are unprecedented because of the seclusion of women of
the time and because the actors and audience were mainly men. The women
of Greek theater were sometimes powerful women powerfully portrayed. The
women of today want to be powerful, but they do not want to be powerfully
portrayed. They seem to prefer sexy roles where they are rewarded for
Question: Noting the obvious differences between men and women (voice,
body, emotions), why did the Greeks insist on men playing female parts? What
was gained and/or lost by so doing?
Answer: The Greek drama arose from a male choral festival. They satisfied
their need for tradition by doing this. There were similar female festivals
that went another way. They were quite serious at first since it was a
religious festival and not really for entertainment. They got a more objective
view of women this way. Men had to understand how women behaved to write
the dramas and men had to understand how women behave to perform them.
Question: why was there an all male cast during classical greek theatre
Answer: Mainly it was a matter of tradition. Greek drama grew from a
male chorus that performed during an all male religious festival.
Question: How did women’s life change from then and now?
Answer: Then there was slavery, women had no education, could not vote,
and stayed secluded. Now slavery is gone, women are educated, vote, and
can go anywhere they want. But to be an Antigone is still hard.
Question: What role did music play in Greek theatre
Answer: The chorus was chanted and sung. Music was monophonic so the chorus sang in unison. The ancient Greek dramas were more like the operas of today. Music was an integral part of these events.
Question: I am researching the reasons for the exclusion of women within ancient greek theatre. Could you help?
Answer: Yes. The reasons are entirely historic. Greek drama grew out of
a religious festival that was for men only. There were similar festivals for
women only, but drama did not result.
Question: what were the differences between the Ancient Greeks’ classes in way of life?
Answer: As you would expect the wealthy had their tokens of wealth and the
slaves did menial work for the most part. But this statement does not
get at what was unusual about Greek (and especially Athenian) society. The
populace was very civic minded and they placed more emphasis on what they
did in the community than what they did at home. The most visible result
of this is that their public places and temples were beautiful and well
decorated, while their homes were plain. Festivals and other public events
were very important, and it is likely that the more prominent citizens took
a more prominent role.
Question: what is the most significant diffrence betwin the woman in greece and the woman in Rom?
Answer: The Roman ladies wielded considerably more political power and were
cosiderably more free in their movements than the Greek ladies. But in spite
of this the educational oppotunities for the Greek ladies were greater and
they accomplished significantly more.
Question: Where certain people not allowed to act?
Answer: Greek drama occurred in the context of a religious festival for
men. One must expect rituals in this context and one ritual involved the
exclusion of women.
Question: What was the role of Greek women in philosophy, literature, politics, and how were they received by their counterparts
Answer: Women made a significant contribution to each of these areas in
spite of the fact that during the classical period they tended to be secluded
in their homes. Within their own culture they were sometimes appreciated and
sometimes ridiculed but this is often the price of fame. Not only did they
make a direct contribution, but they also played a supportive role. Xantippe’s
wealth allowed Socrates to philosophize. They also served as a model for the
creators who produced works that included women. The ancient Greek women
are some of the most productive of any culture.
Question: I am doing a report on The Women of Acient Greece. I want to know how the men treated the women of this time.
Answer: A lot depends upon when, in the period and who, you are talking
about. The Minoans worshipped women. The Myceneans converted to a sky-god
that raped a lot of women. They had powerful women queens, but they also had
women slaves who did what they were told. The classical greeks were careful
to seclude their wives, which protected them from being raped, but kept them
from shopping and moving about. These women did not go to school, but they did
learn things from their fathers and brothers. The hetaerae were a class of
women that did go to school and were allowed to move about, but they had the
indignity of being entertainers and prostitutes. The women slaves could easily
be turned into sex slaves. Some of the women were very successful and
productive as artists or scientists, but they sometimes were humiliated for
their success as women.
Question: Are there any other facts about any kind of ancient greece theater that would be suitible for a report
Answer: There are a number of interesting concepts that could be developed
in terms of Greek Drama: Totemism, Family relations, Property(particularly
land). These concepts changed from the time of the subjects of the dramas
and the time the dramas were written.
Question: who were the three famous philosphers in Greek history
Answer: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Question: i am writing a term paper – a comparison of male-female
orientation in ancient Greek mythology vs. ancient Greek culture. any
pertinent info. would be appreciated.
Answer: There is much material on this site. You need to remember that the
situation was much different during Mycenean times when the characters in the
dramas lived, and classical Greek times when the damatists lived.
Question: Who are the main script writers in Greek Drama?
Answer: The great Greek playwrights wrote the first great dramas and many
of them are still worth reading. The great authors are: Aeschylus,
Aristophanes, Euripides, Sophocles. Unfortunately the works of many other talented writers have been lost
Question: I was conducting some reasearch on your website. I came across your sentence that states, if women were involved in acting in ancient greece is debatible. In all of my other sources, it says that they WERE NOT. What is your source?!?!?!?!
Answer: Drama as we know it came from the Greek festival of Dionysius which was for men only. But the notion that women were not even spectators at these events is ridiculous. This subject is discussed
in the book by H. D. F. Kitto cited in the Bibliography at
But women had their own festivals. Though there is no real debate about whether women were involved in drama, there is question about whether they were involved in acting. Harrison, in her book states it this way” Most primitive
religions have ‘dromena’ but from the religion of Dionysious sprang the drama. The analogy between ‘dromena’, things done, actions, and ‘drama’,
a Thing Acted in the stage sense, has often been observed,….” She also points out that the rituals which stimulated the development of drama came partly from the religion of Crete. It is in Crete that the question of whether women acted
is most relevant. The fact is that a number of images from Crete are explained by saying that a priestess is acting in the role of the goddess, for example:
Question: Why, if women were so unimportant in the politics of a male dominated society, did they have so much power and impact as godesses and characters in plays?
Answer: Women were important to Classical Greece, but the men took care of
the politics for them. The plays were about a much different society that
existed 800 years earlier. The stories about the goddesses may have been much
older and may reflect the situaltion in an even older society.
Question: facts of women in ancient rome
Answer: The following site is available:
Question: how was the god of it
Answer: Dionysius was the god of drama.
Question: Why were they treated so roughly
Answer: Life was rougher because they had fewer resources and less knowledge
of how to use those resources.
Question: Why was it that women were not allowed to be in the dramas before 1660?
Answer: In ancient Greece drama was part of a festival for men only, so only
men actor’s were used. Later it was felt that it was immoral for a woman to
appear on a stage. This may have been because of the nature of comedy. The comedies of Aristophanes were pretty bawdy. Later theater may have been more influenced by Aristophanes than Aeschylus.
Question: what were greek woman’s interests, rights and personalitites??
Answer: Women did not have rights. This is a concept that was foreign
to the Ancient Greeks. They had roles. Their main role was the bearing
of children, which they did take an interest in. They also took an interest
in traditional women’s roles such as food preparation and the preparation
of clothes including weaving and sewing. But the women of ancient Greece were
an active part of a very creative culture and they participated to a great
depth in a wide variety of interests including: poetry, healing arts, prophecy,
sculpture, painting, music performance and composition, education, astronomy,
astrology, philosophy, athletics, religion, rhetoric, writing plays, history,
politics, mathematics, martial arts, dance. Greek drama displays women
with a wide range of personalities. These range through compliant servant
girls, delightful entertainers, working women, dutiful wives, faithless wives,
loyalists, schemers, lovers, vengeful social climbers, queens, and concubines.
Question: what clothing did the trojan people wear?
Answer: Probably the same clothing as the Minoans and Mycenaeans. Later the people of the region are imaged in Phrygian attire. Classic Greek art does not distinguish the clothing of the Triojans from the rest of Greece. The Amazons, who lived just east of the Trojans, were imaged with Phrygian attire in Classical times.
Question: I have to do a senior research on ancient literature, could you
assist me in finding websites on ancient literatue, goddess and women
Question: What roles did women play in shaping Greek Society as it is today
Answer: This site is about Ancient Greece and not about Modern Greece.
Ancient Greek Culture, and the ancient Greek religion have had a world-wide
influence on art, science, and religion. When the Greeks converted to
Christianity in about 125 AD this influence was greatly reduced.
Question: What is the significant role of female in ancient greek drama,
especially in Sophocles?
Answer: Sophocles wrote about Antigone and Electra. Both are women
challenging the rule of men.
Question: i have to do a research paper for my senior class, I’m doinit on
the role of women in greek society. what would be the best to base my paper on?
Answer: You need to narrow your topic. Here are some examples:
- The role of women in the Odyssey, then study the Odyssey of Homer.
- The role of women in the Iliad, then study the Iliad.
- The role of women in Orestes, then study the plays.
- The role of women in Athens as illustrated with Athenian pottery.
- How the stories of the Amazons affected the role of women.
Question: where do you get this information from?
Answer: There is a bibliography at:
Question: education of children
Answer: All children from birth to about 5, 6 or 7 were educated by their mother. The value of this education is not well studied. At this age the children seem to have been left to play. At the end of this period for boys school was a school house and a teacher. Subjects included reading, writing, arithmetic,literature, music, lyric poetry, and physical
education. Girls did not have to go to school. Sometimes they went to dance and music lessons, but most learning was done from their mother, other women, or their husband after
they were married. Some Greek women also learned from a brother who went to
school, or their father. There were special schools for the women who wanted
to become a hetara. The women of ancient Greece are some of the best
educated women ever in spite of the fact that they were often confined to the
Question: C.J.Herington claims that “..in the Athenian tragedies…to
condemn women as aclass, to reject the feminine outright, is regularly a
sign of a flawed character and impending disaster”. For example, Eteocles is
doomed when he unnecessarily retributes the chorus of women in Aechylus’ Seven
Against Thebes. Are there any other greek plays which bear this factor and do
you think that it is a fair assumption?
Answer: Rejecting the feminine outright is probably a sign of insanity, so
the claim is a good one. This is called misogyny. There is a reference at
Click here. Euripides was accused of being a misogynist.
Question: What are some plays in which Sophocles’ displays the struggle
Answer:Antigone, Electra, Oedipus Rex
Question: I have to do a research paper and my topic is the inequality of
women in ancient Greece where could I go to find more information on this
Answer: This site has lots of infomation on that topic. Click on the Menu
Directory below and then click on the politics page. Many of the other pages
can be used. Check out the resource page for other useful sites.
Question: what is Shakespear’s thoughts on the role of women?
Answer: Shakespeare lived almost 2000 years after the ancient Greeks so
his thoughts do not belong here. He did use material from the Greek myths.
More important is the fact that he lived during the time of Queen Elizabeth I
who ruled England very well and long. He was, no doubt, influenced by the
example of his Queen.
Question: I am writing a paper on the similarities and differences (compare
& contrast) Clytemnestra(Agamemnon) and Jocasta(oedipus rex). I know the
content of the plays but I am having trouble finding ways to connect them.
Answer: Clytemnestra is a character in the following plays:
- Agamemnon by Aeschylus
- The Libation Bearers by Aeschylus
- Electra by Sophocles
- Electra by Euripides
Jocasta is a character in the Oedipus Rex by Sphocles.
Note that both women were queens of a territory and their husbands became
king because they both killed the former king. Jocasta did not know this,
however. Orestes killed his mother, Clytemnestra, because she had killed his
father. Jocasta killed herself because her husband was her son who had killed
Question: how did women influence the roles of men characters in the
oddyssey, shaname ( Sohrab and Rostam )
Answer: Society consists of men and women relating to work out their various
roles in life. The society of the Odyssey was no different. What is
remarkable about the Odyssey is the variety of roles that women are found in.
The generality of these roles also makes the Odyssey more relevant.
Rostam and Sohrab is a tragedy from the Persian epic Shahnameh. It tells the tragic story of the heroes Rostam and his son, Sohrab.
Question: about medea
Answer: See Medea.
Question: How does Jocasta in Sophocles’ _Oedipus the King_ compare with
Medea in the play of the same name by Euripides?
Answer: Medea acts. Jocasta reacts.
Question: im doing a research paper on lysistrata and i dont want to do it
on its symbolism of feminism any suggestions?
Answer: There is a lot in this play suggestive of the normal behavior of
the citizens. When one of the women says “you’ll never eat garlic and black
beans again.” one can conclude that black beans and garlic were part of the
diet. There is also stinging criticism of the politics of the day.
Question: Did Greek women attend the performances of greek drama?
Answer: It was a festival for men, but at such an exciting event it would
be hard to keep them out.
Question: What were the main events or avtivities that the ancient greece
women would participate in?
Answer: There were many religious activies that they participted in many at the temples of the goddesses outside the home. Otherwise they supervised the household, took care of the children, and wove. The hetaerae were entertainers who participated in the events for men.
Question: How did women progress in greek theatre
Answer: Because Greek theater was part of a festival for men, women did
not participate. But because women were important to Greek society, women
had very strong roles in the plays but these parts were performed by men.
Question: who were some powerful women leaders in ancient greece
Answer: From Judy Chicago:
- Atalanta/Mythical hunter, warrior and athlete.
- Clytemnestra/Greek queen and legendary matriarch.
- 13th c. BCE/Lampedo/Queen of the Amazons
- 13th c. BCE/Martesia/Sister-Queen of the Amazons
- fl. 1290 BCE/Medusa/Amazon leader
- 5th c. BCE/Artemesia I/ Ruler and naval strategist
- 4th c. BCE/Aspasia/Advisor to Pericles
Question: When were Greek plays peformed?
Answer: only during the few days of the festival of Dionysos.
Question: What were the roles of men in ancient Greek drama?
Answer: Because Greek drama was performed during a festival for men, men
performed all the roles. The role of hero was fairly common. But many of the roles seemed to mirror the roles of men in society.
Question: HI i’m doing a 4 page assignment about greek drama could you tell
me what are the most important subject I could talk about and could you give
me heaps of info about it.
Answer: Greek drama was developed in a festival for men and flowered in a
Society where women were politically unimportant and isolated. It seems odd
that women should be included prominently in the drama and that they should
becom heroines. Yet Antigone, Medea, and Electra are characters in some of
the most powerful roles ever written. This is an important subject which you
can investigate further by going to the Menu Directory below and clicking on
the names of each of these ladies.
Question: What are the standards of beauty in ancient Greek society?
Answer: The standards are still conveyed by the great art they produced.
Because of the greatness of the art a verbal list is hard to provide, athough
some have attempted measurements of the Venus de Milo. It is better to study
the art itself to determine the standards.
nus de Milo.
Question: Were there any Goddesses then ?
Answer: Homer reports the existence of goddesses in the Iliad and the
Odyssey. These two books were taken as a true statement of the nature of the
world until about 125 AD.
Question: hi.I am in gr6 and I have a project due.can you help me?I am
arguing against another group that men shouldn’t have been the head of the
family,& that women should have been treated with respect.They also should
have had the same rights that men did.can you give me some reasons?
Answer: You should study the play Lysistrata by Aristophanes.
The best head of the family is the person who has sense and can lead.
Women should always be treated with respect. If they are not respected then
the children they are raising will not be respected. The early education
of a child is the most important.
Legally, men and women should have the same rights. Both are an important
part of the community and should be supported. People who are debased will
not work well and support the community.
Question: can you tell me the most famous woman in ancient greece and
information about her because i need to write 10 questions and their answers
so please help me out!!
Answer: The most famous woman in pre-classical Greece was Helen. The
most famous woman in classical Greece was Aspasia. You can click on the
menu directory below and get information on these and other famous women of
Question: what are the elements of a tradegy
- a noble person
- a character flaw in the noble person, such as pride, envy, etc.
- a divine law or precept that is broken by the flaw.
- downfall or destruction of the noble person
A tragedy call also be viewed as a noble struggle against impossible odds
that eventually overwhelm with a resulting apotheosis.
Question: I’M DOING A YEAR 12 ASSIGNMENT AND I HAVE TO COME THE
ADVANTAGES THAT THE MODERN FEMAIL ACTOR HAS IN ENHANCING HER
THEMES, ISSUES, CHARACTERISATION AND SO ON OVER THE ACTOR ON A 4TH
CENTURY BC GREEK AMPITHEATER? CAN YOU HELP ME WITH ANY INFORMATION?
Answer: The study of female roles in the drama of ancient Greece is
an excellent topic. The modern female actress has the advantage of a
sympathetic understanding of the role because in those days all the actors
were male. You might find some examples where this would be especially true.
Question: How valuable is Greek drama (particularly looking at Antigone,
Lysistrata,Medea,Thesmophoriazusae)as a source of information about the lives
of women in ancient Athens?
Answer: It is extremely valuable especially when you consider how much
information there is about women in other cultures of the time. You should
also consider the enormous impact these works have had on the lives of women
down through the ages. That is not to say that the information is easy to
interpret. Realize that these plays are written by Athenian men who are
writing about women who lived 800 years before them. Fortunately we have
supportive information from other media of the time. It is a very valuable
exercise and you should pursue it.
Question: information on a great male actor of anciet Athens in the 5th
Answer:”The tragic poets of the 5th century BCE, most notably Phrynicus and
Aeschylus, not only composed the plays but acted in them, directed them, and
choreographed them.” This is a quote from a web page about ancient Greek drama
that is no longer available.
Phrynichus was an Athenian tragic poet who lived in the 6th through the
5th centuries BCE. Ancient authors believed he originated tragedy. Between
511 and 508 BCE he won his first victory for tragedy. In spite of his fame
only a few fragments of his plays survive. One of his most famous was one on
the capture of Miletus by the Persians. This one was probably produced about
492 BCE. This play was so upsetting to the Athenians that they fined him
for producing it. He may have been the first tragic poet to introduce female
characters. He did this by using a female mask.
Question: In your opinion, what are the three best drama examples to use
when trying to illustrate famous heroines in literature?
Answer: Antigone, Electra, Medea.
Question: What are women’s roles in Greek society and what are the
differences between that and their roles in Greek literature/drama and why?
Thank you very much!
Answer: In classical Greek society women were isolated from men and their
role was defined in terms of child bearing and other activities that they
could do in the home. The women of Art and Literature were not so isolated
and confined. This is because the Greek artists and authors chose to write
about a society that existed in the distant past. The only way that they
knew about that society was through epic poetry and other hearsay that was
passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. The context of
the art was usually religious so the stories were considered truthful by the
classical Greeks. The tales gave the general report but when the classical
artists wished to provide realistic details they had to turn to their local
society for examples. The reader of the classical literature has to decide
for which society each statement is true.
One example of how the interpretion must be made is the matter of freedom.
In the literature the ancient ladies seem free to move about and interact
with men. But archeological studies suggest that the Mycenean society was
much more involved with taboos than the classical society. But the epics
did not transmit information about taboos. Women in many societies have
suffered many restrictions as a result of taboos, so it is reasonable to assume
the the Mycenean ladies were similarly restricted. The classical ladies were
confined to their quarters. This may have been a conscious choice to protect
them from rape and the enforcement of taboos. The classical ladies may have
been freer in confinement than the Mycenean ladies were with their taboos.
Question: I am presenting an oral on the following topic: What was the role
of Theatre in Athens up to and just after Sophocles? I am finding it extreamly
difficult to access any information, so if you have an answers regarding this
question, I would apreciate it ASAP. Thanking you.
Answer: The following articles may help:
- Did the Women of Ancient Athens Attend the Theater?
- Drama: The Greek Theatre and Three Athenian Tragedians: Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides
- Sophocles (c. 496-406 B.C.)
Question: women and culture.
Answer: Culture involves skills that are passed on by education and training
and are devloped by discipline and practice. Women have always been involved
with their own culture related to the family and child rearing. But they
have always been involved in early childhood education as well. In many
societies they are involved in later aspects of education as well. In ancient
Greece the separation of women emphasized a separate women’s culture with separate roles for women and special religious holidays and festivals.
Question: what year were women allowed to go in the plays?
Answer: In ancient Greece drama was part of a religious festival for men,
but by Roman times everyone went to the theater.
Question: ancient greek boys?
Answer: Boys participated in the chorus.
Question: how has the myth of pandora reflected attitudes towards the role
of the female in classical greek society
Answer: The Greek males did a lot of wondering about the role of women in
society. They wanted to control them but they never could. The myth of
Pandora seems to reflect their general perplexity. This myth is not helpful in
identifying the proper role of women.
Question: What was the role of the audience in an Athenian theater?
Answer: The drama of ancient Greece was a religious ceremony in which the
audience witnessed the effects of the deities. In some of the comedies of Aristophanes the audience is actually referenced.
Question: Whatwas the role of song and dance in Greek theater?
Answer: Song and dance was believed to be pleasant to the deities. The ancient dramas were more like modern operas so music and dance were central to the theater of ancient Greece
Question: i am writing a research on the position of women in greece, in
the classical, archaic and hellenistic periods due to laws literature arts
Answer: You are planning a many volume book which you will probably never
finish. Pick a much smaller topic. I might suggest that you write on
the position of women in the classical period due to religion. This would
only take 1 book. If you studied the position of Cassandra in Greece due
to the religion of the time, you might have a good Phd. thesis topic. A
master’s thesis might study the religious implications of the rape of
Cassandra. A term paper might involve Cassandra’s involvement with the
Question: any modern movies influenced by greek plays?
Answer: Every movie owes a debt to Greek drama to some extent because
Greek drama established the idea of drama and plays. Likewise shakespearean
theater was influenced by Greek drama which in turn has had an influence
on many movies. It may make more sense to turn the question around and ask,
for any movie, what were the influences of the Greek drama. The last
movie I saw was “Space Cowboys”. This, of course, was a space odyssey.
Even this movie has much in common with Greek drama. One could easily
argue that this is influence. The influence of Greek drama is pervasive.
Question: I have a question about how the Greek culture expressed the idea
“Man (meaning human beings) is a measure of all things” in the drama?
Answer: Man is the measure of all things means man sets the standard against
which other things are judged. This means that the goal of human action should
be good for man in general. This is consistent with the idea that if you do
good then you will be rewarded in this life. The dramas generally deal with
human interactions and how their results are played out. You can then see
the relation between the actions and their consequences.
Question: Is Shiva, Parvati and their children on Mount Kailasa a work of
Answer: This seems to be from India.
Question: do you like ducks? do do do
Answer: Cranes were much more important to the ancient Greeks than ducks.
Question: What other name is the Pythia known by?
Answer: The oracle of Delphi was called Pythia. This is also the epithet of Artemis at Branchidae.
Question: what are some of the main events tha took place in acient rome?
Answer: This site is about the role of women in ancient Greek art. Rome
Question: How were women portrayed by playwrites in anciet greek theatre?
Answer: Women were portrayed as important.
Question: what level of intelligence did society think that the average
greek woman attained?
Answer: Many Greek women were known for their intelligence. The fact that
Athena was the goddess of wisdom helped, no doubt.
Question: what influenced classical greek and roman drama from the time of
the early church to the time of shakespheare in the last renaissance
Answer: Greek drama was frozen after the Roman period. I have no information on Roman drama.
Question: what about greek priests and priestesses
Answer: Priests served gods and priestesses served goddesses. Both were
highly respected members of Greek society.
Question: what was the role of the chorus in The Bacchae?
Answer: The chorus of Bacchantes has the role in lyrical outburts of
the most exalted delight and beauty of singing the praises of Dionysus.
Question: How are the women in Oedipus and Lysistrata different?
Answer: The women in Lysistrata were active and the women in Oedipus were
Question: Why are women used in Greek Theatre where in society they play
such a small role?
Answer: Women had a separate role from men, but it was not small. Women
were portrayed in Greek theater because they were important to men.