The Role of Women in the Art of Ancient Greece

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Questions and Answers about Women in Ancient Greek Drama Set I

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The information presented here represents my impressions as a result of reading in the subject over many years. I present this information with the purpose of providing ideas and stimulus for further research. Feel free to quote me, but undertand that some of my statements will require additional substantiation from ancient sources. There is a bibliography included which should document my main sources.

Questions and Answers about Women in Ancient Greek Drama Set I

Comment: In a question asked about the participation of women in Greek theatr e, you answered that women probably were allowed to attend the theatre. I believe that is incorrect. In ancient Greece, only citizens were allowed to attend the theatre of Dionysis. This excludes women.

Answer:" H.D.F Kitto, in is book 'The Greeks' makes the following comment on p. 233.: The ancient "'Life of Aeschylus' tells the story that the Chorus of Furies in the 'Eumenenides' was so terrific that boys died of fright and women had miscarriages -- a silly enough tale, but whoever first told it obviously thought that women did attend the theatre." Minoan art plainly shows women acting as goddesses with women attendants. Since the theater rose out of religious ceremonies, it stands to reason that women participated. Kitto does complain that what you say is fairly commonly claimed in recent years. Perhaps you can find a ancient reference to back you up.

Comment: I am doing an anotated bibiography on women in dramatic literature and came across your comment. I am taking an introduction to theatre class and I was taught that women were not allowed in the theatre. I talked to my teacher about it and was told that it is debatable whether they did attend or not. I have also found a web page that attempts to answer the question as well, if you care to look. Click here

My observation, that theater is related to Minoan religious festivals in which women clearly participated, is not considered in the article you reference. I am, of course referring to a time about 1000 years prior to the classical Greek period. H. D. F. Kitto is refering to the debate referenced. At the present I consider him the best reference.

Question: What element of costume was vital 2 the actors ability 2 play numer ous roles without being detected?

Answer: Greek drama made use of the mask.

Question: What is a stasimon and a parados?

Answer: These words seem related to the words stasis and paradox. The parados is the first chorus entrance. Chorus songs are called stasima.

Question: the 2 essential elements of the original Greek plays, which clearly defined the role of the chorus, were ________ and _______.

Answer: Song and dance.

Question: What was the name of a 3 day annual festival held for Dionysius?

Answer: The Haloa was one Dionysian festival. But drama grew out of the worship of Dionysius, and as a result all drama were performed at a festival of Dionysius. The plays were performed during 7 to 8 hours on the days 11-13 in the Greek month Elaphebolion. This corresponds to the festival of Dionysia.

Question: What is a mechane?

Answer: 'μᾱχᾰνά' -- a theatrical machine like a crane that was used by which the gods etc. could appear in the air.

Question: Did women preform in the theater?

Answer: This is a subject about which there is great debate. Most information has woman excluded from the theaters in classical times. Before this the situation is fuzzy. The theater grew out of religious festivals and there is evidence that women participated in festivals where women played the part of a goddess in the Minoan Culture. This would put women in dramatizations but not in drama.

Question: what evidence can theaters supply us for "the rise of the individual" in the hellenistic age?

Answer: Drama reflects the taste of the audience. Playwrights also look to their society for models for their characters. The trick would be to find contemporary dramas or historical records. During that period I find Menander and Polybius who could be studied. Other authors include Quintus Smyrnaeus, Theocritus, Bion, and Moschus. Aristophanes is just before the very beginning of the Hellenistic age, while Demosthenes passes into it. Aristotle's Poetics might be very useful. You might be able to find ancient comments on the Poetics which are also useful.

The first dramas were entirely religious. The characters were more archytypes. But as drama evolved the characters became more personalized. Even during the classical period dramas were mostly religious in nature with The Persians b3eing a naotable exception. The comedies of Aristophanes deal more with individuals and their lives. Later the entertainment value of the theater has become evident and the plys focus on individuals.

Question: How does the role of women in ancient Greek art, compare to the role that Helen & Theonoe played in Euripides' Helen?

Answer: Their role is consistent with the role of women. Both women are secluded and under the control of one man, Theonoe's brother Theoclymenus. But they are able to do a lot anyway. Toward the end of the play Theoclymenus says "I have been duped and tricked with women's artful treacheries." When you try to control people, and the Greek men tried to control women, you find things get done behind your back. It would be better to educate the women so they know what to do. It is often easier to just do what the women want, and if you have kept them ignorant, you will be doing some pretty ignorant things.

Question: i have an interdiciplinary project to do, using 'oedipus' and pre-hellinistic greek references. i plan to do it the impact plays and drama had on the greek people (lessons and morals conveyed by the plays themselves), and how their orgins came through religious festivals. can you set me in the right direction?

Answer: There is no doubt that Oedipus-Rex involves a moral lesson, but Sophocles died in 406 BCE and Hellenism started in 338 BCE so you must find a reference in a short window of time. But an old Plato or a young Aristotle might work. The strongest moral lesson involves the father of Oedipus, King Laius. His mistake was thinking that he could challenge fate. Our problem is that we do not think that fate is cast as solidly as the ancient Greeks believed, nor do we think much of fortune telling. But what happened was that fate and right turned into logic, and the question becomes more interesting when you think about logic as a ground for moral action.

In Euripides, Hecuba line 798 Hecuba declares:

"I may be a slave and weak as well, but the gods are strong, and Custom too which prevails over them, for by custom it is that we believe in them and set up boundaries of right and wrong for our lives. Now if this principle, when referred to you, is to be set at nothing, and they are to escape punishment who murder guests or dare to plunder the temples of gods, then all fairness in human matters is at an end."

Here Hecuba argues for the moral force of logic, a concept which corresponds to philosophic discussion of the time

Question: I have a paper due on Antigone. I must compare and contrast Antigone by Jean Anouilh and the Antigone by Dudley Fitts and Robert Fitzgerald. I dont know where to start.

Answer: Start with Antigone by Sophocles. This play has much to say to the contemporary audience, but the environment of the story could use some updating. Is this what these modern authors have done? Why would they bother to improve on Sophocles?

Question: Have any women ever played in a Ancient Greek play?

Answer: In ancient times in classical Greece in the dramas that have come down to us, all the actors were men. In modern times many women have performed in Greek plays.

Question: drumming

Answer:There is a reference to drumming in Euripides, Helen line 1338

"When she made an end to banquets for gods and the race of men, Zeus spoke out, appeasing the Mother's gloomy wrath: “Go, holy Graces, go and with a loud cry take from Demeter's angry heart her grief for the maiden; and you, Muses, with song and dance.” Then Kypris, fairest of the blessed gods, first took up the rumbling voice of bronze and the drum with tight-stretched skin; and the goddess smiled, and received in her hand the deep-toned flute, pleased with its loud note."

Question: How does the role of women in entertainment today compare to the role of women in the ancient greek theatre?

Answer: Some of the most dramatic roles for women are found in the ancient Greek plays. These are unprecedented because of the seclusion of women of the time and because the actors and audience were mainly men. The women of Greek theater were sometimes powerful women powerfully portrayed. The women of today want to be powerful, but they do not want to be powerfully portrayed. They seem to prefer sexy roles where they are rewarded for being sexy.

Question: Noting the obvious differences between men and women (voice, body, emotions), why did the Greeks insist on men playing female parts? What was gained and/or lost by so doing?

Answer: The Greek drama arose from a male choral festival. They satisfied their need for tradition by doing this. There were similar female festivals that went another way. They were quite serious at first since it was a religious festival and not really for entertainment. They got a more objective view of women this way. Men had to understand how women behaved to write the dramas and men had to understand how women behave to perform them.

Question: why was there an all male cast during classical greek theatre

Answer: Mainly it was a matter of tradition. Greek drama grew from a male chorus that performed during an all male religious festival.

Question: How did women's life change from then and now?

Answer: Then there was slavery, women had no education, could not vote, and stayed secluded. Now slavery is gone, women are educated, vote, and can go anywhere they want. But to be an Antigone is still hard.

Question: What role did music play in Greek theatre

Answer: The chorus was chanted and sung. Music was monophonic so the chorus sang in unison. The ancient Greek dramas were more like the operas of today. Music was an integral part of these events.

Question: I am researching the reasons for the exclusion of women within ancient greek theatre. Could you help?

Answer: Yes. The reasons are entirely historic. Greek drama grew out of a religious festival that was for men only. There were similar festivals for women only, but drama did not result.

Question: what were the differences between the Ancient Greeks' classes in way of life?

Answer: As you would expect the wealthy had their tokens of wealth and the slaves did menial work for the most part. But this statement does not get at what was unusual about Greek (and especially Athenian) society. The populace was very civic minded and they placed more emphasis on what they did in the community than what they did at home. The most visible result of this is that their public places and temples were beautiful and well decorated, while their homes were plain. Festivals and other public events were very important, and it is likely that the more prominent citizens took a more prominent role.

Question: what is the most significant diffrence betwin the woman in greece and the woman in Rom?

Answer: The Roman ladies wielded considerably more political power and were cosiderably more free in their movements than the Greek ladies. But in spite of this the educational oppotunities for the Greek ladies were greater and they accomplished significantly more.

Question: Where certain people not allowed to act?

Answer: Greek drama occurred in the context of a religious festival for men. One must expect rituals in this context and one ritual involved the exclusion of women.

Question: What was the role of Greek women in philosophy, literature, politics, and how were they received by their counterparts

Answer: Women made a significant contribution to each of these areas in spite of the fact that during the classical period they tended to be secluded in their homes. Within their own culture they were sometimes appreciated and sometimes ridiculed but this is often the price of fame. Not only did they make a direct contribution, but they also played a supportive role. Xantippe's wealth allowed Socrates to philosophize. They also served as a model for the creators who produced works that included women. The ancient Greek women are some of the most productive of any culture.

Question: I am doing a report on The Women of Acient Greece. I want to know how the men treated the women of this time.

Answer: A lot depends upon when, in the period and who, you are talking about. The Minoans worshipped women. The Myceneans converted to a sky-god that raped a lot of women. They had powerful women queens, but they also had women slaves who did what they were told. The classical greeks were careful to seclude their wives, which protected them from being raped, but kept them from shopping and moving about. These women did not go to school, but they did learn things from their fathers and brothers. The hetaerae were a class of women that did go to school and were allowed to move about, but they had the indignity of being entertainers and prostitutes. The women slaves could easily be turned into sex slaves. Some of the women were very successful and productive as artists or scientists, but they sometimes were humiliated for their success as women.

Question: Are there any other facts about any kind of ancient greece theater that would be suitible for a report

Answer: There are a number of interesting concepts that could be developed in terms of Greek Drama: Totemism, Family relations, Property(particularly land). These concepts changed from the time of the subjects of the dramas and the time the dramas were written.

Question: who were the three famous philosphers in Greek history

Answer: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Question: i am writing a term paper - a comparison of male-female orientation in ancient Greek mythology vs. ancient Greek culture. any pertinent info. would be appreciated.

Answer: There is much material on this site. You need to remember that the situation was much different during Mycenean times when the characters in the dramas lived, and classical Greek times when the damatists lived.

Question: Who are the main script writers in Greek Drama?

Answer: The great Greek playwrights wrote the first great dramas and many of them are still worth reading. The great authors are: Aeschylus, Aristophanes, Euripides, Sophocles. Unfortunately the works of many other talented writers have been lost

Question: I was conducting some reasearch on your website. I came across your sentence that states, if women were involved in acting in ancient greece is debatible. In all of my other sources, it says that they WERE NOT. What is your source?!?!?!?!

Answer: Drama as we know it came from the Greek festival of Dionysius which was for men only. But the notion that women were not even spectators at these events is ridiculous. This subject is discussed in the book by H. D. F. Kitto cited in the Bibliography at Click here

But women had their own festivals. Though there is no real debate about whether women were involved in drama, there is question about whether they were involved in acting. Harrison, in her book states it this way" Most primitive religions have 'dromena' but from the religion of Dionysious sprang the drama. The analogy between 'dromena', things done, actions, and 'drama', a Thing Acted in the stage sense, has often been observed,...." She also points out that the rituals which stimulated the development of drama came partly from the religion of Crete. It is in Crete that the question of whether women acted is most relevant. The fact is that a number of images from Crete are explained by saying that a priestess is acting in the role of the goddess, for example: Click here

Question: Why, if women were so unimportant in the politics of a male dominated society, did they have so much power and impact as godesses and characters in plays?

Answer: Women were important to Classical Greece, but the men took care of the politics for them. The plays were about a much different society that existed 800 years earlier. The stories about the goddesses may have been much older and may reflect the situaltion in an even older society.

Question: facts of women in ancient rome

Answer: The following site is available:

Question: how was the god of it

Answer: Dionysius was the god of drama.

Question: Why were they treated so roughly

Answer: Life was rougher because they had fewer resources and less knowledge of how to use those resources.

Question: Why was it that women were not allowed to be in the dramas before 1660?

Answer: In ancient Greece drama was part of a festival for men only, so only men actor's were used. Later it was felt that it was immoral for a woman to appear on a stage. This may have been because of the nature of comedy. The comedies of Aristophanes were pretty bawdy. Later theater may have been more influenced by Aristophanes than Aeschylus.

Question: what were greek woman's interests, rights and personalitites??

Answer: Women did not have rights. This is a concept that was foreign to the Ancient Greeks. They had roles. Their main role was the bearing of children, which they did take an interest in. They also took an interest in traditional women's roles such as food preparation and the preparation of clothes including weaving and sewing. But the women of ancient Greece were an active part of a very creative culture and they participated to a great depth in a wide variety of interests including: poetry, healing arts, prophecy, sculpture, painting, music performance and composition, education, astronomy, astrology, philosophy, athletics, religion, rhetoric, writing plays, history, politics, mathematics, martial arts, dance. Greek drama displays women with a wide range of personalities. These range through compliant servant girls, delightful entertainers, working women, dutiful wives, faithless wives, loyalists, schemers, lovers, vengeful social climbers, queens, and concubines.

Question: what clothing did the trojan people wear?

Answer: Probably the same clothing as the Minoans and Mycenaeans. Later the people of the region are imaged in Phrygian attire. Classic Greek art does not distinguish the clothing of the Triojans from the rest of Greece. The Amazons, who lived just east of the Trojans, were imaged with Phrygian attire in Classical times.

Question: I have to do a senior research on ancient literature, could you assist me in finding websites on ancient literatue, goddess and women

Answer: Probably. But notice how much material this site has. And you should review the resources page at: Click here, the bibliography at: Click here, and the index at: Click here.

Question: What roles did women play in shaping Greek Society as it is today

Answer: This site is about Ancient Greece and not about Modern Greece. Ancient Greek Culture, and the ancient Greek religion have had a world-wide influence on art, science, and religion. When the Greeks converted to Christianity in about 125 AD this influence was greatly reduced.

Question: What is the significant role of female in ancient greek drama, especially in Sophocles?

Answer: Sophocles wrote about Antigone and Electra. Both are women challenging the rule of men.

Question: i have to do a research paper for my senior class, I'm doinit on the role of women in greek society. what would be the best to base my paper on?

Answer: You need to narrow your topic. Here are some examples:

Question: where do you get this information from?

Answer: There is a bibliography at: Click here

Question: education of children

Answer: All children from birth to about 5, 6 or 7 were educated by their mother. The value of this education is not well studied. At this age the children seem to have been left to play. At the end of this period for boys school was a school house and a teacher. Subjects included reading, writing, arithmetic,literature, music, lyric poetry, and physical education. Girls did not have to go to school. Sometimes they went to dance and music lessons, but most learning was done from their mother, other women, or their husband after they were married. Some Greek women also learned from a brother who went to school, or their father. There were special schools for the women who wanted to become a hetara. The women of ancient Greece are some of the best educated women ever in spite of the fact that they were often confined to the home.

Question: C.J.Herington claims that " the Athenian condemn women as aclass, to reject the feminine outright, is regularly a sign of a flawed character and impending disaster". For example, Eteocles is doomed when he unnecessarily retributes the chorus of women in Aechylus' Seven Against Thebes. Are there any other greek plays which bear this factor and do you think that it is a fair assumption?

Answer: Rejecting the feminine outright is probably a sign of insanity, so the claim is a good one. This is called misogyny. There is a reference at Click here. Euripides was accused of being a misogynist.

Question: What are some plays in which Sophocles' displays the struggle of women

Answer:Antigone, Electra, Oedipus Rex

Question: I have to do a research paper and my topic is the inequality of women in ancient Greece where could I go to find more information on this topic?

Answer: This site has lots of infomation on that topic. Click on the Menu Directory below and then click on the politics page. Many of the other pages can be used. Check out the resource page for other useful sites.

Question: what is Shakespear's thoughts on the role of women?

Answer: Shakespeare lived almost 2000 years after the ancient Greeks so his thoughts do not belong here. He did use material from the Greek myths. More important is the fact that he lived during the time of Queen Elizabeth I who ruled England very well and long. He was, no doubt, influenced by the example of his Queen.

Question: I am writing a paper on the similarities and differences (compare & contrast) Clytemnestra(Agamemnon) and Jocasta(oedipus rex). I know the content of the plays but I am having trouble finding ways to connect them. Help!!!

Answer: Clytemnestra is a character in the following plays:

Jocasta is a character in the Oedipus Rex by Sphocles.

Note that both women were queens of a territory and their husbands became king because they both killed the former king. Jocasta did not know this, however. Orestes killed his mother, Clytemnestra, because she had killed his father. Jocasta killed herself because her husband was her son who had killed his father.

Question: how did women influence the roles of men characters in the oddyssey, shaname ( Sohrab and Rostam )

Answer: Society consists of men and women relating to work out their various roles in life. The society of the Odyssey was no different. What is remarkable about the Odyssey is the variety of roles that women are found in. The generality of these roles also makes the Odyssey more relevant.

Rostam and Sohrab is a tragedy from the Persian epic Shahnameh. It tells the tragic story of the heroes Rostam and his son, Sohrab.

Question: about medea

Answer: See Medea.

Question: How does Jocasta in Sophocles' _Oedipus the King_ compare with Medea in the play of the same name by Euripides?

Answer: Medea acts. Jocasta reacts.

Question: im doing a research paper on lysistrata and i dont want to do it on its symbolism of feminism any suggestions?

Answer: There is a lot in this play suggestive of the normal behavior of the citizens. When one of the women says "you'll never eat garlic and black beans again." one can conclude that black beans and garlic were part of the diet. There is also stinging criticism of the politics of the day.

Question: Did Greek women attend the performances of greek drama?

Answer: It was a festival for men, but at such an exciting event it would be hard to keep them out.

Question: What were the main events or avtivities that the ancient greece women would participate in?

Answer: There were many religious activies that they participted in many at the temples of the goddesses outside the home. Otherwise they supervised the household, took care of the children, and wove. The hetaerae were entertainers who participated in the events for men.

Question: How did women progress in greek theatre

Answer: Because Greek theater was part of a festival for men, women did not participate. But because women were important to Greek society, women had very strong roles in the plays but these parts were performed by men.

Question: who were some powerful women leaders in ancient greece

Answer: From Judy Chicago:

Question: When were Greek plays peformed?

Answer: only during the few days of the festival of Dionysos.

Question: What were the roles of men in ancient Greek drama?

Answer: Because Greek drama was performed during a festival for men, men performed all the roles. The role of hero was fairly common. But many of the roles seemed to mirror the roles of men in society.

Question: HI i'm doing a 4 page assignment about greek drama could you tell me what are the most important subject I could talk about and could you give me heaps of info about it.

Answer: Greek drama was developed in a festival for men and flowered in a Society where women were politically unimportant and isolated. It seems odd that women should be included prominently in the drama and that they should becom heroines. Yet Antigone, Medea, and Electra are characters in some of the most powerful roles ever written. This is an important subject which you can investigate further by going to the Menu Directory below and clicking on the names of each of these ladies.

Question: What are the standards of beauty in ancient Greek society?

Answer: The standards are still conveyed by the great art they produced. Because of the greatness of the art a verbal list is hard to provide, athough some have attempted measurements of the Venus de Milo. It is better to study the art itself to determine the standards.

Answer: Ve nus de Milo.

Question: Were there any Goddesses then ?

Answer: Homer reports the existence of goddesses in the Iliad and the Odyssey. These two books were taken as a true statement of the nature of the world until about 125 AD.

Question: hi.I am in gr6 and I have a project due.can you help me?I am arguing against another group that men shouldn't have been the head of the family,& that women should have been treated with respect.They also should have had the same rights that men did.can you give me some reasons?

Answer: You should study the play Lysistrata by Aristophanes.

The best head of the family is the person who has sense and can lead.

Women should always be treated with respect. If they are not respected then the children they are raising will not be respected. The early education of a child is the most important.

Legally, men and women should have the same rights. Both are an important part of the community and should be supported. People who are debased will not work well and support the community.

Question: can you tell me the most famous woman in ancient greece and information about her because i need to write 10 questions and their answers so please help me out!!

Answer: The most famous woman in pre-classical Greece was Helen. The most famous woman in classical Greece was Aspasia. You can click on the menu directory below and get information on these and other famous women of ancient Greece.

Question: what are the elements of a tradegy


A tragedy call also be viewed as a noble struggle against impossible odds that eventually overwhelm with a resulting apotheosis.


Answer: The study of female roles in the drama of ancient Greece is an excellent topic. The modern female actress has the advantage of a sympathetic understanding of the role because in those days all the actors were male. You might find some examples where this would be especially true.

Question: How valuable is Greek drama (particularly looking at Antigone, Lysistrata,Medea,Thesmophoriazusae)as a source of information about the lives of women in ancient Athens?

Answer: It is extremely valuable especially when you consider how much information there is about women in other cultures of the time. You should also consider the enormous impact these works have had on the lives of women down through the ages. That is not to say that the information is easy to interpret. Realize that these plays are written by Athenian men who are writing about women who lived 800 years before them. Fortunately we have supportive information from other media of the time. It is a very valuable exercise and you should pursue it.

Question: information on a great male actor of anciet Athens in the 5th century

Answer:"The tragic poets of the 5th century BCE, most notably Phrynicus and Aeschylus, not only composed the plays but acted in them, directed them, and choreographed them." This is a quote from a web page about ancient Greek drama that is no longer available.

Phrynichus was an Athenian tragic poet who lived in the 6th through the 5th centuries BCE. Ancient authors believed he originated tragedy. Between 511 and 508 BCE he won his first victory for tragedy. In spite of his fame only a few fragments of his plays survive. One of his most famous was one on the capture of Miletus by the Persians. This one was probably produced about 492 BCE. This play was so upsetting to the Athenians that they fined him for producing it. He may have been the first tragic poet to introduce female characters. He did this by using a female mask.

Question: In your opinion, what are the three best drama examples to use when trying to illustrate famous heroines in literature?

Answer: Antigone, Electra, Medea.

Question: What are women's roles in Greek society and what are the differences between that and their roles in Greek literature/drama and why? Thank you very much!

Answer: In classical Greek society women were isolated from men and their role was defined in terms of child bearing and other activities that they could do in the home. The women of Art and Literature were not so isolated and confined. This is because the Greek artists and authors chose to write about a society that existed in the distant past. The only way that they knew about that society was through epic poetry and other hearsay that was passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. The context of the art was usually religious so the stories were considered truthful by the classical Greeks. The tales gave the general report but when the classical artists wished to provide realistic details they had to turn to their local society for examples. The reader of the classical literature has to decide for which society each statement is true.

One example of how the interpretion must be made is the matter of freedom. In the literature the ancient ladies seem free to move about and interact with men. But archeological studies suggest that the Mycenean society was much more involved with taboos than the classical society. But the epics did not transmit information about taboos. Women in many societies have suffered many restrictions as a result of taboos, so it is reasonable to assume the the Mycenean ladies were similarly restricted. The classical ladies were confined to their quarters. This may have been a conscious choice to protect them from rape and the enforcement of taboos. The classical ladies may have been freer in confinement than the Mycenean ladies were with their taboos.

Question: I am presenting an oral on the following topic: What was the role of Theatre in Athens up to and just after Sophocles? I am finding it extreamly difficult to access any information, so if you have an answers regarding this question, I would apreciate it ASAP. Thanking you.

Answer: The following articles may help:

Question: women and culture.

Answer: Culture involves skills that are passed on by education and training and are devloped by discipline and practice. Women have always been involved with their own culture related to the family and child rearing. But they have always been involved in early childhood education as well. In many societies they are involved in later aspects of education as well. In ancient Greece the separation of women emphasized a separate women's culture with separate roles for women and special religious holidays and festivals.

Question: what year were women allowed to go in the plays?

Answer: In ancient Greece drama was part of a religious festival for men, but by Roman times everyone went to the theater.

Question: ancient greek boys?

Answer: Boys participated in the chorus.

Question: how has the myth of pandora reflected attitudes towards the role of the female in classical greek society

Answer: The Greek males did a lot of wondering about the role of women in society. They wanted to control them but they never could. The myth of Pandora seems to reflect their general perplexity. This myth is not helpful in identifying the proper role of women.

Question: What was the role of the audience in an Athenian theater?

Answer: The drama of ancient Greece was a religious ceremony in which the audience witnessed the effects of the deities. In some of the comedies of Aristophanes the audience is actually referenced.

Question: Whatwas the role of song and dance in Greek theater?

Answer: Song and dance was believed to be pleasant to the deities. The ancient dramas were more like modern operas so music and dance were central to the theater of ancient Greece

Question: i am writing a research on the position of women in greece, in the classical, archaic and hellenistic periods due to laws literature arts medicine religion.

Answer: You are planning a many volume book which you will probably never finish. Pick a much smaller topic. I might suggest that you write on the position of women in the classical period due to religion. This would only take 1 book. If you studied the position of Cassandra in Greece due to the religion of the time, you might have a good Phd. thesis topic. A master's thesis might study the religious implications of the rape of Cassandra. A term paper might involve Cassandra's involvement with the Trojan Horse.

Question: any modern movies influenced by greek plays?

Answer: Every movie owes a debt to Greek drama to some extent because Greek drama established the idea of drama and plays. Likewise shakespearean theater was influenced by Greek drama which in turn has had an influence on many movies. It may make more sense to turn the question around and ask, for any movie, what were the influences of the Greek drama. The last movie I saw was "Space Cowboys". This, of course, was a space odyssey. Even this movie has much in common with Greek drama. One could easily argue that this is influence. The influence of Greek drama is pervasive.

Question: I have a question about how the Greek culture expressed the idea "Man (meaning human beings) is a measure of all things" in the drama?

Answer: Man is the measure of all things means man sets the standard against which other things are judged. This means that the goal of human action should be good for man in general. This is consistent with the idea that if you do good then you will be rewarded in this life. The dramas generally deal with human interactions and how their results are played out. You can then see the relation between the actions and their consequences.

Question: Is Shiva, Parvati and their children on Mount Kailasa a work of Greek Art?

Answer: This seems to be from India.

Question: do you like ducks? do do do

Answer: Cranes were much more important to the ancient Greeks than ducks.

Question: What other name is the Pythia known by?

Answer: The oracle of Delphi was called Pythia. This is also the epithet of Artemis at Branchidae.

Question: what are some of the main events tha took place in acient rome?

Answer: This site is about the role of women in ancient Greek art. Rome came later.

Question: How were women portrayed by playwrites in anciet greek theatre?

Answer: Women were portrayed as important.

Question: what level of intelligence did society think that the average greek woman attained?

Answer: Many Greek women were known for their intelligence. The fact that Athena was the goddess of wisdom helped, no doubt.

Question: what influenced classical greek and roman drama from the time of the early church to the time of shakespheare in the last renaissance

Answer: Greek drama was frozen after the Roman period. I have no information on Roman drama.

Question: what about greek priests and priestesses

Answer: Priests served gods and priestesses served goddesses. Both were highly respected members of Greek society.

Question: what was the role of the chorus in The Bacchae?

Answer: The chorus of Bacchantes has the role in lyrical outburts of the most exalted delight and beauty of singing the praises of Dionysus.

Question: How are the women in Oedipus and Lysistrata different?

Answer: The women in Lysistrata were active and the women in Oedipus were passive.

Question: Why are women used in Greek Theatre where in society they play such a small role?

Answer: Women had a separate role from men, but it was not small. Women were portrayed in Greek theater because they were important to men.

Questions and Answers about Women in Ancient Greek Drama Set I

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The Role of Women in the Art of Ancient Greece

RWAAG, Drama, Drama Questions and Answers-->