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The Judgement of Paris

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The Judgement of Paris

Paris, the son of Priam, king of Troy, was asked to decide which of the three goddesses, Hera, Athena, or Aphrodite, was the most beautiful. Aphrodite told Paris that if he chose her, she would provide him with the most beautiful woman in the world. He chose Aphrodite and she provided him with Helen, who was already married to Menelaus, King of Sparta. The father of Helen had made the young men pledge to defend Menelaus if anyone were to steal his bride. The result was the Trojan war, an Helen became the face that launched a thousand ships.

The myth turns out not to be a beauty contest at all. What Paris judges is not the radiant beauty of the goddesses, naked or clothed, but rather the quality of their gifts. Hera would have provided honor, Athena would have provided wisdom, but Paris chose love. It is important that he did not choose the love of the woman who was already in love with him, Oenone. Oenone, being a nymph and a goddess, could have given him anything he wanted on Mount Ida. But Paris chose the forbidden love of the most beautiful woman in the world who had been pursued by the most gallant and powerful young men in the world and was already married. Oenone wanted Paris to choose Athena and her gifts, but Paris made the passionate choice of love. Later Oenone could give Paris the gift of life, but Oenone found Paris too ungrateful and let him die. The judgement of Paris is about gifts and their value, and choices and their value, not about beauty.

In the Trojan Women by Euripides Helen explains: (line 919)

                   --But enough: a day
Came and this Paris judged beneath the trees
Three crowns of life, three diverse Goddesses.
The gift of Pallas was of War, to lead
His east in conquering battles, and make bleed
the hearths of Hellas, Hera held a throne--
If majesties he craved-- to reign alone
From Phrygia to the last realm of the West.
And Cypris, if he deemed her loveliest,
Beyond all heaven, made dreams about my face
And for her grace gave me.

Euripides The Trojen Women, line 925, "A day came and this Paris judged beneath the trees, three crowns of life, three diverse goddesses. The gift of Pallas (Athena) was of War, to lead his East in conquering battles, and make bleed the hearths of Hellas. Hera held a Throne-- if majesties he craved-- to reign alone from Phrygia to the last realm of the West. And Cypris, if he deemed her loveliest, beyond all heaven, made dreams about(Helen's) face.
Judgement of Paris

The myth of the Judgement of Paris reflects the importance of the three Goddesses Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite at the time of the Trojan war. Notice how in the following picture, the three goddesses seem to be bearing gifts to a god rather than being judged: Judgement of Paris. Another example: Hermes leads goddesses Another: Anonymous judgement of Paris This suggests an earlier role of gift bearers for these goddesses. Homer picks up on this notion but he adds Artemis to the other three in the following passage from Book XX of the Odyssey:"

Their father and their mother dear died by the gods' high doom,
The maidens were left orphans alone within their home;
Fair Aphrodite gave them curds and honey of the bee
And lovely wine, and Hera made them fair to see,
and wise beyond all women-folk. And holy Artemis
Made them to wax in stature, and Athene for their bliss
Taught them all glorius handiworks of women's artifice."

By the time of Homer Artemis had achieved a status equal to the other important goddesses. Homer does not even discuss the judgement of Paris. In Book III of the Iliad Hector says the following about Paris: "When I look at you to-day, can you be the man, I ask, who picked yourself a crew of friends, sailed overseas in your much-traveled ships, hobnobbed with foreigners and carried off a beautiful woman from a distant land and warlike family,....You would soon find out the kind of fighter his is whose lovely wife you stole. Your lyre would not help you at all, nor Aphrodite's gifts, those locks of yours and your good looks,...." There must be some other, earlier story about Paris, that involves him stealing Helen as a result of gifts he received from Aphrodite. He also received gifts from Hera and Athena, but he must have spurned those gifts so they were mad at him. Jane Ellen Harrison suggests that Hera brought Royalty or Grandeur, Athena brought Prowess, and Aphrodite brought Love. Notice how the images of the judgement of Paris change from three godesses bearing gifts to three goddesses being judged.

In the Iliad, Book XXIV, Homer says: "All were of this mind save only Hera, Poseidon, and Zeus's grey-eyed daughter, who persisted in the hate which they had ever borne towards Ilius with Priam and his people; for they forgave not the wrong done them by Paris in disdaining the goddesses who came to him when he was in his sheepyards, and preferring her who had offered him a wanton to his ruin."

More details of this tale were to be found in the Cypria, an epic like the Illiad that has been lost from view. About 50 lines exist that were quoted by others, but there are many summaries and references to it.

The contemporary view of the judgement of Paris as a beauty contest does not seem born out by archaic references. But in any case it is a contest of choice. The relation to fertility festivals where the best young man was matched to the best young woman must be noticed. Different methods of choice have been mentioned. Footraces are common. The Herarae was of this sort. But it seems likely that beauty contests were also done. The children sent to the Minotaur are in one case by lot and another by Minos. This could be the same type of judgement. If Theseus was chosen first then beauty may have been a criterion.

Reference is made to the judgement of Paris in the drama Andromache by Euripides, line 283:

Ah! what sorrows did the some of Zeus and Maia (Hermes) herald, in the day 
he came to Ida's Glen, guiding that fair young trio of goddesses (Aphrodite, Hera, Athena), all
girded to the fray in bitter rivalry about their beauty, the the shep-
herds fold wherer dwelt the youthful herdsman (Paris) all alone by the hearth
of his lonely hut.

Soon as the reached the wooded glen, in gushing mountain springs 
they bathed their dazzling skin, then sought the son of Priam, com-
paring their rival charms in more than rancorus phrase.  But Cypris (Aphrodite)
won the day by her deceitful promises, sweet sounding words, but 
fraught with ruthless overthrow to Phrygia's hapless town (Troy) and
Ilium's tower's.

The names Paris and Alexander are used interchangeably. In The Trojan Woman byt Euripides, line 997, the names are identified and defined:

This Alexander, Breaker-down-of-men,
This Paris, Strength-is-with-him;

The first corresponds to an Indo-European derivation of the name Alexander while the second does not. Neither seem to relate the name to the context of the story of the judgement.

The place of Hermes in the judgement may be multiple. First Hermes served as a herald who preceeded the the goddess and announced them to Paris. He also served as their guide. According to W. K. C. Guthrie in The Greeks and Their Gods, p 88, "Hermes is an ancient god of the countryside named for the ἕρμα, also called ἑρμαῐον, which was a cairn or heap of stones" Hermes not only marks boundaries but also guides the way for the traveler. When he beame more anthropomorphic he was given a phallus to promote fertility." So the story of the Judgement of Paris seems to be about fertility. It might be about the choices that one makes that promote fertility. Paris chooses Aphrodite, an obvious choice for fertility, when in reality Athena would have been a better choice.

As a final comment Euripides, in his drama the The Trojan Women calls the whole story a lie. At least he presents good arguments why this story should not be true. He puts these arguments in the mouth of Hecuba staring with line 969,

"Meseems her (Helen's) goddesses first cry mine aid
Against these lying lips! . . . Not Hera, nay,
Nor virgin Pallas deem I such low clay,
To barter their own folk, Argos and brave
Athens, to be trod down, the Phrygian's slave,
all for glory and a shepherd's prize
On Ida! Wherefore should great Hera,s eyes
So hunger to be fair? She doth not use 
to seek for other loves, being wed with Zeus.
And maiden Pallas . . . did some strange god's face
Beguile her, that she craved for loviness,
Who chose from God one virgin gift above
All gifts, and fleeth from the lips of love?
   Ah, deck not out thine own heart's evil springs
By making spirits of heaven as brutish things
And cruel.  The wise may hear thee, and guess all!
   And Cypris must take ship--fantastical!
Sail with my son and enter at the gate
To seek thee! Had she willed it, she had sate
At peace in heaven, and wafted thee, and all
Amyclae with thee, under Ilion's wall
Some explanations of this passage:
Pallas is Pallas Athena.
Hera is the patron goddess of Argos.
Athena is the patron goddess of Athens.
Troy was in Phrygia.
Amyclae is a sacred shrine near Sparta sacred to Apollo.
This may be a reference to love conquering wisdom.

Pictures:

Images by more recent artists follow:

Resources:


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Questions and Answers

Question: what dose it mean

Answer: The later classical writers set up the judgement of Paris as a beauty contest caused by the vanity of three women goddesses. This was a comment on the vanity of women. Earlier writers were more concerned with the life choices that each man must make between love, power, and wisdom. Robert Graves felt that the earliest interpretation involved what Paris got from the goddesses, possibly the alphabet.

Question: Was Peter Paul Rubens commissioned to paint The Judgement of Paris?

Answer: It was commissioned for the Spainish court and now hangs in the Museo de Prado, Madrid. This picture is an oil on canvas that was completed 1638-9. Venus in the center is a likeness of the artist's wife. Note that the goddesses are displaying their naked beauty, as is the case with the later artists. The artists of ancient Greece were more likely to emphasize the gifts that they would provide. After all it was Aphrodite's gift that swayed Paris, not her appearance.

Question: Who was Helen?

Answer: Helen was the most beautiful woman in the world.

Question: who did paris judge

Answer: The judgement of Paris is often portrayed in art as a beauty contest which gave the artist the wonderful opportunity to paint three beautiful nude women. The women portrayed were the goddesses Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera. But in fact it was not the goddesses that were judged, but rather their gifts. Athena would have given wisdom. Hera would have given honor. The three goddesses are so beautiful that no human could have judged them. Artemis would have given health, but the reason why she was left out of this judgement is a long story. She is as beautiful as the other goddesses and ends up with Aphrodite as the implications of this judgement are played out.

Question: Who was left out of the wedding?

Answer: Eris, the goddess of discord. Eris is the goddess of strife and the sister of Ares. It is she who threw the golden apple with the words 'for the fairest' that caused the three goddesses Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera to contend for the apple. Paris did the judging and Aphrodite bribed him with Helen. He ran away with Helen and this started the Trojan War.

Of Eris Hesiod says only "On a fifth day, they say, the Erinyes assisted at the birth of Horcus (Oath) whom Eris (Strife) bare to trouble the forsworn."

Eris to right of charioteer

Question: Why do u put false statements in here????!!!

Answer: I know of no false statements. Many of the statements are carefully researched. If you question one of the statements then point it out. I will be glad to consider it again, especially as it may be a typo. If further research proves a statement to be wrong, then I will change it.

Question: what was the mountain

Answer: Mount Ida in the neighborhood of Troy. "...when a second [p. 47] babe was about to be born Hecuba dreamed she had brought forth a firebrand, and that the fire spread over the whole city and burned it.4 When Priam learned of the dream from Hecuba, he sent for his son Aesacus, for he was an interpreter of dreams, having been taught by his mother's father Merops. He declared that the child was begotten to be the ruin of his country and advised that the babe should be exposed. When the babe was born Priam gave it to a servant to take and expose on Ida; now the servant was named Agelaus. Exposed by him, the infant was nursed for five days by a bear; and, when he found it safe, he took it up, carried it away, brought it up as his own son on his farm, and named him Paris. When he grew to be a young man, Paris excelled many in beauty and strength, and was afterwards surnamed Alexander, because he repelled robbers and defended the flocks.5 And not long afterwards he discovered his parents." (Apollodorus, 3.12.5

)

Question: can i relate the city "PARIS" to The Judgement of Paris

Answer: I do not think so. The city is named after a word for swamp.

Question: what century did the judgement of paris originate?

Answer: The Greeks took the judgement of Paris to be an historical fact. It occurred about 1194 BCE.

Question: How does the myth relate to painting?

Answer: Artists have found the myth to be a popular subject for painting. It lends itself to pastoral landscapes with beautiful goddesses appealingly posed.

Question: Can you give me all Hera's brothers and sisters

Answer: The children of Cronus and Rhea are Hestia, Pluto, Poseidon, Zeus, Hera, and Demeter.

Question: Does any one know where to find any pictures about the judgement of Paris? I need some non-nuditity pictures for my mythology class.. thankyou

Answer: During the classical period the judgement degenerated into a beauty contest giving artists the opportunity of painting naked goddesses trying to look beautiful. But the earier interpretation was a judgement of the gifts the goddesses could bring. An earlier image follows: Click here

Question: What time period was this wrritten in?

Answer: The judgement of Paris occurred about 1200 BCE and it has been written about ever since.

Question: What is the portrayal of Athena in The Judgement of Paris?

Answer: Originally the judgement of Paris was probably a judgement of the value of the gifts of the goddesses. In the Odyssey the story about the daughters of Pandereus suggests that Athenas gifts were skill in all famous handiwork, while Hera gives beauty and wisdom. But later as Athena took over the realm of wisdom, she gave wisdom and craft, while Hera gave dignity and Aphrodite gave beauty.

Question: Was Athena's portrayal inThe Judgement of Paris accurate?

The Greeks were not that concerned with accuracy in their myths so their is no definitive treatment of the judgement of Paris. Athena's portrayal varies from source to source so it is not that accurate.

Question: Artemis was said to be lovely-haired, beautiful,tall and fair of stature. But she was not involved in the judgement of Paris. Was it because she wasn't beautiful enough or was it because she didn't care or was it because ot wouldn't suit her image as a warrior?

Answer: Actually it was because she was not accepted as a goddess in Greece at the time of the judgement of Paris. But she was just after that because she is mentioned by Homer in the Iliad and the Odyssey. She did participate in the Trojan war but not in the early preliminaries. It was she that required the sacrifice of Iphiginia, and she fought with Apollo on the side of the Trojans. You might also say that she was not vain enough to participate in such an event. Hestia also was excluded, perhaps for this reason. This was more true later when the judgement turned into a beauty contest among naked goddesses. Really only aphrodite was that vain.

Question: What are the different versions of the judgement of Paris?

Answer: Originally the judgement was of the gifts of the goddesses and they were portrayed in regal garments with their gifts. Later it became a beauty contest and the goddesses were displayed nude.

Question: What is the significance of the winged child?

Answer: The male child with eagle wings is Eros. The female child with butterfly wings is Psyche.

Question: which one is aphrodite? Who is the male figure behind the tree?

Answer: The goddesses are identified by their symbols: Athena wears a helmet, Aphrodite wears a crown. Hermes is often the extra figure. But these issues vary from picture to picture. Identify the picture you are referencing.

Question: who are the other two girls? How did paris's choice precipitate the trojan war?

Answer: Nymphs probably. Aphrodite's gift was the love of a married woman.

Question: What was going on while Paris judged the goddesses?

Answer: Mycenae was beginning a period of 150 years of war at the end of which that culture was destroyed.

Question: who won

Answer: Aphrodite won by bribing Paris with the love of the most beautiful woman in the world.

Question: what is the size of the original painting by Marcantonio Raimondi?

Answer:11 1/2 x 17 3/16 in. (29.2 x 43.6 cm) is the size of the copy held by the Metropolitan Museum oF Art in New York. It is a print of a painting by Rubens.

Question: Was Artemis involved in the judgement of Paris

Answer: No. But this fact is interesting. Of the five major goddesses three, Hera, Athena, Aphrodite, were in the judgement of Paris. Hestia and Artemis are not. Artemis was probably left out because the story predates her arrival. Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite arrived in Greece from Crete, while Artemis seems to have come from the North.

Question: which godesses married Hermes

Answer: Hermes was involved with the following women:

  1. Acacallis
  2. Agraulos
  3. Alcidameia
  4. Amaltheia
  5. Antianeira
  6. Apemosyne
  7. Aphrodite
  8. Artemis
  9. Carmenta
  10. Charities
  11. Chelone
  12. Chione
  13. Chthonophyle
  14. Cleobule
  15. Creusa
  16. Daeira
  17. Dryope
  18. Erytheia
  19. Eupolemeia
  20. Hermaphroditus
  21. Herse
  22. Iphthime
  23. Issa
  24. Laothoe
  25. Libya
  26. Maia
  27. Myrto
  28. Ocyrrhoe
  29. Pandora
  30. Pandrosos
  31. Penelope
  32. Phaethusa
  33. Philodameia
  34. Philonis
  35. Polymela
  36. Telauge
  37. Themis
  38. Theobule
  39. Thriae
  40. Thymbris

I leave it to the reader to determine which one of these are wives and which are goddesses.

Question: Why was Hera such a brat?

Answer: Click on the menu directory below and click on Hera.

Question: Why was Paris chosen to judge the goddesses?

Answer: First of all the goddesses went to Zeus to make the judgement. He was very wise to defer to Paris because the judge was bound to earn the animosity of the two loser goddesses. Hecuba, the mother of Paris, had a dream when she was pregnant that she gave birth to a blazing torch from which serpents issued. Seers then advised her to destroy the child. They obviously knew of the deep trouble that Paris would cause, but they missed the specifics. Zeus, who knows all, would have understood the true meaning and assigned the task to Paris, having known that he was destined to do it. This is further reinforced by the fact that the word for apple and shepherd is the same in Greek. Paris was a shepherd on Mt. Ida when he was asked to perform the task. Because of the circumstances of his life, he may have been the only shephard at the time who was also a prince.

Question: was hera more godess or human like

Answer: Hera was a goddess with human qualities.

Question: where did hera live?

Answer: on Mt. Olympus in the palace of Zeus.

Question: was hera more pretty aphrodite

Answer: Most goddesses are beautiful especially Aphrodite, Hera, Athena, and Artemis; but Aphrodite was chosen by Paris to be the most beautiful.

Question: which character is which in Claude Lorrain's painting on the judgemnet of paris, also, does the sheeps represent anything in particular??

Answer: This image can be viewed at: Click here. From the left the characters seem to be Paris, Eros, Aphrodite, Hera, and Athena. The sheep and goats are present because at that time Paris was a shepherd. He became a shepherd because when he was born a prince his mother received premonitions of his future behavior. Her family then abondoned him on Mt. Ida where he was found and raised by shepherds.

Question: With the Death of Achilles it seems that the Trojans would win yet how did the Greeks think of the Trojan horse?

Answer: Athena helped Odysseus with the idea.

Question: How was Hera the sister os Zueses wife when Hera was his wife?

Answer: Hera was both Zeus's sister and his wife. The deities had to marry siblings because in the beginning there were so few of them. They did not like human's marrying siblings though.

Question: Do you have any information about "the three goddesses" painted for Elizabeth I?

Answer: No.

Question: What happend as a result of Pari's choice?

Answer: When Paris chose Aphrodite then Aphrodite rewarded him by making Helen fall so madly in love with him that she ran away with him. This, in spite of the fact that she was legally married to Menelaus.

Question: What did Athena promise Paris to be named the most beautiful of all Goddesses

Answer: The wisdom to be victorious in war.

Question: Is the stroy of the judgement of paris told in any of the ancient myths, the oddysey, the illiad, the aneid, or metamorphosis?

Answer: Homer makes one passing reference in XXIV. The Aeneid and Metamorphosis are Roman works and not relevant here.

Question: What role does Hermes play in this story?

Answer: Hermes is the messenger of Zeus who will explain to Paris his duty. He will also carry out the will of Zeus.

Question: When and how did Paris die?What role does Hermes play in this story?

Answer: After Achilles was killed by Paris, Philoctetes wounded Paris with an arrow from the bow that Hercules had given him. Paris called on Oenone, the nymph he had spurned, to heal him, but she let him die, and later killed herself.

Question: what were the items that athena hera and aprodite bribed paris with in order to win the beauty contest?

Answer: In the oldest versions of the story that are illustrated on ancient ceramics it is the gifts of the goddesses that seem to be judged. In later versions it is the beauty of the goddesses that is judged. In the Iliad 24.28-30 the only comment is that he "..approved the one who furnished to him an oject of grievous lust." In the Kypriawe are told that Paris is swayed by the promise of marriage to Paris, but no mention is made of what Hera and Athena may have promised. In Dionysalexandros of Kratinos (430 or 429 BCE) three bribes are mentioned: Hera - political force, Athena - success in battle, Aphrodite - handsomeness and sexual attractiveness.

Question: In what book was the story of the judgement of Paris first mentioned?

Answer: Probably the Iliad.

Question: How do Historians believe that the judgement of paris embodied greek culture or beliefs?

Answer: There are several ways that the judgement of Paris embodied Greek belief. This event was part of the chain of causes that started the Trojan war. The ancient Greeks were very interested in causes of things and discussed this at length. The fact that it was a beauty contest among three goddesses meant that an ideal had to be selected from several alternatives. The ancient Greeks were very much into the idealization of things. Finally, the judgement involved the explanation of the affairs of men as a reaction to the emotions of the divinities. This is a common theme in ancient Greek culture.

Question: Where did it take place?

Answer: Mount Ida, in Turkey. To read about it : Click here

Question: explanation?

Answer: Normally an explanation involves a development of causes and effects surrounding the event. But in fact the judgement of Paris is one element of an explanation of the Trojan war. It demonstrates the concern ancient Greeks had for cause and effect relationships. One reason this tale exists may be that it does reflect an event in history that is a cause for the Trojan war. It may also reflect a new realization of the power of women. Whether it makes the Trojan war a conflict between passion and reason is debatable.

Question: Did greek vase painters depict Paris as a barbarian or something else?

Answer: At the time of the Trojan war the residents of Troy spoke Greek and worshipped the Greek Pantheon. During the Archaic period the Ionian area on the eastern shore of the Aegean thrived as a Greek territory. But the Persians conquered most of these territories and held them through the Classical period. While the Persians held the Ionian territories Troy was seen as a barbarian area. Whether Paris was viewed as a barbarian might be viewed similarly.

Question: What did Paris do wrong?

Answer: A wise man avoids choosing among women. The one you choose might be happy, but the ones you reject will be unhappy and scorned. But if you must choose between Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite then choose Athena as Oenone suggested. At least you will have wisdom on your side when the trouble starts. And why would you cast aside a loyal lover like Oenone for the most beautiful woman in the world. The only thing wrong with Oenone was that her love was too easy. She was beautiful and loved Paris even though he was just a shepherd. But then the choice of Helen did bring a lot of excitement into his life. The war he caused will never be forgotten. And if he had not gotten himself wounded the outcome might have been better. But when he was wounded it was Oenone who could have saved him. And she was so hurt that she let him die.

Question: Who was the godess that threw the apple at Tetis's weeding?

Answer: Eris, the goddess of discord, threw the apple at Thetis's wedding.

Question: What is zueses horses name

Answer: Zeus used Pegasus to carry his thunderbolts. Pegasus was the winged horse or flying horse. Pegasus is the symbol of poetry and the creative arts because he brought forth a spr1ing for the muses that stimulated poetry and creative arts.

Question: What are there so many pictures of the judgement of Paris?

The idea of depicting three nude goddesses is irresistible.

Question: did the other godesses bribe him as well?

Answer: Actually none of the goddesses bribed him. The moral of the story is that a goddess must be judged by her gifts. Paris chose Aphrodite in spite of the warning of Oenone to choose Athena. But this would not be the only time that Aphrodite turned a man into a blithering idiot. Hera's gift would have been pride or status. Athena would have given wisdom and Aphrodite love. The physical beauty of a goddess is fairly perfect so there is really nothing physical to judge. But their gifts can be remarkably important depending upon your situation.

Question: what was the impact on Greek culture from the "Judgement of Paris"?

Answer: Initially the judgement of Paris was one of the causes of the Trojan war. Though this war may have brought about the downfall of the Mycenaean Civilization, it had little effect on the politics of Classical Greece. But the stories surrounding this war had a remarkable effect on the literature and art of ancient Greece. And this, in turn affected the thought and culture of that period. One concept related to the role of choice and fate. The judgement of Paris is very much about the long term consequences of a choice. In fact the insignificance of his choice could be noted. How could anyone have known that the result of a choice of who was the most beautiful could result in a war that would kill many thousands and even ones own death? Yet the choice was frivolous. He was free to choose. If any choice had been fated then Athena would have been chosen. And yet once the choice was made the result necessarily followed. This set the Greek mind to look for causes and when it did it discovered philosophy, logic, mathematics, and science.

Question: what are the distinguishing points in this work of art?

Answer: There are many literary works and art objects which describe and illustrate this story.

Question: I am studying Wtewael's Judgement of Paris and I had a few questions about it. On your website, someone asked about the man near the tree. He is standing in the background, almost in the shade. Do you know who he is and why he is there? Also, in the background I can't seem to figure out what they are doing. They seem to be celebrating and an angel is coming down from the sky. What is the significance of that background scene?

Answer:Click Here

Question: What would Hera wear?

Answer: There are many pictures of the judgement of Paris showing the goddesses totally nude when they are being judged. The merit of this is that nothing is covered up or hidden. There is no deception in the view of the goddesses. But many think there is an advantage to deception. If the value of a woman is her sex organ then showing it removes all the mystery. Covering the organ increases the mystery. Covering it with a totem is even better. The totem enhances the power of the organ and makes it more fertile. Hera would then wear an apron with a peacock or cow inscribed on it.

Even more mystery can be cause by a filmy, gauzy gown, that reveals curves but hides blemishes. These dresses were much in style amongst the ancient Greek women, especially the hetaerae. They would buy silk versions that inspired every type of imagination

Then there are the outfits fit for a queen. Cloth of gold, and heavy jewelry, with a crown on top. The jewelry will be so brilliant that this is all the viewer will see.

Question: are any more pictures of the judgement of paris

Answer: There are many more. This is one of the most popular images in all of art. I cannot hope to list all of them.

Question: How come Hera got married with her own brother?

Answer: When a mortal brother and sister marry and have sex the baby is often born deformed. But this is not true with gods and goddesses. Zeus was sexually aroused when his sister Hera popped out of their father naked. He then contrived to deceive her into having sex with him. Hera immediately knew that Zeus made her pregnant so she decided to marry him so her baby would have a father. After all, she was the goddess of marriage.

Question: who were the major characters of Illisd and Oddysey?

Answer: The major characters are, to Homer, the gods and goddesses. The mortals are secondary. For the tales of the Trojan war the major deities are the quarreling goddesses, Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. The major themes of these works involve mortal accomodation to these divinities.

Question: what and where is the museum that houses Wtewael painting of the judgement of Paris

Answer: The painting is NG6334. Bequeathed by Claude Dickason Rotch, 1962 to the National Gallery of London. Click here

Question: According to the myth "The Judgement of Paris" what would be a precise translation of the myth in modern context? In other words if someone had to rewrite the myth in modern tense what would be a good topic?

Answer: Moderns like to focus on the fact that it is a beauty contest of naked women but you must realize that the goddesses are all ideally beautiful. Thus you must turn to the goddesses' other characteristics. These are the characteristics of the realm that each goddess ruled. The ancients referred to these as the gifts of the goddesses. The myth turns the gifts into bribes. But the real question involves a choice of life's direction for success. It is like the word 'plastics' in the movie 'The Graduate'. Which of these goddesses will lead to success in life if you focus on her realm. Aphrodite is a focus on success with sex. Hera is success with status. And Athena is success with knowledge. Paris chose sex but Oenone said he should have chosen knowledge.

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The Role of Women in the Art of Ancient Greece

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