Questions and Answers about Women in Ancient Greek Drama Set II
Question: i have a five page paper comparing a character from Antigone to
one from Oedipous the King
Answer: Compare Antigone to Oedipus on the subject of Fate. Or compare
Jocasta to Ismene and how they see their feminine role.
Question: what are some differences and similarities between the characters
Medea and Electra in Euripedes’ plays?
Answer: Jason thinks to act but acts ineffectively. Medea responds to
his action in a powerful way. Electra thinks to act but cannot. Orestes
acts on her thoughts.
Question: I have this HUGE paper to do on Drama, could anybody give me
ideas on what kind of topics i could do, or who else i could research besides
Answer: What about one of the Greek dramatists that wrote about women?
Question: What does the play Medea have to say about the role of family,
men and women in Greece? Does it reinforce traditions or refute them?
Answer: Medea is not a statement of fact. It is a display of the possible
consequences of family members not taking the family seriously. It is not
a statement of tradition. It is advice for all time.
Question: last year i saw a production of ‘Agamemnon’ by Aeschylus. it was
produced by The Actors of Dionysus. i was wondering if you knew of their web
Answer: Click here
Question: were wome’s theatrical masks different than men’s so that you
could tell it was a woman?
Answer: All actors were men and the pupose of the mask was to allow the
audience to identify the character, which could be a man or a woman.
Question: How do Antigone and Medea Compare and Contrast
Answer: Both were powerful characters capable of firm action, but Antigone
was inclined to nurturing, while Medea was more commanding.
Question: i am interested in finding information on the social function of
greek drama pertaining to women
Answer: The Greek drama that we know had little to do with women. Women
had their own festivals that may have included drama-like activities but we
have no record of them.
Question: What kind of mask would the actor portraying Jocasta in Oedipus
Answer: The mask of a middle-aged woman. An example
Question: I have to compare/contrast Antigone with Sopocles, Basically my
teacher asks us to compare and contrast how they both defied authority, and
what were the results
Answer: Biographies of Sophocles follow:
Sophocles, himself, does not seem to be one who defied authority, but, in
the play, Antigone, he seems to have a heroine who does defy authority.
Your challenge is to compare Antigone’s behavior with the effect that the play
has had. Rather that being a challenge to authority, Antigone is
a challege to make better laws. Ultimately the effect of Antigone has been
more reasonable laws that are easier to obey.
Question: What do critics both old and modern say about Euripides’ The Trojan
Answer: Some criticism follows:
Question: I am doing an oral presentation on The Trojan Women by Euripides.
What was the audience’s reaction to this play?
Answer: There can be no doubt that the message of the Trojan war was clear to its audience even at the first performance. Though it did not win first prize nothing is left of the one that did. Perhaps the judges and the audience were anxious about the political message of the play. Still the acclaims come in for it and so one has to assume it was well received.
Question: What are some similarities and differences between Antigone and
Answer: They are both women with convictions. Antigone acts on her won
while Lysistrata is organized at the political level.
Question: where can i find a web site about apollo the god of
music and daphne daughter of peneus
Question: what are some physical descriptions of women in ancient greece?
Answer: They were beautifully proportioned and beautiful in appearance.
Greece was the land of fair women (Hellas). This is supported by the following quote from Wikipedia During the era of the Trojan War, the Hellenes were a relatively small but vigorous tribe settled in Thessalic Phthia, and centered along the settlements of Alos, Alope, Trachis, and the Pelasgian Argos. This Homeric Hellas is expressly described as “καλλιγύναικος”, kalligýnaikos, “of beautiful women”, and its warriors, the Hellenes, along with the feared Myrmidons were under the command of Achilles.. Unfortunately this derivation of the name of the Greeks is not certain.
There is a lot of spectulation about the derivation of the word Hellenes which is the word that the Greeks use to call themselves. A fair consideration of this specualtion involes the names Hellas, Hellen, Helen, and Helle. Hellen was an early male ancestor decended from the first man who married Pandora. Commonly Hellas and Hellene are synonyms considered to be derived from this name. The derivation of this name from Indo-European could be ‘bhel-3’, ‘To thrive, bloom’ and ‘lendh-‘, ‘open land’. This suggests ‘Hellen’, ‘Hellene’, and ‘Hellas’ mean productive land. This is consistent with the story of Hellen who was born shorly after the great flood. Helle is most likely the female form of Hellen and it is her name that is given as the reason for the name ‘Hellespont’ which is interpreted as ‘Helle’s crossing’. The name ‘Helen’ has a different derivation from Indo-European: ‘bhel-1’, ‘To shine, flash, burn, fire’ and ‘en’, ‘in’ so this name means ‘burn within’ and could be the same as the current terms ‘blond bombshell’. There is also little doubt that the notion of Helen as the most beautiful woman in the world affected the self-concept of the Hellenes who formed her culture.
The myth of the Judgement of Paris may incorporate a change in attitude about the ancient Greeks about beauty. Originally the judgement was about the potential gifts of the goddesses but as time went on the physical beauty seemed to become more important. That Helen was a worthy prize because of here beauty always seems to have been important.
Question: I want to do a paper on how plays can mimic the greek myths or
are derived from them, but I’m having a hard time getting information. Any
Answer: You may be on the wrong track. The ancient Greek playwrights actually were illustrating the myths. The myths came from stories retold by bards over a thousand years or more. For many years that is all there was. The Greeks thought of these stories as essentially true. The purpose of the dramas was to make them more vivid. They did not intend to fictionalize them or detract from their truth. But they did make changes to make them more realistic to contemporary audiences. Some of the poems that the bards presented were written down and others were not. Sometimes a drama presents unique information while in other cases the information can be gotten from one or more poems. The best approach might be to compare information from a poem like the Iliad with a play like Agamemnon. The poem is older so it may be more accurate. In some cases plays were written and lost. In some cases all we have are stories about these lost plays and not infomation about the poems that were the source.
Question: compare and contrast Oedipus and Creon
Answer: Both are kings who missinterpret their fate. Oedipus fails to
realize that he also must be the subject of his good intentions. Creon
fails to realize that he must be subject to the will of the gods even though
he is king.
Question: you mentioned in an above answer that “Greek theatre was a
reflection of women in Greek society, not a changing agent. Greek theatre had
more had more effect on the status of women in europe after the Renaissance
and in the U.S.” Could you help me understand what exactly you mean by this
or where i could find more info about their effect on future generations.
I am in the beginning process of forming ideas for a research paper for my
theatre history class. I am considering the involvement, if any, of Athenian
women in theatre, their involvement perhaps in religious festivities that
theatre originated from and their influeces on future generations. Any
information or guidance would be much appreciated and cited.
Answer: Greek drama as we know it was part of a religious festival for
men. The women had their own festivals in which they may have acted roles
but we know little about this because the women did not leave any record.
When women started to be educated at the beginning of the nineteeth century
a classical education based on Roman and Greek authors was the best available.
These women were greatly affected by their reading of Antigone and Electra
as indicated by the reports in their writings. In fact it would be quite good
if you could document this process in a woman such as Susan B. Anthony
who was educated in this way.
Question: how does Euripide’s play servr and/or critique their roles
Answer: This question probably requires a detailed analysis of the plays,
but superficially the plays are more illustrative than critical. Euripides
uses the characters to illustrate various moral points. What is interesting is that the moral points relate to women quite often.
Question: What role did women play in the literature of the Western world?
Answer: Unlike the situation in ancient Greece, too often they have been seen as a tool of the Devil. In this guise they have seduced men and led them on a path to Hell. But this attitude relieves men of their responsibility and deprives women of their constructive role. There are women in literature who had a more positive role. Dulcinea of Don Quixote is a characterization of this type of women.
Figuring out costumes is so frustrating I have to find out what the gods
usally were depicted as looking like which with the Greeks and their way of
having ten million diffirent version of the gods life is not easy. Since
color isn’t really mentioned (if you know of any specific colors the any of
gods wore please tell me) I’m using color as cues to their personality. Such
as Hera is in a peacoock blue and green because green is the color of envy
and thats what Hera is most of the time. Um I put Apollo in yellows and reds
and Artemis in blue and silvery grays with touches of gold for Apollo and
silver for Artemis. Well anyway yeah so that the fun thing I’m figuing out
now well that and a list of minor gods and abstractions. FUN FUN FUN! …um no
Colors are hard to relate to ancient Greece because the art of Ancient Greece has come to us in monotones. Yet there are suggestions. Purple was a royal color because of the nature of its production and cost. Bright red was less expensive and used for weddings. White was the color of death.
Question: What evidence can be provided that Greek women were in the
audience for plays in the 5th century?
Answer: This is like asking if women were with the army that attacked Troy.
Of course there were. But they were camp followers and prostitutes, not
soldiers. The question is whether proper wives attended these functions. At
some point wives probably got wind of the fact that the dramas were interesting
and worth attending. Then the husbands could hardly keep them out. The fact
is that a wife usually gets what she wants. Just the fact of the high quality
of the Greek drama proves that wives would have attended eventually. See
Kitto in the Bibliography for a more detailed discussion of this subject.
Question: hOW SYMPATHETICALLY ARE WOMEN PORTRAYED IN ATHENIAN
Answer: Very sympathetically. This seems to be one of the strangest aspects of Athenian drama considering public starements that weremadeabout women.
Question: Are there any similarities between the works of Greek playwrights
and Roman playwrights
Answer: Roman playwrights were strongly influenced by Greek playwrights. But the Roman playwrigts wrote to entertain their audiences while the Greek playwrigts wrote to educate theaudiences about morality and religion.
Question: what was life like for young women servants?
Answer: Life was a lot of hard work. A pretty or talented girl might be sold
to rich man to become a wife, or she might be donated to a temple as a temple
slave or prostitute. A really talented girl could buy her own freedom and
become a hetaera. But an incompetant servant might end up in the street and
almost certain death. In Athens a good mistress would try to make her servants
feel like one of the family, but a servant had no recourse to ureasonable
demands, including the sexual advances of the master.
Question: what information can you give me about athens.
Answer: All the famous Greek dramas were written and performed in Athens.
Question: politicaly speaking, what role did women play in the orestia ?
Answer: Surprisingly they are both protagonists and antagonists. This
is remarkable for a society that confined women to the home.
Question: What are the some of the most famous plays about woman in ancient
greece ? Were women in plays if so who was the most famous ?
Answer: No proper women participated in plays either as actresses or
spectators. Hetaerae and insistent wives probably were spectators. The most
famous plays about women were Medea, Antigone, Lysistrata, The Trojan Women, and
two called Electra.
Question: what kind of education did they recive
Answer: They had the finest education in the ancient world. Later, during
the Roman period the Greeks were in demand as teachers. During the classical
period only the boy citizens were required to go to school. Girl citizens were
not required to go to school. Most girls were taught by their mothers and
husbands. Mothers taught weaving and household arts. Husbands also taught
household arts but also taught some of the subjects they learnied in school.
Many girls were sent to schools of music and dance. Many girls participated in choruses where they were required to memorize poems at length. This educated them about the myths. Girls who were to become hetaerae went to special schools where they learned music,
entertaining, and rhetoric. The Symposia that were held contributed to their
education. Often there would be a speaker, such as Socrates, who would speak
on philosophy or other intellectual topic. The famous philosophers and poets
gathered students around them and they would move from place to place for
public lectures. The students often took copius noted on what the teacher
had to say.
Question: War for the Greeks was a male occuaption. Why, then were the
women so prominent and powerful in their depictions of war?
Answer: Women were greatly affected by the results of war. Men were
dependent on supportive women to wage war. War also brought destruction, rape,
slavery, and deportation to women. One theory is that in the Archaic period
and earlier, the women sang the dirges and lamentations to the dead warriors.
Question: How did the women of Ancient Greece raise their children?
Answer: Plato’s Republic contains exhaustive detail on this subject
and you should read this book if you have not. Plato does say that you should
not teach the young children the myths by Homer and Hesiod, but the women
probably did it anyway.
Question: I have to come up with a thesis involving women in Greek epics. Do
you know of a common theme or some kind of idea I could use regarding?
Answer: A number of women are associated with bulls, especially Europa.
It may be that the Europa story relates to a domination of the Minoan religion
by some goddess from Phonecia, perhaps Aphrodite. The Greeks seem to have
inverted the story by making Zeus the bull. Since the bull rapes Europa it
suggests the domination of the Goddess, perhaps Aphrodite, by Zeus.
Question: “Do you have any pictures on the epic part of “The Tragedy of
Sohrab and Rostam” from the Shaname?”
Answer: This is a Persian story. Here is a book about it:+
Question: What are some points I could discuss in an essay on that role
of women in one of the Orestian Trilogy and The Theban Plays?
Answer: The hardest subject but historically the most important involves
which characteristics of the women are Mycenaean and which are Athenian.
You should also identify universal themes.
Question: Anything about Lysistrata
Answer: This is one of the most important plays by Aristophanes, one of
the most influential playwrights of all time. It ia a comedy about women who seize political power
Question: I have to write a 2 to 3 page analyitical essay on the role of
women through the hero, Theseus. Do you know anything about this?
Answer: Yes, and you will not do this in three pages. You need to focus
on a women he was related to. In the Odyssey, Book XI, Homer makes this
reference to Theseus:
“And Phaedra and Procris I saw, and fair Ariadne, the
daughter of wizard Minos, whom Theseus on a time was
bearing from Crete to the hill of sacred Athens, yet had he
no joy of her; for Artemis slew her ere that in sea-girt
Dia, by reason of the witness of Dionysus.”
In the Iliad, Book XVII, he makes this reference to Ariadne: “Furthermore
he wrought a green, like that which Daedalus once made
in Cnossus for lovely Ariadne. Hereon there danced youths and
maidens whom all would woo, with their hands on one another’s
wrists. The maidens wore robes of light linen, and the youths well
woven shirts that were slightly oiled. The girls were crowned with
garlands, while the young men had daggers of gold that hung by
silver baldrics; sometimes they would dance deftly in a ring with
merry twinkling feet, as it were a potter sitting at his work and
making trial of his wheel to see whether it will run, and sometimes
they would go all in line with one another, and much people was
gathered joyously about the green. There was a bard also to sing to
them and play his lyre, while two tumblers went about performing in
the midst of them when the man struck up with his tune.”
Notice that there is no reference to the Minotaur here. You would do
well to focus on these two passages. Notice my coments on Ariadne in
the article on Hera: Click here
Question: If women were considered as inferior beings in ancient greece, why
were so many used in pivotal roles in their tragedies?
Answer: Just because a few men say that they are inferior, this does not
mean that they are inferior.
Question: Women of Troy?? Whats that play basically about?
Answer: The Trojan Women is about the suffering women must do as a result
of war. Though it is not a happy story it is very important and valuable.
Question: What was the importance of women in ancient greece drama
Answer: Greek drama was part of a religious festival for men only. That women
were included, and not only as sex-objects is amazing. No doubt they were
included to please the gods who were fond of women.
Question: How does women’s roles and participation progress from Athenian
times to present times through Greek Theatre
Answer: Women of Athens have had little effect on the women of today
because they wrote little. They served as models for the Greek playwrights,
but only for details. The major themes come from the time before the Trojan
war but not usually from Athens. The dramas had little effect too until
women began being educated in the schools in the ninteenth century. At that
time though the works of the ancient Greeks formed the major content of their
education. The dramas have had a strong effect ever since.
Question: I’m doing a paper on Antigone specifically how she defies the
typical role of Greek women in politics. Can you give me a little insight on
Answer: Women had no role in politics. Ismene states the position of women
early in the play. The role of Antigone seems to be that even a mere girl can bring down a king if she follows devine laws against arbitrary laws of man.
Question: what was life like for greek goddesses?
Answer: Goddesses led different lives according to the importance and nature
of their realm. The higher level goddesses such as Artemis, Athena, and
Aphrodite lived in a palace on Mt. Olympus with lots of fine food(ambrosia) and servants.
Some of the lower level goddesses, such as nymphs, had to be those servants.
But they were not ladies of leisure because they had a realm that had to be
attended to. Usually this meant that they had to do something like hold court. When they did this they had to listen to petitions and pass judgements. But there were lots of gifts and parties that had to be attended to as well.
Question: A tragedy about a woman who buries the bones of her father. The
father has broken a law. The punishment of the community was that he would be
put to death and his bones were not to be buried. The daughter doesn’t want her
father’s spirit to be in limbo, so she risks her life to bury his bones. She
is caught and she too is put to death. Who was she? I just can’t remember.
Answer: ? Antigone buries the bones of her brother and is killed because she
broke the law forbidding this.
Question: What lessons can be learned from studying greek lit. and why
bother studying something written 2500 years ago?
Answer: The ancient Greeks produced perhaps the most advanced culture ever
which was rich in great art and literature. The Greek literature contains
many secrets as to how this was done so that we, too, can taste of that high
culture. The literature, and art, was of such high quality that it is still
often imitated. Learning this literature makes many current tasks easier
because one merely follows the recipe of the ancient Greeks. Life really has
not changed that much from that time as far as basic needs and great truths so
what can be found to be common to their culture and ours is indeed a universal
truth. Hegel pointed out that the advantage of studying such a distant culture is that commonalities that are great truths are easier to identify. But in the case of the ancient Greeks their stories were a bit more compelling. When Freud looked into the subconscious what he found were the myths of ancient Greece.
Question: PLEASE ANSWER THIS!!! What comment does Oedipus Rex make
about fate and how we should deal with it?
Answer: When we look at our past it seems like everything is determined
by fate. But in fact, in site of what is fated, we are given choices, which
though small, have a remarkable effect on what happens in the future.
The reference this seems to deal with is in Sophocles Oedipus Tyrannus line 1078
“Oedipus — Break forth what will! Be my race ever so lowly, I crave to learn it. That woman perhaps—for she is proud with more than a woman’s pride—feels ashamed of my lowly origin. But I, who hold myself son of Fortune  that gives good, will not be dishonored. She is the mother from whom I spring, and the months, my kinsmen, have marked me sometimes lowly, sometimes great. Such being my heritage, never more can I prove  false to it, or keep from searching out the secret of my birth.”
Question: What is the role or women in Oedipus the King
Answer: Women are a comfort to Oedipus and their loss emphasizes his tragedy.
Question: in the play Abraham and Issac, Issac made the statement “im sad
this day to die, but i will not cause my gods to grieve” could this line be
greek or roman, and why???? i have an essay due tommorow on this topic
Answer: The Greek deities do not seem to grieve. Since they each had
a total view of eternity and could forsee the future, they might grieve when
a human did not really understand it. This seems to be the situation with
Thetis. They were further frustrated by the fact that they could forsee an
event without being able to change it. Thus, Thetis knew her son would die,
but she could do nothing to prevent it. She tried to make him immortal
but failed, thus proving that even the gods were restricted by fate.
In Euripides, Hippolytus. line 1437Artemis says: “Farewell: it is not lawful for me to look upon the dead or to defile my sight with the last breath of the dying. And I see that you are already near that misfortune.”
Also she says line 1416: “For though you are in the gloom under the earth, even so will you get revenge for the wrath that has fallen against you by Aphrodite’s design, and this will be the reward of your piety and goodness.  That mortal of hers that she loves the most I shall punish with these ineluctable arrows shot from my hand. To you, unhappy man, I shall grant, in recompense for these sorrows, supreme honors  in the land of Trozen. For unmarried girls before their marriage will cut their hair for you, and over the length of ages you will harvest the deep mourning of their tears. The practiced skill of poetry sung by maidens will for ever make you its theme, and Phaedra’s love for you  shall not fall nameless and unsung.
Question: what can we gain from Lysistrata about the role of ancient greek
Answer: We learn a lot about love and sex in ancient Greece from Lysistrata.
We also learn about human nature and life itself.
Question: I have to do a web pg. on How the staging of female characters
differ between tragedy and comedy? I have to look into staging, costume,
masks, voice, and movement. I was wondering if you have any information
or know of any helpful websites?
Answer: Women in tragedy are more respectable. In comedy they tend to be bawdy. The Tragedies tend to be about women in the heroic past while the comedies are more about women contemporary to the author.
Question: Was religion a huge part in their everyday life?
Answer: Religion was very important to the Classical Greeks but it was
not so dominant as it was for the Minoans. The Mycenaens placed much less emphasis on religion and the religion of the Classical Greeks seems to be midway between these. It is important to realize that religion for the ancient Greeks was not a matter of belief. The deities were an accepted fact and represented a part of reality that must be dealt with. Though there is some emphasis on remembering this deity or that deity, still, what was most important was the deity related to the matter at hand. If you had to start a fire you needed to pray to Hestia. If you wanted crops to grow you might pray to Demeter. Each deity was identified with (ruled) a realm. To know the deity was to know the laws of the realm. With each project the laws of the realm must be considered and appropriate deities consulted. Since nothing seems to be without rules the deities were a part of everything. The deities of classical Greece were so idealized that some people found them very remote. Though this idealization of the deities helped produce great art, some people turned to other, less traditional forms of worship that were more personal. This especially related to the mystery religions.
Question: contrasting powers between Hera, Athene, and Aphrodite
Answer: That is what the judgement of Paris is really about. It is all about their realms. For Athena this was wisdom, Hera honor, and for Aphrodite love.
Question: Were there any famous actors or actress in Greek Drama?
Answer: There were no actresses in the drama as we know it. All the
female roles were played by men wearing masks. Some of the playwrights were also actors and these are the ones we know now.
Question: Why are all the women in ancient Greek Mythology, when
they speak out, or are arrogant, get really unfair punishments? and
when the men do that, they do not get the same treatment”?
Answer: There are a number of reasons for this. The most important is
that the Greek dramas were actually dealing with the subject of fairness and
and your reaction is appropriate. Another is that in ancient Greece women
and men were considered quite differently. But notice that your statement
is not really true. Medea, for example, was never punished at all.
Question: Are there any literary criticisms on Women in Greek
Drama, specifically Lysistrata and Medea?
- Lysistrata | Essays and Criticism
- Medea (Criticism)
- Gender Studies — Hawley, R. G., Women in Greek Drama: Language, Status
and Stereotype, DPhil Oxford (St John’s) Classical Dissertations and Theses in
Progress or Recently Completed in North America and Great Britain
Question: WHAT WAS THE PIECE OF EURIPIDE’S MEDEA ABOUT
Answer: The play Medea was about the destruction of Medea’s marriage with
Question: How do Greek Tragedies compare to Shakesspear Tragedies
Answer: They have similar quality and importance. But Shakespeare wrote
his tragedies for entertainment that the audience paid for, while the ancient
Greek dramas were written for a religious festival. The ancient dramas were also part of a competition with the winner receiving a prize. The actors may have also received a prize.
Question: ancient greek women’s roles in philosophy, literature, and politics
Answer: They had little role in politics other that as an advisor to their
husband or male partner. Some women were able to take advantage of those
around them, educated themselves, and actively participated in philosophy
and literature. They were somewhat overshadowed by the men in philosophy,
but in poetry their contribution is recognized as some of the best. In general the Hetarae had more access to these roles because the could participate with the men in symposia. It is interesting that these syposias included intellectual discussions, and lectures in addition to the more bawdy events that are common to meetings of men. It is surprising that in addittion to music and dance and sexual favors that are common among women entertainers, the hetarae were expected to give speeches and converse intelligently.
Question: what is the difference between athenian women and spartan women in
Answer: Athenian women are urban and culltured while spartan women are rural
Question: What part is Ancient Greece located? Naorth South East or West
Answer: Greece is in the southeast part of Europe near the western edge of
Asia. It is a little north of the Northeast corner of Africa. Greece is to
the east across the Atlantic Ocean from North America. It has a climate
similar to Central California.
Question: why are women in greek drama always either monsters or
Answer: This seems true only because of the exageration of the author to
make a point. But in reality few women fit either category.
Question: How does the funtion of the chorus in oedipus Rex
compare to Medea?
Question: I need a translation of the Epithaphium on Adonis, written
by Bion Smyrnaeus?
Bion : Smyrnaeus (Bion Of Phlossa Near Smyrna) The *fragments and the Adonis / Bion of Smyrna ; edited with introduction and commentary by J. D. Reed. - Cambridge : Cambridge University press, 1997. - VIII, 271 p. ; 22 cm. (*Cambridge classical texts and commentaries ; 33) N.Id.: 494600 TO00564046 N.Inv.: 18211 F. Var. G. Bion. ISBN: 0521573165
Question: both euripides and aristophanes seemed to show a higher level of
respect for women than did other writers of their time. Are there any sources,
which might contain commentary on the subject?
Answer: The writings of Plato and Aristotle seem to overshadow the other
writers and they are critical of the women of the day.
Question: I have to write an essay on what women really want using Antigone
and Lysistrata…do you have any ideas??
Answer: Antigone seems to prefer her dead brother to her living lover, but
she may also be overwhelmed by her role as a woman in the face of blatant
injustice. In Lysistrata the women seem more concerned about compromise
than justice, but they seem to get what they want.
Answer: Extreme personalities make good drama.
Question: Why were women treated a little better in Sparta then in Athens
Answer: They were treated differently, but not better. In Sparta the
women had the right to hold property. Eventually they were blamed for the
downfall of Sparta because of this. The women of Sparta had more formal
education too, but this turned out to be mainly physical education so they
could bear babies better. The Athenian women were actually better educated
because they could talk to the Athenian men, who were educated in other
subjects besides physical education.
Question: I want to know why Euripedes was branded a woman hater by his
contemporaries, and what evidence there was for this, thank you.
Answer: He wrote some tragedies in which women suffered a lot. It was Aristophanes who climed he was a women hater. This is the main point of his play Thesmophoriazusae.
Question: How does Antigone and/or Oedipus show women’s roles in Ancient
Answer: Though the story took place at least 750 years before the authors time, the behavior of the characters is modeled after the women of the time of the authors.
Question: what were the cutmues and tradition of greek theather?
Answer: The ancient Greek dramas were religious pagents performed once
a year at a festival of Dionysus for men only. The actors wore their
street clothes with masks over their faces.
Question: what did greek drama do for greek culture?
Answer: Within the Greek culture drama enlivened only one festival for a
few days. It probably stimulated many moral discussions during that festival,
but the impact on the culture was not that great. But with each successive
generation the impact grew, until today it is a major force on our culture.
The main impact of Greek culture is its legacy. Greek artists did include
characters from drama in their images, but many of these characters were known
from other sources as well.
Question: When did women become a big part of the theater
Answer: The first noted actress I find ChampmeslÅ, Marie Desmares (1642
– 1698) French actress. Click Here
Question: What are some feminist views of Oedipus Rex by Sophocles?
Answer: How do you identify a feminist view?
Question: Did women star in any plays ?
Answer: Not in ancient Greece.
Question: I am writing a university paper on the use of drama for religion
in Ancient greece or greek mythology and can’t find anything straight forward.
Can you help me please?
Answer: In Archaic and Classical Greece all drama was used for religious
purposes and this accounts for its moral content. Drama was presented as
a part of a festival for the god Dionysus.
Question: What About Greek Dancing?
Answer: Dancing was very important to the ancient Greeks. Many of the
images relate to dancing. Dancing was part of the festivals, entertainments,
and religious ceremonies. Some of the choruses danced during the dramas.
Answer: Archilochus was a poet contemporary of Homer. Of his life in
the mid-7th century little is known. He came from Paros and colonized Thasos
where he apparently was killed in battle. He wrote short poems that
survive in quotations in later authors.
Question: where can i find information on Trojan Women?
Answer: Some sites to check:
Question: what were the roles of women in greek plays?
Answer: Since the greek dramas were performed at a religious festival for
men the roles of the women characters are quite surprising. Many of the
women are dynamic characters that would be unusual in any culture. One would
expect compliant but sexy women that one sees in showgirl routines and beauty
pageants, or strippers that you see a bachelor parties. Instead you see
quite a range of women with independent thoughts and feminine concerns.
Question: were women able to become citizens
Question: What was the typical size of a greek chorus?
Answer: Comedy had 24 members as opposed to 12 or 15 in tragedy.
Question: what was the structure called that actors performed
Answer: The general structure was called a theater. This was divided into
- koilon or theatron – this is where the spectators sat.
- parados – a walkway around the ochestra.
- orchestra – the circular area in front of the spectators where the
performance took place.
- skene – this was a hut opposite the spectators that the actors changed in.
- proskenion – a portico in front of the skene that provided a backdrop
for the action.
Question: Why weren’t they allowed to act in theatre?
Answer: In ancient Greece drama was a part of a religious festival for men.
Question: what influenced the playwrights?
Answer: Greek religion, politics, poetry, and their surroundings.
Question: I am writing a dissertation on the early forerunners of the
“trouser” role in opera (women appearing as men). I am looking specifically for
documentation regarding women appearing in religious festivals in
ancient Greece and “illegal” appearances of women actresses in Roman
theater. If you have any suggestions for where to look, I would
appreciate these as well, as pictures of women on vases or other
Answer: No women appeared in Greek theater because drama was a religious
festival for men only. The Amazons were women who performed men’s roles in
life. Callipateira disguised herself as a man to be a trainer to her son at
the Olympics. Agnodice disguised herself as a man to become a gynecologist.
Though women did not appear in dramas they probably appeared in dramatizations
in their own religious festivals. They could have portrayed a god or a
goddess. Athena was a shape shifter and often appeared as a wise old man, and
sometimes a young man. Dionysus could also appear as a man, a woman or a boy.
A woman could easily have portrayed the god Dionysus a a religious festival for
Question: Was there nudity in Greek plays?
Answer: Comedy had nudity, but it was always male nudity. But usually a
performer wore a costume with a fake giant phallus when nudity was called for. In Lysatrata the role of the nude Peace was played by a male with a sign that said ‘Peace, a nude girl’
Question: how did the role of women change through out the
plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripedes?
Answer: This question deserves careful study in detail but the most sweeping
generality relates to the depth and breadth of the role of women in these
plays. This is quite remarkable compared to the general belief as to the
limited role of women in the contemporary Greek society.
Question: what is the copyright of this page?
Answer: All material on this page is copyright June 5, 2010 by Frederick
John Kluth. The material may be copied by permission only. Only short
passages may be copied for educational purposes. The copied material
is to be in quotes and the author and web site listed. The site may be freely
linked to other sites without permission.
Question: example of woman who cannot find happiness
Answer: These are monsters such as Scylla.
Question: what views did cassandra have on greek society?
Answer: In the Agamemnon she says: Yet once more I would like to
speak, but not a dirge. I pray to the sun, in presence of his latest light,
that my enemies may at the same time pay to my avengers a bloody penalty for
slaughtering a slave, an easy prey. Alas for human fortune! When prosperous,
a mere shadow can overturn it; if misfortune strikes, the dash of a wet sponge
blots out the drawing. And this last I deem far more pitiable than that.”
Question: Is medea an iconoclastic image?
Answer: No. Medea builds sacredness rather than destroying it.
Question: WOULD LIKE TO SEE WHAT WOMAN WROTE IN THEIR DIARY’S
Answer: Though ancient Greek women could write, they did not write any
history of women. Ancient Greek men wrote profusely on many important
subjects, including women, but women wrote much less, and most of that has been
lost. What remains is mainly poetry and philosophy.
Question: Can you give me a picture of the Theater of
Answer: Click here
Question: why were the furies in the oresteia trilogy women
Answer: click on the Menu directory below and click on Furies.
Question: Did women write plays?
Question: Who was the Greek woman famous for her lyric poetry?
Question: I am doing a paper on how the role of women in the
greek trageties (jocasta, phaedra, antigone…) reflects the
male attitudes toward women in fifth century athens. I wanted
to show how they are the cause of tragety…showing that men
perceives women as the root of all problems…do you have any
suggestions or other correlation between their roles and male
Answer: The myth of Pandora blames the women but the tragedies of Medea
and Antigone both blame the men.
Question:What was Euripides view of women in reek society and
how did it manifest in his plays.
Answer: There is no statement by Euripides about women other than his
plays. You would have to read the plays to develop a hypothetical view
of women. This has been the subject of debate even in ancient times.
Aristophanes commented on this. The following article may be useful:
Question: did women(mothers) often hear omens or voices?
Answer: No. A goddess like Thetis, the mother of Achilles, could do this
easily. Only special mortals, like Cassandra, had this ability, even though it
was a highly valued skill in those days.
Question: where did beauty pagents come from?
Answer: Women were not allowed to perform on the stage until the 16th
century. But there is in the judgement of Paris the idea of a beauty pagent. This is probably a development of early fertility festivals. For these festivals a contest was held to determine who would be best qualified for this role. Most commonly a race was held but sometimes participants were judged1 to determine who was the most beautiful. The ancient Greeks seemed to like contests. Talent contests were also held. Some marriages were arranged with a contest.
Question: How do you see Clytemnestra in Aechylus’ Orestia? are you sympathetic or do you see her as an evil woman? Also can you recommend any books/sites for this topic as I am studying this as a part of my degree. Thank you.
Answer: Click on the menu below then click on Clytemnestra.
Question: We have to have a Greek assembly and I need detailve information on Womens rights?
Answer: Click on the menu directory below and click on politics.
Question: What was the role that women played in Greek Tradegy?
Answer: The specific roles are not so important as the range of roles,
which was huge. Though there were many women characters, women did
not participate otherwise. There may have been women in the audience,
but it was not proper for them to be there and the dramas were for men only.
Question: ý have an assýgnment about oedýpus at colonus and oedýpus the king! amd my problem ýs that what ýs the relation between free will and fate and god’s oracle! pls help me
Answer: From the point of view of these plays it seems that fate rules the
world when in reality it rules the drama only. You have to look at the
plays carefully to realize that Oedipus makes bad choices. The point is that
every person has to deal with the fact that there are many things in life that
just happen and cannot be changed. The trick is to see these things as
opportunities and not bad fate. The choices that can be made in the face of
these things are small, but sometimes even small choices have big results.
Question: what was Euripides attitudes towards greek treatment of woman?
Answer: Because Aristophanes accused Euripides of being a misogynist
much has been written on this topic. But Aristophanes got a lot of
comedy out of his accusation, and Euripides wrote great tragedies,
not comments on the human condition. The result is that any conclusion
must be debatable, second-hand information. Euripides did write a fair
number of tragedies with women suffering a lot.
Question: compare Alcestis and Medea
Answer: Alcestis was the picture of devotion, while Medea had limits to
her devotion. Euripides wrote a play Alcestis which can be compared
Question: Is Clytemnestra torn between responsability (the law of men) and necessity the uritten laws of gods critise or defend her behaivor
Answer: Click on the menu directory below and click on her name.
Question: which godesses were of significance in greek drama?
Answer: All goddesses were significant. Anger only one to do yourself
Question: I have a university paper to do, which is about roles of women
in ancient geek drama, the problem is, I have to ARGUE something. Can you
help me with some ideas please?
Answer: Women portrayed in the dramas seem more important than women in
the Greek society that viewed the dramas. This seems to be a reflection
of the importance of women in the earlier time when the myths were formed.
Inheritance seems matrilinial, for example. A queen inherited her realm
and the man she married became king. There are many subtle references
in drama to this type of situation which are especially confusing because
the Classic writers were living in a patrilineal society. These references
may make women seem more powerful than they were intended to be. This
power may also have played on the fear men have of a powerful woman.
Question: Dionysian women
Answer: Euripides The Bacchae deals with this. But the festival
of Dionysus separated men from women. These are also called Maenads and
were a popular art subject. These women could be nymphs or mortals. The orgies were much more demanding for the mortals. They had to discipline themselves or they would miss the prophesy that they seeked. And of couse they could be drawn into sexual activity which could result in disaster. They were not able to take examples from the nymphs who had no such worries.
Question: which Minoan theater festivals did women participate in?
Answer: There was no Minoan theater. But at the Minoan festivals there
seemed to be impersonations where a woman played the role of a goddess. Only at
the festival of Dionysus was there drama. The Minoan art suggests fertility festival with impersonations of a god and a goddess. There were also initiations possible related to puberty and maturity. There were processions and dances, especially line dances. In many of these religious objects ay have been transported. There seemed to be a tree shaking ceremony. There may have been ritual bathing. If there were sacrifices they were probably associated with banquets. But they also had human sacrifice which may have been related to the fertility festivals.